IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth
|IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth|
|Attraction type||Fireworks, laser, water, fire, and light show|
|Theme||Story of Earth/New Millennium (2000) Celebration|
|Site area||21,120 sq ft (1,962 m2)|
|Propulsion||Conventional fireworks with limited additional Air Launch Fireworks technology|
General Electric (1999-2003)
IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth is a night time show performed nightly at Epcot at the Walt Disney World Resort near Orlando, Florida. The show utilizes fireworks, pyrotechnics, laser lights, fountains, and fire to create a visual production on the park's World Showcase Lagoon. It premiered on October 1, 1999 as IllumiNations 2000: Reflections of Earth as part of the Walt Disney World Millennium Celebration; it was so successful that after the celebration ended the 2000 was dropped from the name and the show was continued. The show is currently sponsored by Siemens, and has received several awards throughout the years including 10 straight Best Outdoor Night Production Show Golden Ticket Awards (2005-2014).
- 1 Show order
- 2 Show technologies
- 3 Special editions
- 4 Soundtrack
- 5 Notes
- 6 Show facts
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Before the show begins, a 30-minute music loop is played around the lagoon. The first loop played from the show's premiere through 2004, while the 2nd one ran from 2004 to 2012, after which time the first loop was reinstated.
1999-2004, 2013–present Music Loop
- They Were Dancing Barefoot-Yehuda Poliker
- Superwasp/Along The Coast Of Norway/Neckbuster -Seelyhoo
- Native Funk-Burning Sky
- Flute Battle-Cusco
- The Concertina Set-Bùrach
- 30-års Jiggen (Thirty-Year Jig)-Väsen
- Inca Dance-Cusco
- Appalachian Morning-John Williams & The Boston Pops
2004–2012 Music Loop
- Jalan Kopo - Sabah Habas Mustapha
- Our Life - Uttara-Kuru
- Busindre Reel - Hevia
- Gaviotes - Hevia
- Tula - Cusco
- Falling through a Cloud - Uttara-Kuru
- Bear - Hedningarna
- Red Skies - Omar Faruk Tekbilek
- Texas - Wimme
Torches are lit around the lagoon. The beginning of the show is narrated by Jim Cummings:
Good evening. On behalf of Walt Disney World, the place where dreams come true, we welcome all of you to Epcot and World Showcase. We've gathered here tonight around the fire, as people of all lands have gathered for thousands and thousands of years before us, to share the light and to share a story -- an amazing story, as old as time itself, but still being written. And though each of us has our own individual stories to tell, a true adventure emerges when we bring them all together as one. We hope you enjoy our story tonight: Reflections of Earth.
Immediately following the introductory message there is the sound of a flame being gently blown out and lighting is immediately dimmed throughout the lagoon as well as lighting on Spaceship Earth. We hear the sound of a bass drum beating slowly at first, then faster, followed by the first blast of fireworks shooting across the lagoon.
Act I: Chaos
Chaos represents the creation of the planet Earth from a cosmic event. The show begins with explosive fireworks from the center lagoon and hot flames from the Inferno Barge.
This part of the show is characterized as violent, dangerous, disorganized.
Act II: Order
The spouting flames from the Flame Barge are reduced to a low sputter, and the Earth Globe appears and moves towards the center of the lagoon accompanied with water effects emanating from the fountain barges. As the Earth cools, it changes from hot white to red to blue. Images appear on the Globe of countries, famous landmarks, objects, and people. The exterior buildings of the countries around the lagoon are illuminated followed by laser lights, spot lights, and more fireworks in the center lagoon. The scene includes high-launch fireworks.
This section of the show is described as even, balanced and symmetrical. In fact, each effect during this portion of the show is done as a group of four. 
Act III: Meaning
As the song "We Go On" is played, the torches around the lagoon are re-lit and the Earth Globe opens revealing a final unity torch with emanating fireworks followed by a launch of 1,000 white fireworks brightly illuminating the lagoon. The scene concludes with a final launch of fireworks and a set of bright white flashes that end with a loud crackle. The finale crackle emanating from the final launch set of fireworks can often be heard within several miles outside of the park.
The performance concludes with the post-show announcement:
Ladies and gentlemen, the entire Epcot family thanks you for having been with us for 'Illuminations: Reflections of Earth', presented by Siemens. We hope that your visit to the Walt Disney World Resort has been a truly magical experience for you and yours. Thank you and good night. And we you wish a safe and pleasant journey home.
