Ikhshidid dynasty

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ikhshidid)
Jump to: navigation, search
Historical Arab states and dynasties

The Ikhshidid dynasty of Egypt ruled from 935 to 969. Muhammad bin Tughj Al-Ikhshid, a Turkic slave soldier, was appointed governor by the Abbasid Caliph.[1] The dynasty carried the Arabic title "Wali" reflecting their position as governors on behalf of the Abbasids. The Ikhshidids came to an end when the Fatimid army conquered Fustat in 969.[2]

Walis of Egypt & Syria under the Ikhshidid Dynasty[edit]

Title Personal Name Reign
Autonomous governors of Egypt & southern Syria for the Abbasid Caliphate
Wali
ولی
Al-Ikhshid
(Prince)
الاخشید
Muhammad bin Tughj
محمد بن طغج
935 - 946
Wali
ولی
Al-Ikhshid
(Prince)
الاخشید
Abul-Qasim Ungur bin Muhammad bin Tughj
ابو القاسم انگر بن محمد بن طغج
946 - 961
Wali
ولی
Al-Ikhshid
(Prince)
الاخشید
Abul-Hasan Ali bin Muhammad bin Tughj
ابو الحسن علی بن محمد بن طغج
961 - 966
Wali
ولی
Abul-Misk Kafur
أبو المسک کافور
966 - 968
Wali
ولی
Al-Ikhshid
(Prince)
الاخشید
Abul-Fawaris Ahmed bin Ali
أبو الفوارس أحمد بن علی
968 - 969
Fatimid General Jawhar as-Siqilli conquers Egypt


Coinage[edit]

Ikhshidid dynasty at its Greatest Extent

Only gold coins are common, with coppers being extremely rare. Dinars were mainly struck at Misr (Fustat) and Filastin (al-Ramla), and dirhams were usually struck at Filastin, and less often at Tabariya, Dimashq, and Hims. Other mints for dirhams are quite rare. Dinars from Misr are often well struck, while the Filastin dinars are more crude. Dirhams are usually crudely struck and often are illegible on half of the coin.[3]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ C.E. Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, (Columbia University Press, 1996), 62.
  2. ^ The Fatimid Revolution (861-973) and its aftermath in North Africa, Michael Brett, The Cambridge History of Africa, Vol. 2 ed. J. D. Fage, Roland Anthony Oliver, (Cambridge University Press, 2002), 622.
  3. ^ Album, Stephen. A Checklist of Islamic Coins, Second Edition, January 1998, Santa Rosa, CA