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|• Total||1,703 km2 (658 sq mi)|
|Elevation(maximum)||3,636 m (11,929 ft)|
|• Density||170/km2 (440/sq mi)|
|Time zone||NPT (UTC+5:45)|
|Main language(s)||Limbu, Nepali|
Ilam district (Nepali: इलाम जिल्ला Listen (help·info)) is a Hill district of Mechi Zone in Nepal's Eastern Development Region. The district covers 1,703 km2 (658 sq mi). The 2011 census counted 290,254 population. Ilam is the district headquarters, about 600 km (370 mi) from Kathmandu.
The name Ilam is derived from the Limbu language in which "Ii" means twisted and "Lam" means road. Ilam was one of the ten self ruling states of Limbuwan before the unification of Nepal, its ruler King Hangshu Phuba Lingdom of Lingdom dynasty ruled Ilam as a confederate state of Limbuwan until 1813 AD. The treaty between the other Limbuwan states and the King of Gorkha (Gorkha-Limbuwan Treaty of 1774 AD) and the conflict of Gorkha and Sikkim led to the unification of Ilam with Gorkha. Ilam was the last of the ten kingdoms of Limbuwan to join the union of Nepal. The King of Gorkha gave the ruler of Ilam full autonomy to rule and the right of Kipat. Ilam was an independent Limbu kingdom until 1813 CE/1869 BS.
Ilam is a today one of the most developed places in Nepal. Its ILAM TEA is very famous and is exported to many parts of Europe. The main source of income in this district is tea, cardamom, milk, ginger and potato.
This place also has a religious importance. The devi temples have a great importance attached to them and many people come here just for pilgrimage.
The major attraction of Ilam is the 9-cornered Mai Pokhari lake. Also known as the abode of the goddess lots of tourists as well as Nepalese people come to visit this lake. Mai river and its four tributaries also emerge in Ilam district. The famous Mane Bhanjyang (Mane pass) connects Ilam with Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India.
Ilam was much in the news in the past during the Maoist insurgency, from here the Maoists launched massive attacks frequently.
Tourists going to Ilam can expect to pay around 1000 rupees a week for accommodation and food.
Geography and climate
|Climate Zone||Elevation Range||% of Area|
|Lower Tropical||below 300 meters (1,000 ft)||15.5%|
|Upper Tropical||300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
|Subtropical||1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
|Temperate||2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
|Subalpine||3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
Towns and villages
Amchok, Bajho, Barbote, Chamaita, Chisapani, Chulachuli, Danabari, Dhuseni, Ibhang, Ektappa, Ebhang*, Erautar, Gajurmukhi, Dhuseni*, Godak, Gorkhe, Ilam, Jamuna, Jirmale, Jitpur, Jogmai, Kanyam, Kolbung, Laxmipur, Lumde, Mabu, Mahamai, Maimajhuwa, Maipokhari, Mangalbare, Namsaling, Naya Bazar, Panchakanya, Pashupatinagar, Phakphok, Fikkal Bazar, Phuyatappa, Puwamajhuwa, Pyang, Sakfara, Sakhejung, Samalpung, Sangrumba, Shanti Danda, Shantipur, Shree Antu, Siddhithumka, Soyak, Soyang, Sri Antu*, Sulubung, Sumbek Bashyal
- Household and population by districts, Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) Nepal
- The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system, . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7803-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
- Districts of Nepal at statoids.com
Human rights forum HURF