The song "Promise" plays directly after this, which is then followed by the Tapestry of Nations parade sound track. As the music plays, the continents are laser-projected onto Spaceship Earth, making it appear as a spinning globe.
The Earth Globe
The centerpiece of the show is the Earth Globe, a 28-foot (8.5 m) diameter globe housed on a 350 ton barge. The world's first spherical video display system, the globe is wrapped in 15,600 LED clusters, each consisting of 12 light-emitting diodes. The Earth Globe starts its journey from the edge of the World Showcase Lagoon, a 40-acre (160,000 m2) man-made lake in Epcot, before anchoring itself in the middle of the lagoon. The Globe is 28 feet (8.5 m) in diameter and sits on top of a 10-foot pedestal. It contains 258 FlashWorks mini strobe lights (43 per petal) and is controlled by 6 computer processors. This is the only barge in the show with a driver on board, who uses an infrared guidance system. The Earth Globe is considered to be the most complicated piece of show action equipment ever made by Disney.
Jerold Kaplan of Walt Disney Imagineering designed and engineered the Earth Globe and supporting barge. The detailed engineering for the barge and its propulsion and control systems were provided by Glowacki Engineering of Orange Park, FL. The Earth Globe Barge was built by Sun State Marine Services in Green Cove Springs, FL and was delivered in four major components which were assembled on site. The LED video display is run by a Pentium II server running Microsoft Windows 95/8 using a Serial ATA drive. There are two servers constantly running the same programs at the same time for fail-safe support. If one goes down, they can instantly switch to the other server which presumably will still be running. The video control software, written by Derek Brown for Hitech Electronic Displays of Clearwater, Florida, communicates with on-board PLCs using two interfaces. The serial interface is used to receive the 4 character command codes separated by spaces to signify the end of each command. The NIDAQ (National Instrument Data Acquisition) card is used to provide status back to the PLCs. There are 8 optically isolated status channels. One channel is used to provide a heartbeat signal to tell the PLC that the software is on and functioning. The file formats are uncompressed AVIs passed through a masking filter to put the pixels in the spots for the countries.
During the first two minutes of the show, the Earth globe's LED screens are off. It is brown in color, but invisible in the thick black of the night. The Earth Globe's LED screens turn on in part two of the show, showing imagery of the natural world and iconic man-made structures. Slightly fewer than 300 pictures appear on the Globe's spherical video screen during the show. Century III, an Orlando area film company, edited the video portion of the show. The pictures came from the stock libraries of Image Bank, National Geographic and Archive Films, some custom-shot live footage, and a single 3-D graphic animation shot. At the end of the show, the Earth Globe blossoms like a flower, revealing a flame torch that rises 40 feet above the lagoon. When the show ends, the fires on 19 of the torches keep burning, but the Earth Globe's torch is put out.
In the summer of 2008, the show ran a shortened, modified version in order for the Earth Globe to be refurbished. The refurbishment was to install a new LED video system, improving the clarity of the video. The content of the video was not changed.
The Inferno Barge
The Inferno Barge is a 150,000-pound barge with a liquid-propane system on-board that sends balls of fire soaring 40 to 60 feet (12 to 18 m) into the air and on to the surface of the lagoon from 37 nozzles. 400 gallons of propane are used every night for the show.
The Inferno Barge also houses an air-launch fireworks system. On September 19, 2005, the Inferno Barge was pulled from the show due to the explosion of a firework still inside its mortar tube earlier in the day. The structure took heavy damage; fortunately, no one was injured. The Inferno Barge returned to service on February 1, 2006 without the air launch system on the barge, although the cause of the accident was the firework shell itself and not the air launch system. The shells previously fired from this barge were moved and fired from the center slip. In February 2009 the inferno barge was pulled from the show and underwent a scheduled rehab. It returned on March 10, 2009.
Walt Disney Entertainment created a new way of launching fireworks by using a compressed air system, instead of black powder, which pollutes more and causes the trail of an igniting firework shell to be seen. The compressed air technology allows for explosions to be timed perfectly with the music and for the desired height of the shell to be reached. Not all the shells use the ALF (Air Launch Fireworks) technology. A timing chip is inserted into the shell and can be programmed to ignite and explode with precision. Eric Tucker, an award-winning pyrotechnics designer, was brought on board to design new fireworks effects. Eric and show director Don Dorsey traveled to China, the birthplace of fireworks, to meet with fireworks manufacturers to create these new dazzling effects. 750 individual mortar tubes are used during each show, inside one of the 56 firing modules at 34 locations around the lagoon, producing 2,120 visible effects. During the holiday season, two more barges are added and an additional 455 pieces are fired, producing 818 more visible effects.
