Front page, 15 September 2009
|Publisher||Società Europea di Edizioni|
History and profile
The newspaper was founded in 1974 by the journalist Indro Montanelli, together with the colleagues Enzo Bettiza, Ferenc Fejtő, Raymond Aron and others, after some disagreements with the new pro-left editorial line adopted by the newspaper Corriere della Sera, where Montanelli had been one of the most important contributors. Montanelli left Corriere della Sera in 1973.
The newspaper was first published on 25 June 1974 as Il Giornale Nuovo, with Indro Montanelli as editor and member of the publishing company board of directors and an editorial office composed of 59 journalists. The paper has a conservative stance.
In 1977 Montanelli, in financial difficulties, accepted an offer by Silvio Berlusconi, who thus became the publisher. In 1983 the paper was renamed as Il Giornale. When Berlusconi entered politics in December 1993, however, Montanelli left fearing for his own independence, and went on to found the short-lived daily newspaper La Voce.
In 1994, Berlusconi left the role of publisher of il Giornale to his brother Paolo. Vittorio Feltri replaced Indro Montanelli as editor. In 2004 the paper was owned by Fininvest (58.3%) and Mondadori Editori (41.7 %). The publisher is the Società Europea di Edizioni. The paper was published in broadsheet format until May 2005 when it switched to tabloid format.
In May 2005 Il Giornale started its online version.
Il Giornale had a circulation of 235,000 copies in 2000. The circulation of the paper was 228,198 copies in 2001 and it was 219,363 copies in 2002. The circulation of the paper was 216,000 copies in 2003. In 2008 the paper had an average circulation of 192,667 copies. The circulation of the paper was 184,882 copies in 2009 and 183,923 copies in 2010.
Il Giornale della Libertà
Il Giornale della Libertà was a free weekly political, headed by Michela Vittoria Brambilla, and attached with Il Giornale, but was strictly criticized by the editorial staff and later went on strike (for the second time after the leaving of Indro Montanelli).
The last issue is still available for downloading.
- Indro Montanelli (1974–1994)
- Vittorio Feltri (1994–1997)
- Mario Cervi (1997–2001)
- Maurizio Belpietro (2001–2007)
- Mario Giordano (2007–2009)
- Vittorio Feltri (2009–2010)
- Alessandro Sallusti (2010–present)
- Luigi Bruti Liberati (2011). "Witch-hunts and Corriere della Sera. A conservative perception of American political values in Cold War Italy: The 1950s". Cold War History 11 (1). Retrieved 31 December 2014.
- Gino Moliterno, ed. (2005). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Italian Culture. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-203-74849-2. Retrieved 11 January 2015.
- Lapo Filistrucchi (February 2006). "The Impact of Internet on the Market for Daily Newspapers in Italy". EUI Working Paper. Retrieved 9 December 2013.
- Eugénie Saitta (April 2006). "The Transformations of Traditional Mass Media Involvement in the Political and Electoral Process" (Conference Paper). Nicosia, Cyprus: ECPR. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
- Piero Benetazzo (Winter 1994). "Berlusconi and the Battle for the Italian Media". Nieman Reports 48 (4). Retrieved 24 November 2014. – via Questia (subscription required)
- David Ward (2004). "A Mapping Study of Media Concentration and Ownership in Ten European Countries". Dutch Media Authority. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- "Il Giornale shrinks format, boosts flexibility". König and Bauer Group. 8 May 2005. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "World Press Trends". World Association of Newspapers. Paris. 2004. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- "Top 100 dailies 2000". campaign. 16 November 2001. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
- Data for average newspaper circulation. Survey in 2008 in Italy Accertamenti Diffusione Stampa
- "National Newspapers". International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "Inserto dei "Circoli della Libertà" e al "Giornale" scatta lo sciopero". la Repubblica (in Italian). 31 May 2007. Retrieved 15 January 2009.
- Il Giornale della Libertà 16 May 2008
- il Giornale Official Website (Italian)