|Council||Lower Galilee Regional Council|
|Founded by||Jewish Colonization Association (JCA)|
Ilaniya (Hebrew: אִילָנִיָּה) is a moshav in Israel's Lower Galilee Regional Council. The village, also known as Sejera, after the adjacent Arab village al-Shajara, was the first Jewish settlement in the Lower Galilee. In 2012, Ilaniya had a population of 471.
Sejera, later Ilaniya, was established in 1902 on land was purchased by Baron Edmond James de Rothschild which was transferred to the management of the Jewish Colonization Association (JCA) in 1899. The Sejera farm was worked by settlers of the Second Aliyah, among them the young David Ben-Gurion. By taking what was one of the least profitable ranches in the land and making it profitable, Manya Shochat showed that her ideas for a communal collective could work. Later near the farm, a moshava was founded by inhabitants of Rosh Pina, Yesod HaMa'ala, Tiberias and Safed, joined by students of the Mikve Israel school, by several Jewish families from Kurdistan and Morocco and 8 families of Russian Subbotniks from Astrakhan.
The organization "Bar-Giora", which was founded in order to put the guarding of the Jewish settlements in Jewish hands, took upon itself in 1907, to replace the unreliable Circassian guards. They showed that Jews could defend the Jewish communities just as well as any locals. On 12 April 1909, following the death of an Arab from Kafr Kanna during an attempted robbery of a Jewish photographer traveling to Sejera, one of the watchmen, Israel Korngold, was shot dead. Ben-Gurion and two farmers pursued the attackers and were caught in an ambush. As they fled one of the farmers, Shimon Melamed, was shot dead. In 1909 "Bar-Giora" was absorbed into Hashomer.
During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War the village was attacked several times by the Army for the Liberation of Palestine, led by Kaukji. Most of the Jewish inhabitants temporarily abandoned the place, while the remaining ones took part in the fighting. By 1949 the settlement expanded and included the territory of the Palestinian Arab adjacent village of al-Shajara, which was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Ilaniya and the Sejera farm are on the list of conserved sites. Some places of note are:
- the old school, founded in 1922
- the mikvah tohara in a sepulchral grotto
- The house of the peasant Naftali Fabrikant—now a library and educational centre
- the ruins of a synagogue from the Byzantine era
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilaniya.|
- "Locality File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2012. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- Forester's House Complex Dedicated at Beit Keshet Forest
- Teveth, Shabtai (1985) Ben-Gurion and the Palestinian Arabs. From Peace to War. Oxford University Pres. ISBN 0-19-503562-3. pp. 14, 15.
- HaReuveni, Immanuel (1999). Lexicon of the Land of Israel. Miskal - Yedioth Ahronoth Books and Chemed Books. p. 33. ISBN 965-448-413-7. (Hebrew)
- ed. Yuval Elazari - Map's Concise Gazetteer of Israel Today MAP - Mapping and Publishing, Tel Aviv, 2003 (Hebrew)