Full color laser systems are used in the show, emanating from the American Adventure, Canada and Mexico pavilions. The projectors can launch laser light into the air as beams, as well as scan patterns and images. There are also bounce mirrors scattered around the park on various islands and rooftops, to further encapsulate the park in laser light. In late November 2014, the show's laser programming underwent a major overhaul which saw the introduction of new state of art lasers, featuring new patterns; colors; and the addition of laser projectors installed on the islands in World Showcase lagoon. The FAA requires the user of any outdoor laser system to obtain advance permission and to contact local airports prior to use. Consequently, Orlando International Airport is notified by "Mexico Control" every night fifteen minutes before the show begins so that air traffic can be advised accordingly. Some pilots passing over the resort have used this call to announce to their passengers that they may get a glimpse of IllumiNations out of their window; however it is rare.
On December 8, 2014, it was announced that the lasers had been switched from ion lasers to solid-state lasers. This saves approximately 64,000 watts of energy per show. It also means that the laser will no longer need a water cooling system, which also reduced water consumption by thousands of gallons.
A ring of eight programmable moving searchlights called Syncrolites are used. The fixtures have dousers to control brightness, and are equipped with a color scroller with 14 different colors, including the four colors selected specifically for the show: Lavender, Mint, Pumpkin, and Lagoon. As of December, 2011, a transition to new firework product began. The new product is more environmentally friendly, however they can not create the original four colors of the show. Instead, standard colors (Orange, Green, Magenta, and Yellow) replaced Lavender, Mint, Pumpkin, and Lagoon Blue. The color scrollers were fitted with new colors to match the product change. These lights can be programmed to highlight pavilions, illuminate the smoke from fireworks above the lagoon, or just make interesting patterns in the sky as they cross each other and move.
There are four fountain barges (a.k.a. "Maxi Barges") that have 26 water nozzles per barge (17 vertical fountains, and 9 "Fleur" fountains) which are fanned out. There is also an effect that creates a "skirt" of water around the bottom. A lighting system on-board allows the water to be displayed in different colors. Each barge pumps approximately 4,000 gallons of water per minute. These barges carry pyrotechnics as well.
19 Torches surround World Showcase Lagoon, each representing a century completed of the last millennium. The 20th torch, representing the 20th century and called the Unity Torch, is revealed when the Globe blossoms into a Lotus Flower, and the Unity Torch rises from its center. The Unity Torch represents the world coming together to celebrate the gift of life and the land that we have been granted as a whole. The torches also symbolize the significance of fire to humanity as an element that unites cultures over time, as well as its significance to the Earth, as is alluded to in the show's prologue.
The control booth for the show is located above the Mexico Pavilion. It houses emergency stop controls, and communication controls to each barge using wireless ethernet, and headset communication to the Globe barge driver. All barges are wired with multi-core cables, and most functions within these cables have a redundant wireless backup. Show audio and announcements also originate from the booth.
During the holiday season, after the regular finale there is a special Holiday finale tag originally from Holiday IllumiNations following the regular production. Immediately after the regular finale a female announcer announces; "And now, at this special time, as we embrace a promise of a new year, we would like to offer one final message." The song "Let There Be Peace On Earth" is played as the Earth Barge closes. Afterward, there were messages of "Peace on Earth, good will to men" in several languages. When a language is spoken, the pavilion lights up. When the American pavilion lights up, Walter Cronkite then says,
During this glorious time of year there is one message that rings out around the world in every language. Peace on earth. Good will to men is a wish to hold in our hearts throughout each passing year. A gift of immeasurable value. A treasure being handed down with care, from generation to generation. And so our holiday wish is that everyone, everywhere share in the spirit of the season. Peace on earth, good will to men.
The song continues with an uninterrupted firework display, ending with a loud explosion of fireworks. This tag launches just as many pyrotechnic devices as IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth does.
