Ikshvaku

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This article is about the King Ikshvaku. For other uses, see Ikshvaku.

Ikshvaku (Sanskrit: इक्ष्वाकु, ikṣvāku (from the word Sanskrit: इक्षु, ikṣu which means ‘sugar cane’[1]); Pali: Okkāka) was the first king of the Ikshvaku dynasty and founder of the Ikshvaku-Vansh, or Suryavansh Dynasty of Kshatriyas in Vedic civilization in ancient India.

In Hinduism[edit]

Lineage details below as per the Valmiki Ramayana

  1. Lord Brahma
  2. Marichi (son of Brahma)
  3. Sage Kashyapa (son of Marichi)
  4. Vivasvan (Surya) (son of Sage Kashyapa)
  5. Manu (Vaivasvatha) (Father of humanity)
  6. Ikshvaku (Manu's son)
  7. Gushi (son of Ikshvaku)
  8. Vigushi (son of Gushi)
  9. Baana (son of ViGushi)
  10. Anaranya (son of Baanan)
  11. Brithu (son of Anaranyan)
  12. Trisanku (son of Brithu) - he got his own heaven with the help of sage vishwamithra
  13. Thundhumaaran
  14. Yuvanaswa
  15. Mandhata
  16. Susanthi
  17. Dhuruvasanthi and Prasanejith
  18. Bharatha (son of Dhuruvasanthi)
  19. Asitha
  20. Sagara
  21. Asamanja
  22. Amsumaa
  23. Dileepa
  24. Bhagiratha (He brought river Ganges or Ganga to Earth from Devaloka and so Ganga has another name Bhagirathi)
  25. Kaguthstha
  26. Raghu
  27. Pravritha a.k.a. Kalmasha-paatha
  28. Sangana
  29. Sudharshana
  30. Agnivarna
  31. Seekraga
  32. Maru
  33. Prachuchrugana
  34. Ambarisa
  35. Nahusha
  36. Yayati
  37. Naabaaga
  38. Ajan
  39. Dasaratha
  40. Rama
  41. Luv and Kush (Sons of Rama and Sita)

He is remembered in Hindu scriptures as a righteous and glorious king. In some versions, he is the son of Vaivasvata Manu (formerly the Emperor Satyavrata of Dravida), one of the two central characters along with the Lord Matsya incarnation of Lord Vishnu in the Matsya Purana. He is born to Manu after the deluge which sends the King's ship to the top of the Malaya Mountains in the Dravida country.[2][3]

In Vedic History[edit]

Ikshvaku was one of the earliest monarchs of India, and played a pivotal role in the propagation of the ancient Vedic religion.

In Jainism History[edit]

The Ikshvaku clan said to began from the first Tirthankara, Rishabha, who is regarded as the first King on the earth of this Avsarpini cycle.[4] According to Jainism, Rishabha was born to Nabhi Raja and Marudevi at Ayodhya. Rushabdev had 101 sons of whom the eldest was Bharata and second son was Bahubali. Rishabha, after completing his tenure as a King, gave up all his possessions to his 101 sons and became a Sadhu.

Jain history provides two explanations how the word "Ikshvaku" came about. According to one version, after Rushabdev fasted for one year, he took his first aahar (food), which was IkshRas(Sugarcane Juice). This Sugarcane Juice was given to Rushabdev by King Shreyansha. Thus from this event, Rushabdev was given the name of Ikshvaku and his lineage was called as Ikshvaku Vansh (Family of Ikshvaku). According to another version,when lord Rishab was a kid, he was offered several fruits, out of those he choose sugarcane and started chewing it. Indra came to worship Rishab dev. When he saw lord Rishab chewing sugarcane, he gave the name Ikshvaku, meaning "sugarcane eating", thus his clan adopted this name in honor.[5] Thus according to Jainism, Ikshvaku was another name for Rushabdev.

In Buddhism[edit]

In Buddhism Ikshvaku is an epithet of Śakya Simha Buddha.

House of Ikshvaku[edit]

Across the length and breadth of Greater India, numerous royal families have claimed to have belonged to the House of Ikshvaku, which was synonymous with the Solar Dynasty. Great kings like Bhagiratha and Dasaratha were among the kings in the line before Lord Rama.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]