Illinois Route 3

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Illinois Route 3 marker

Illinois Route 3
Route information
Maintained by IDOT
Length: 187.44 mi[2] (301.66 km)
Existed: 1918[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: I-57 / US 51 in Cairo
  I-255 / US 50 in Columbia
I-255 / US 50 in Cahokia
I-55 / I-64 / US 40 in East St. Louis
I-55 / I-64 / I-70 / US 40 in East St. Louis
I-270 in Granite City
US 67 in Alton
North end: IL 100 in Grafton
Location
Counties: Alexander, Union, Jackson, Randolph, Monroe, St. Clair, Madison, Jersey
Highway system
IL 2 IL 4

Illinois Route 3 is a major north–south arterial state highway in southwestern Illinois. It has its southern terminus at Cairo Junction (about 4 miles (6.4 km), or 7 km, north of Cairo) at the intersection of Interstate 57 and U.S. Route 51, and its northern terminus in Grafton at Illinois Route 100. This is a distance of 187.44 miles (301.66 km).[2]

Route description[edit]

Illinois 3 has 4 lanes from Waterloo to Godfrey, with a brief 6-lane stretch in Granite City around the River's Edge area (formerly the Army Depot of Granite City) and around Alton. It is 2 laned the majority of the southern part from Waterloo to Mound City around the Shawnee National Forest Area. It briefly overlaps Illinois Route 111 at Alton, Interstate 255 and U.S. Route 50, and Illinois Route 127 north of Cache.

Illinois 3 parallels the Mississippi River for the entire length of its journey, and carries the Illinois portion of the Great River Road for most of its length. South of St. Louis, Interstate 55 is its parallel on the west side of the river, along with U.S. Route 61. The road runs along many historical sites along the Mississippi River, and is the closest Illinois state highway to the old state capitol of Kaskaskia.

History[edit]

On August 4, 1976, the new Berm Highway from Wood River to Alton was opened.[3] It would be signed as IL Route 3, which left the old alignment on Lewis and Clark Blvd. and Broadway unmarked. However, on June 29, 1987, IDOT built the new Madison Avenue extension in Wood River and marked that road and the Berm Highway as IL 143[4] and "truncated" IL 3 at IL 143 (highway signage and IDOT planning maps suggested otherwise, however). This new terminus for Route 3 was short-lived, however.

On November 26, 1987, a new section of Homer M. Adams Parkway in Alton opened to traffic, and IL 3 was extended onto Lewis and Clark Blvd. (a former IL 3 alignment) back into Alton and onto the extension. IL 3 was then cosigned with IL 111 until the intersection with Godfrey Road, where IL 3 takes over the former IL 100 alignment.[5]

Original 1918 Route The original Illinois 3 route went from Cairo Junction in southern Illinois to Morrison in northwest Illinois via Rock Island. With the completion of highway bridges over the Mississippi River (e.g. Clark Bridge at Alton) U.S. Route 67 was extended from St. Louis to Godfrey and replacing the original Illinois 3 to Rock Island. Today, this route is still the major north–south corridor for western Illinois - and the only major Illinois north–south route never upgraded to the Interstate highway system (e.g. Interstates 57, 55, 39).

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Alexander Cairo
US 51 south / IL 37 north / Great River Road (National Route) south / Lincoln Heritage Trail (Southern Branch) south – Cairo, Mounds, National Cemetery
South end of US 51 / Great River Road / Lincoln Heritage Trail overlap
I-57 / US 51 north – Sikeston, MO, Mount Vernon North end of US 51 overlap; I-57 exit 1
  IL 127 north – Jonesboro, Mounds
Olive Branch Horseshoe Lake Conservation Area, Miller City
Thebes Thebes Road - Thebes, Thebes Historical Courthouse
McClure IL 146 west – Cape Girardeau South end of IL 146 overlap
Union Ware IL 146 east / Lincoln Heritage Trail (Southern Branch) spur – Jonesboro, Lincoln-Douglas Debate Site North end of IL 146 overlap
Jackson Grand Tower
Great River Road spur north (Grand Tower Road) – River Access, Devils Backbone Park, Business District
 