Fourth of July
The show is shown around 10:00 PM and after the show, the song Yankee Doodle plays and fireworks shoot up from the roof and back of the American Adventure Pavilion. More fireworks in the lagoon are synchronized as if fireworks were marching along with the drumbeat. Then Stars and Stripes Forever plays. The Earth Barge displays images of American independence during a flute solo. Then a barrage of fireworks during the finale, which creates a smokescreen and as the music ends, the smoke has been cleared out. And the show ends. The style was altered in 2006 as selected songs were played for the 230th & 231st year of US independence. At the end, the song The Battle Hymn of the Republic was heard, the American pavilion lights up as fireworks shoot up from the back of the American pavilion. Just before the end of the tag, hundreds of fireworks shoot up in the lagoon as the show ends. Just as the crowds exit, God Bless the USA is played, the American pavilion is outlined, and the Earth Barge displays the US flag. The laser projection in the US pavilion (projecting to Spaceship Earth) displays "Happy Birthday America: Celebrating (number) Years of Freedom". More than 2000 shells are launched from 32 barges for the latest version of this tag.
New Year's Eve Countdown Edition
Every December 31, a special New Year's Eve countdown show occurs normally beginning at 11:40 PM. The show begins with the original show production and is then immediately followed by a special countdown show. Highlights of New Years celebrated in individual countries begins the show; the Asian pavilions (Japan and China) go first, followed by those in Europe (Italy, Norway, France, Germany), after that, the countries of those in the GMT time zone (Morocco and the United Kingdom). During the presentation, fireworks shoot from the back of each pavilion accompanied with custom celebration music from each country. The official countdown begins at 10 seconds before midnight with the North American nations (United States, Canada, Mexico). The count down is initiated with a dong (which originates from the American pavilion) and leads to the massive celebratory firework display at 12:00 midnight including a 360 degree launch of fireworks around the World Showcase lagoon. The song Auld Lang Syne plays as spectators cheer and watch the massive firework display. This tag uses double the amount of fireworks that are launched in IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth. A male announcer concludes the show wishing guests a happy New Year and reminds guests of extended park hours for the New Year's Eve celebration.
Epcot's 25th Anniversary Special Edition
On October 1, 2007, a four-minute long, one-day only tag commemorating Epcot's 25th Silver Anniversary followed IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth. The tag used the "World War III Barges" and was said have to tripled the amount of fireworks launched. At the end of the regular show a male voice-over was heard saying, "And now in honor of Epcot's 25th Anniversary we celebrate our history and look to the future. We've just begun to dream." Once the music began, select segments of classic Epcot music were played including We've Just Begun to Dream, Tapestry of Nations and Tapestry of Dreams. After the show, the retro music loop played throughout the park that day began to play, beginning with New Horizons. Due to the extra amount of fireworks used for the special tag, it took much longer than normal to move the firework barges off of the lagoon which resulted in a Burn-Off after midnight.
Epcot's 30th Anniversary Special Edition
On October 1, 2012, a four-minute long, one-day only tag commemorating Epcot's 30th Anniversary followed immediately after the standard IllumiNations show. The show was followed by playback of music from Epcot's early days accompanied by laser generated wording on Spaceship Earth noting the celebratory occasion. Ten extra barges were used during this show.
Gavin Greenaway is the composer for IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth. Greenaway's colleague Hans Zimmer, composer of The Lion King, asked Greenaway to take on the project because he was busy with other projects. Zimmer collaborated with Greenaway in the beginning of the process. The score from "Reflections of Earth" was used for ABC 2000 Today, ABC Television's 25-hour-long program that followed the beginning of 2000 around the globe on December 31, 1999/January 1, 2000. ABC also used a modified version for their program ABC 2002 on December 31, 2001/January 1, 2002. Finally, ABC News used a version of the theme for their televised election coverage throughout 2000 and 2004. Most of the score (excluding the Chaos section and the start of We Go On) was used in a laser light show at the 2005 National Scout Jamboree at Fort A.P. Hill. The Chaos section was used in the October 4, 2008 fireworks celebration of the 250th anniversary of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ABC also used the music during coverage of the Presidential Inauguration of Barack Obama on January 20, 2009. Parts of the score are also used in the video "Welcome: Portraits of America", displayed in the Customs and Border Protection checkpoints in most US airports.
