Ilka Tanya Payán
|Ilka Tanya Payán|
January 7, 1943|
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
|Died||April 6, 1996
Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States
Life and career
Payán was born in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic and immigrated to the United States at the age of thirteen, settling permanently in New York City. She became widely recognized for her role in the Spanish-language telenovela Angelica, Mi Vida ("Angelica, My Life"). It was from her role on this serial that provided Payán with the experience to move on to bigger roles in Hollywood with a small role in the film Scarface, and a guest role on the television series Hill Street Blues. Prior to these roles, she had worked in local theatrical and television projects in the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, and Spain.
She also worked hard to encourage New York's Latino theater community. She was a founder of the Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors (HOLA), and was heavily involved with International Arts Relations (INTAR).
Payán studied law at Peoples College of Law in Los Angeles, California, and became an attorney in 1981, practicing immigration law. It was around this time that a former lover infected her with HIV. It was not until 1986 that she tested positive for the virus. Caught completely off guard by the discovery, she revealed her status to her husband, her then 22-year old daughter, her niece, and several friends. She and her second husband separated several years later, and ultimately divorced. Fortunately for him, he escaped infection.
Keeping her status private for many years, she finally publicly disclosed her status in 1993. Payán's announcement shocked many in the Hispanic community because she was one of the first Latino celebrities to publicly disclose her status. While it was widely believed that the death of singer Héctor Lavoe in June 1993 influenced her, Payán in an interview with the New York Times said that it was an encounter with a man who she liked that helped her make this important decision. After asking her point-blank if she was positive, she admitted it to him. She later heavily debated whether or not to keep living with her secret or accept that she was living with a medical condition, and not with a punishment as many evangelical preachers at the time had labeled the disease. At the end she decided that she no longer could live a lie and decided to tell others about her status in order to educate others about the realities of living with the disease.
The announcement did not go well with some of her ten sisters and six brothers. Many who lived in the Dominican Republic were disturbed over the fact that her revelation was received negatively in that nation. The general consensus in Latin American countries during the second half of the 1980s and early 1990s, was that AIDS/HIV was a disease that only affected homosexuals and prostitutes. However, Payán was heterosexual, and this stereotype provided her with a newfound mission in life. Payán spent the final three years of her life educating the public about the realities of AIDS. On December 10, 1993 she was given the honor of being chosen as the featured speaker at the United Nations panel for World AIDS Day. Speaking to this world body of diplomats allowed her to discuss the importance of educating citizens of developing nations on how to protect themselves and prevent the spread of the disease. In addition to her work, Payán was honored by her native country when Dominican president Joaquín Balaguer awarded her the Medal of Honor in recognition of her activism. She appeared on the cover of POZ magazine in August 2005, where she was featured in article detailing her life and activism.
The years preceding her death, Payán worked in the legal department for the Gay Men's Health Crisis, a non-profit, volunteer-supported and community-based AIDS/HIV organization that has led the fight in educating the public on AIDS/HIV prevention.
Payán died from complications from AIDS at her Hell's Kitchen home on April 6, 1996.
On March 1, 2002, New York City renamed a park in the predominantly-Dominican Manhattan neighborhood of Washington Heights in her honor. The "Ilka Tanya Payán Park" is located on the Greenstreet bounded between 156th and 157th Streets, and Broadway and Morgan Place.
On September 27, 2005 the "Ilka Tanya Payán Theatre" located at the Times Square Arts Center was opened in a dedication ceremony. The playhouse will serve as an experimental theater for Latino actors and productions.
Since 1999, the Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors (HOLA) has given out the HOLA Ilka Award for Humanitarianism in her honor.
- California State Bar Member Records
- Conversations/Ilka Tanya Payán; An Actress Openly Faces AIDS And Receives an Audience's Ovation from New York Times 05/12/1993
- Ilka Payan, 53, an Actress, Dies; Champion for Anti-AIDS Causes from the New York Times, date 8 April 1996
- The Lady Is a Champ - Actress/Lawyer/Activist Ilka Tanya Payán fights for the glamorous life from POZ, August/September 2005
- Jairo Pedraza on HIV in Latin America October 1998
- New York City Parks and Recreation Department: RENAMING A PARK IN MEMORY OF ILKA TANYA PAYAN: SOAP OPERA STAR, IMMIGRATION LAWYER, AND AIDS ACTIVIST 26/02/2002
- Teatro llevará nombre de Ilka Tanya Payán from El Diario La Prensa 20/08/2005