Great River Road spur south (Power Plant Road) – River Access, Devils Backbone Park
  Gorham Road - Gorham, Neunert, Jacob
  Town Creek Road - Sandridge, Little Grand Canyon
  IL 149 east – Murphysboro, Carbondale, Lake Murphysboro State Park
  IL 151 north – Lake Kinkaid, Ava, Johnson Creek Recreational Area
Randolph  
Great River Road (National Route) north (Truck Bypass) – River Bridge
North end of Great River Road overlap
Chester IL 150 west (State Street) – River Bridge, Penitentiary South end of IL 150 overlap
IL 150 east (State Street) – Steeleville North end of IL 150 overlap
Evergreen Cemetery, Governor Bond State Memorial south end of Great River Road spur overlap
Great River Road south (River Bridge Spur / Truck Bypass) – River Bridge, Penitentiary North end of Great River Road spur overlap; south end of Great River Road overlap
 
Great River Road spur (Shawneetown Trail) – Fort Kaskaskia Historic Site, Pierre Menard Home, Randolph County Conservation Area
  Roots Road - River Ferry, Modoc, Kaskaskia Lock and Dam, Fort de Chartres Historic Site
Evansville Evansville Road - Evansville
Ruma
IL 155 west / Lincoln Heritage Trail (Southern Branch) north / Great River Road spur – Prairie du Rocher, Fort de Chartres Historic Site, River Ferry
North end of Lincoln Heritage Trail overlap
Red Bud IL 154 east (Market Street) / IL 159 north (Main Street) – Belleville, Sparta
Monroe   Kaskaskia Road - Burnsville, Renault, Illinois Caverns State Natural Area
Waterloo IL 156 (Park Street) – Fairgrounds, Hartburg, Maeystown, Valmeyer
Columbia IL 158 east – Belleville Interchange
Quarry Road / Palmer Road Interchange; south end of freeway
I-255 south / US 50 west (J.B. Bridge) – St. Louis County, Memphis, Tulsa South end of I-255 / US 50 overlap; IL 3 south follows exit 6
St. Clair Dupo Dupo I-255 exit 9
I-255 north / US 50 east – Chicago North end of I-255 / US 50 overlap; IL 3 north follows exit 10
Stolle Road – Dupo, Martin Boismenue House North end of freeway
Cahokia IL 157 north (Camp Jackson Road) – Jarrot Mansion, Holy Family Church
East St. Louis Eighth Street South end of freeway
I-55 south / I-64 west / US 40 west to I-70 west – St. Louis South end of I-55 / I-64 / US 40 overlap; IL 3 south follows exit 1
13th Street / Tudor Avenue Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Barack Obama Avenue – East St. Louis Business District Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Third Street – Eads Bridge Southbound exit and northbound entrance; I-55 exit 2A
M.L. King Bridge – Downtown St. Louis Southbound exit and northbound entrance; I-55 exits 2B and 2C
I-55 north / I-70 east / US 40 east / Great River Road north – Chicago, Indianapolis North end of I-55 / US 40 / Great River Road overlap; IL 3 north follows exit 2
I-64 east – Louisville North end of I-64 overlap; IL 3 north follows exit 4
Fairmont City (National City) To I-70
Madison Venice McKinley Bridge - St. Louis
Granite City Historic US 66 east (Chain of Rocks Road) South end of Historic US 66 overlap
I-270 / Great River Road south / Historic US 66 west – St. Charles, Effingham I-270 exit 3; north end of Historic US 66 overlap; south end of Great River Road overlap
Hartford
Great River Road spur (New Poag Road) – Lewis and Clark Historic Site, SIUE Campus
South end of Meeting of the Great Rivers overlap
Wood River IL 143 / Great River Road north / Meeting of the Great Rivers north – Alton Riverfront, Alton, Wood River, Business District North end of Great River Road / Meeting of the Great Rivers overlap
East Alton St. Louis Avenue - East Alton
Alton Broadway
IL 111 south / IL 140 (College Avenue) – Bethalto Interchange; south end of IL 111 overlap
Godfrey IL 111 north (Godfrey Road) to US 67 / State Street – Clark Bridge, Lewis and Clark Community College, Jacksonville North end of IL 111 overlap
Jersey   IL 109 north – Jerseyville
Grafton IL 100 / Great River Road / Meeting of the Great Rivers
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Carlson, Rick. Illinois State Highways Page: Routes 1 through 20. Last updated March 15, 2006. Retrieved March 24, 2006.
  2. ^ a b Illinois Technology Transfer Center (2007). "T2 GIS Data". Retrieved 2007-11-08. 
  3. ^ Alton Telegraph, August 4, 1976
  4. ^ Alton Telegraph, June 30, 1987
  5. ^ Alton Telegraph, November 26, 1987