Illinois Route 13

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Illinois Route 13 marker

Illinois Route 13
Route information
Maintained by IDOT
Length: 151.54 mi[2] (243.88 km)
Existed: 1918[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: IL 157 / IL 163 in Centreville
  US 51 in Carbondale
I-57 in Marion
US 45 / IL 34 in Harrisburg
East end: KY 56 in Old Shawneetown
Location
Counties: St. Clair, Washington, Randolph, Perry, Jackson, Williamson, Saline, Gallatin
Highway system
Illinois State Highway System
US 12 US 14

Illinois Route 13 is a major east–west state route in southern Illinois. Illinois 13 has its western terminus at Centreville at Illinois Route 157 and its eastern terminus at the Kentucky state line and the Ohio River, at Kentucky Route 56. This is a distance of 151.54 miles (243.88 km).[2]

Route description[edit]

Illinois 13 runs southeast from the St. Louis, Missouri area to Carbondale. It is the main highway between these two cities.

Route 13 becomes the main east–west road through Carbondale, running from there to Marion and Harrisburg. Route 13 skirts the northern edge of the Shawnee Hills, and the Shawnee National Forest.

History[edit]

The state of Illinois was founded in 1818. One of its first governmental tasks was the construction of primitive dirt roads between the three pioneer villages of Cahokia, Kaskaskia, and Shawneetown. Illinois Route 13 is a distant descendant of most of the Cahokia-Shawneetown route, and has a claim to be one of the oldest state highways in Illinois.

Illinois Route 13 did not take its current physical form, though, until after the enactment of the Good Roads Movement paving program in 1918. The statewide plan standardized the alignment of this road and numbered it Illinois 13.

Except for a few alignment changes, Illinois 13 has remained the same since its inception in 1918. In 1937 it was rerouted around Sparta (now Illinois Route 4 and Illinois Route 154), replacing Illinois Route 152 in the process.

The other reroute took place between 1944 and 1947, when Illinois 13 took over a new highway (then called U.S. Route 460) in and around Belleville. The old route became Alternate Illinois 13. In 1947 it was moved back to Bond Avenue. Later, U.S. 460 would be dropped and replaced with Illinois Route 15.[1]

Bypassing Harrisburg[edit]

In October 2010, the first section of the Bill Franks Bypass[3] (named in 2011[4] for the founder of Arclar Coal Company and Franks Dialysis Center) opened on the north side of Harrisburg between Illinois Route 34 and U.S. 45. The remaining section west of Route 34, replacing Route 13's former route along busy Poplar Street, opened in April 2012.[5]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
St. Clair Centreville IL 157 south / IL 163 (Camp Jackson Road) West end of IL 157 overlap
IL 157 north East end of IL 157 overlap
Belleville IL 15 No access from IL 13 east to IL 15 west
IL 158 west (Centreville Avenue) to IL 15 West end of IL 158 overlap
IL 159 (Illinois Street)
IL 158 east / IL 177 east East end of IL 158 overlap
IL 15 north West end of IL 15 overlap; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Freeburg IL 15 east (Urbanna Drive) East end of IL 15 overlap
  IL 156 west
Marissa IL 4 north West end of IL 4 overlap
Randolph Tilden IL 4 south East end of IL 4 overlap
Coulterville IL 153 north West end of IL 153 overlap
IL 153 south East end of IL 153 overlap
Perry Pinckneyville IL 154 west West end of IL 154 overlap
IL 127 north (Main Street) / IL 154 east (Water Street) East end of IL 154 overlap; west end of IL 127 overlap
  IL 152 east
Jackson   IL 4 north
Murphysboro IL 149 east West end of IL 149 overlap
IL 127 south / IL 149 west (Walnut Street) East end of IL 127/IL 149 overlap
Carbondale US 51 (University Avenue, Illinois Avenue)
Williamson   IL 148
Marion I-57 – Cairo, Mt. Vernon
IL 37 (Court Street)
  IL 166 south
Saline Harrisburg IL 34 north (Main Street) West end of IL 34 overlap
US 45 / IL 34 south (Commercial Street) East end of IL 34 overlap
Gallatin Equality IL 142 north
  IL 1
Ohio River Shawneetown Bridge (free)
Union   KY 56 east Continuation into Kentucky
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Carlson, Rich. Illinois Highways Page: Routes 1 thru 20. Last updated March 15, 2005. Retrieved April 1, 2006.
  2. ^ a b Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2007). "T2 GIS Data". Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  3. ^ "New bypass opens in Harrisburg." The Southern Illinoisan, Oct. 19, 2010. Retrieved Sept. 8, 2013.
  4. ^ "Bill Franks Bypass dedicated." The Daily Register, Apr. 29, 2011. Retrieved Sept. 8, 2013.
  5. ^ "Monday opening planned for bypass." The Daily Register, Apr. 6, 2012. Retrieved Sept. 8, 2013.