Illinois General Assembly
|Illinois General Assembly|
House of Representatives
|President of the Senate||John Cullerton, (D)
Since January 14, 2009
|Speaker of the House||Michael Madigan, (D)
Since January 8, 1997
|Political groups||Democratic Party
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|Illinois State Capitol, Springfield|
The Illinois General Assembly is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Illinois and comprises the Illinois House of Representatives and the Illinois Senate. The General Assembly was created by the first state constitution adopted in 1818. The Senate has 59 members while the House has 118. A Senate district is formed by combining two House districts. The current General Assembly is Illinois's 97th.
Terms of members 
All members of the House of Representatives are elected to a two-year term without term limits.
The Senate's term cycle is staggered. In order to avoid complete turnovers in Senate membership (except after an intervening Census), not all districts elect senators simultaneously. Every Senate district elects its members to serve two four-year terms and one two-year term per decade. The placement of the two-year term in the decade varies from one district to another, with each district's terms defined as 2-4-4, 4-2-4, or 4-4-2. Similar to the House, Senators are also elected without term limits.
The officers of each house of the General Assembly are elected at the beginning of each even number year. Representatives of the House elect from its membership a Speaker and Speaker pro tempore, typically drawn from the majority party in the chamber. The Illinois Secretary of State convenes and supervises the opening House session and leadership vote. Similarly, senators elect from the chamber a Senate President, convened and under the supervision of the governor. Since the adoption of the current Illinois Constitution in 1970, the Lieutenant Governor of Illinois does not serve in any legislative capacity as Senate President, and has had its office's powers transferred to other capacities.
Sessions and qualifications 
The General Assembly's first official working day is the second Monday of January each year, with the Secretary of State convening the House, and the Governor convening the Senate. In order to serve as a member in either chamber of the General Assembly, a person must be a U.S. citizen, at least 21 years of age, and for the two years preceding his election or appointment a resident of the district which they represent. In the general election following a redistricting, a candidate for any chamber of the General Assembly may be elected from any district which contains a part of the district in which he resided at the time of the redistricting and reelected if a resident of the new district he represents for 18 months prior to reelection.
Members of the General Assembly may not hold other public offices or receive appointments by the Governor, and their salaries may not be increased during their tenure.
Veto powers 
The General Assembly has the power to override gubernatorial vetoes through a three-fifths majority vote in each chamber. The governor has different types of veto like a full veto and a reduction veto. If the governor decides that the bill needs changes, he will ask for an amendatory veto.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Illinois General Assembly|
- Illinois General Assembly
- Illinois General Assembly at Ballotpedia
- Legislature of Illinois at Project Vote Smart
- Illinois campaign financing at FollowTheMoney.org