Ilex crenata

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Ilex crenata
Ilex Crenata5.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Aquifoliales
Family: Aquifoliaceae
Genus: Ilex
Species: I. crenata
Binomial name
Ilex crenata
Thunb.

Ilex crenata (Japanese holly or box-leaved holly; Japanese: イヌツゲ inutsuge) is a species of holly native to eastern China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Sakhalin.[1]

It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to a height of 3–5 m (rarely 10 m) tall, with a trunk diameter up to 20 cm. The leaves are glossy dark green, small, 10–30 mm long and 10–17 mm broad, with a crenate margin, sometimes spiny. The flowers are dioecious, white, four-lobed. The fruit is a black drupe 5 mm diameter, containing four seeds. It grows well in acidic soil, between a pH of 3.7 and 6.0.[2][3][4]

Cultivation[edit]

Ilex crenata edging parterre beds in an English garden

I. crenata is grown as an ornamental plant for its dense evergreen foliage, and is a popular plant among Bonsai enthusiasts.[5] It is superficially similar in appearance to box, and is often used in similar situations; it can readily be distinguished from box by its alternate, not opposite, leaf arrangement.

Numerous cultivars have been selected, including plants with the leaves variegated (e.g. 'Golden Gem', 'Shiro-Fukurin'), dark green (e.g. 'Green Lustre'), or greyish-green (e.g. 'Bad Zwischenahn'); with yellow fruit (e.g. 'Ivory Hall'); and with the habit erect (e.g. 'Chesapeake'), spreading (e.g. 'Green Island', 'Hetzii'), or dwarf (e.g. 'Mariesii', 'Stokes').[4] The variety 'Golden Gem'[6] has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network: Ilex crenata
  2. ^ Osaka hundred trees: Ilex crenata (in Japanese; google translation)
  3. ^ Okayama Science University: Ilex crenata (in Japanese; google translation)
  4. ^ a b Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.
  5. ^ "Japanese Holly Bonsai". BonsaiDojo.net. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector". Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 

External links[edit]