Il Becco Giallo

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Il Becco Giallo was the most important antifascist satirical magazine of the 1920s and 1930s in Italy.[1][1] It was founded by Alberto Giannini in 1924. In 1926 the fascist regime forced Giannini to close it and emigrate to France.[2] The editorial column of the first issue sided clearly against fascism:[1]

[...] appoggiamo [...] con tutte le nostre energie l’opposizione la quale, al regime fascista di dittatoriale violenza che ha invertito tutti i valori morali e col terrorismo ha asservito l’Italia ad una banda di predoni, resiste eroicamente sfidando ogni giorno le più brutali aggressioni e lotta per la libertà soppressa, per la millenaria giustizia italiana conculcata, per la riconquista delle guarentigie costituzionali, per ridare prestigio all’Italia nel mondo.

Luigi Pirandello, for his devotion to Benito Mussolini, was one of Becco Giallo satirical target, and used to be called P.Randello (randello in Italian means club).[3]

In the same period, emerged in Italy two magazines that were characterized for developing an innovative surreal humour, the Bertoldo and the Marc'Aurelio; the authors of these magazines were reactionaries that avoided political satire to comply with the regime.[1][4]

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Further reading[edit]

  • Oreste Del Buono, Lietta Tornabuoni (editors) (1972) Il becco giallo, Feltrinelli,
  • Il becco giallo. La satira di sinistra, a cura di Walter Marossi, Milano, M&B Publishing, 1999