"Reflections of Earth" (Working title: "Earth 2000")
- Executive music producer: Steve Skorija
- Music score composed, produced, and conducted by Gavin Greenaway
- Show and music director: Don Dorsey
- Recorded and mixed by Alan Meyerson
- Music supervisor: Dan Savant
- Music preparation: Express Music Services
- Music editor: Michael Atwell
- Music contractor: Isobel Griffiths Ltd
- Music contractor / composer: Nick Paul
- Music recorded: at Abbey Road Studios by members of the London Session Orchestra, possibly including some players from the London Symphony Orchestra and the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
- Music mixed at Media Ventures
- Music coordination by Savant Productions
- Video project manager for Century III and editor for the Earth Globe visuals: Oliver Peters
"We Go On"
- Executive music producer: Steve Skorija
- Music score composed, produced, and conducted by Gavin Greenaway
- Lyrics: Don Dorsey
- Recorded and mixed by Alan Meyerson
- Music supervisor: Dan Savant
- Vocal solo: Kellie Coffey
View pictures of the show taken by creator Don Dorsey at his website: Don Dorsey Productions
The complete show soundtrack can be found on these releases:
- Walt Disney World Millennium Celebration (1999)
- There was also a shortened version of the show soundtrack on a promotional CD included with Energizer batteries purchased in 2000.
- Re-released in 2001 as Illuminations: Reflections of Earth / Tapestry of Dreams (2001), containing one less track than the 1999 release.
Good evening. On behalf of Walt Disney World, the place where dreams come true, we welcome all of you to Epcot and World Showcase. We've gathered here tonight around the fire as people of all lands have gathered for thousands and thousands of years before us... to share the light... and to share a story. An amazing story as old as time itself, but still being written. And though each of us has our own individual stories to tell, a true adventure emerges when we bring them all together as one. We hope you enjoy our story tonight: Reflections of Earth.
The original narration substituted the first two sentences with "Good evening and welcome" but was changed for the Year of a Million Dreams.
Mary Thompson Hunt was the female voice who did the pre-show announcements stating that the show will be starting shortly. In recent years, the voice has been changed to that of Bill Rogers, the voice behind most of the announcements at Walt Disney World Resort.
- IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth was originally named IllumiNations 2000: Reflections of Earth for the Millennium Celebration that took place from October 1, 1999 to January 1, 2001. The show was so popular that its run was extended, and the "2000" was dropped from the title.
- IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth replaced IllumiNations 25 (B).
- The show lasts about 12 minutes.
- The music was recorded with a 71-piece philharmonic orchestra and a 30-voice chorus.
- The show was produced by longtime Disney entertainment executive Ron Logan. Ron commissioned Don Dorsey to create the show.
- Footage of the now-defunct Tapestry of Nations parade can be seen on the globe towards the end of the show prior to We Go On.
- Since the buildings of the Morocco Pavilion are replicas of buildings that have great religious significance, the lights on the pavilion do not light up during IllumiNations. In order to keep symmetry, the Norway Pavilion does not light up either.
- The 13-minute show requires 67 computers in 40 locations, hundreds of special lighting fixtures, four fountain barges pumping 5,000 gallons per minute, a 150,000-pound inferno barge with 37 nozzles shooting propane flames into the air, and lasers delivering a kaleidoscope of colors.
- Previous show: IllumiNations (98)
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- Mirarchi, Chuck. "Back to the Future â€" Illuminations: Reflections of Earth". wdwinfo.com. Retrieved 28 October 2014.
- Earth Barge returns to Reflections of Earth with new LED display system
- "Illuminations at Epcot Features New Environmentally Friendly Lasers". aboutwaltdisneyworldresort.com. Disney Parks. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
- "Disney Donates ‘Welcome: Portraits of America’ Video to CBP Model Airport Project". 2009-06-23. Retrieved 2011-11-07.
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- Siemens 2005. "Siemens will sponsor several rides and attractions at Walt Disney World Resort including ... the nighttime Epcot fireworks show, “Illuminations: Reflections of Earth,”" http://www.sylvania.com/AboutUs/Pressxpress/Innovation/LightingNews%28US%29/USLIGHTINGNEWS0106.htm
- Siemens 2006. "Siemens will sponsor several rides and attractions at Walt Disney World Resort including ... the nighttime Epcot fireworks show, “Illuminations: Reflections of Earth,”" http://www.sea.siemens.com/automat/GOAmerica/Archive/2006%20March.pdf
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth.|
- Walt Disney World Resort - IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth
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- Guide2WDW profile of IllumiNations: Reflections of Earth