Illustrators of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

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Alice in Wonderland

Alice by Arthur Rackham
Alice by Blanche McManus
Alice by Peter Newell


The illustrators of the Alice books have, over the years, been many. The focus here is on British editions but some notable other English Language editions are included. This is an attempt to list all the major illustrators of the Alice books from 1899 to 2011. In the main British editions are shown but where there are other publications of note these are also given.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland was first published in 1865 but it was withdrawn as the illustrator, John Tenniel was not happy with the quality of the printing. The text blocks were sent to America where they were bound with a new title page and sold there. Up to 1907 Macmillan held the exclusive copyright of 'Alice's Adventures' in Britain and the Colonies. ('Through the Looking-Glass' copyright did not run out until 1948). When the copyright ran out many publishers took the opportunity to issue the Alice book with new illustrations and around 20 editions appeared in the following two years alone. The first artist, other than Tenniel, to produce illustrations for 'Alice' was Beatrix Potter in the 1890s, she created 6 illustrations but none appeared in book form.

In America, until 1891, publishers could reprint British books without the copyright restraint but from that date they had to get the agreement of the UK publishers and authors. As a result several US publishing houses issued copies of the Alice books with Tenniel illustrations. McManus was the first to attempt the task of providing new illustrations for the books in 1899.

  • Blanche McManus, Mansfield & Wessels published 'Wonderland' in 1899, the first American edition with new illustrations. Both Alice books were published in a combined edition by them in 1900
  • Peter Newell, Alice published by Harper USA in 1901 & Looking-Glass in 1902
  • Maria L Kirk (& John Tenniel) Published by Stokes USA in 1904
  • Bessie Pease Gutmann, Alice 1st published by Dodge USA in 1907 & Looking-Glass in1909. The 1st UK edition was by Milne in 1908.
  • Thomas Maybank, Published by Routledge in c1907/8
  • Millicent Sowerby, Published by Chatto & Windus in 1907.
  • Arthur Rackham, Published by Heinemann in 1907 in a Limited edition of 1.130 copies, a trade edition in a smaller format was also issued.
  • Charles Robinson, Published by Cassell in 1907.
  • W H Walker, Published by John Lane in 1907. There are around five different binding variants of the first dition including; leather, suede, blue cloth and paper-covered boards
  • Brinsley Le Fanu, Published by Benn in c1907 in one volume.
  • R. E. McEune, Published by Milner & Co in c1907.
  • Alice Ross Published by Nimmo, Hay & Mitchell - Undated c1907
  • T H Robinson & Charles Pears Published by Collins in 1908.
  • Harry Rountree Published by Nelson in 1908. There was also a new edition published by Collins in 1928 with new illustrations by Rountree.
  • Walter Hawes Published by Scott in 1908
  • (Evelyn) Stuart Hardy Published by John F Shaw in c1908.There are 8 illustrations but within 2 issues of the book (4 in one and a different 4 in another)
  • Mabel Lucie Attwell Published by Raphael Tuck in 1910
  • George Soper Published by Headley 1911
  • Frank Adams Published by Blackie in 1912
  • Alice B Woodward Published by Bell in 1913
  • Gordon Robinson Published by Kelly in 1916
  • Margaret W Tarrant Published by Ward Lock in 1916
  • A E Jackson Published by Milford in 1915
  • Millicent Sowerby Published by Hodder & Stoughton in 1913, this is a new set of illustrations (see 1907)
  • Charles Folkard Published by Black in 1921, these are the poems from the Alice books set to music by Lucy E Broadwood.
  • A L Bowley Published by Tuck in 1921.
  • Gwynedd M Hudson Published by Hodder & Stoughton in 1922 in a limited edition.
  • Dudley Jarrett Published by Readers Library undated (c1924)
  • Hume Henderson Published by Readers Library undated (c1928)
  • Jessie M King (cover) Winifred M Ackroyd (black & White illustrations)Charles Pears (Colour frontis & title page)Published by Collins in c1928
  • Helen Monro Published by Nelson in 1932
  • J Morton Sale Published by Wm Clowes c1933
  • D R Sexton Published by Shaw in 1933
  • M. L. Clements Published by Hutchinson in c1936
  • Honor C Appleton Published by Harrap in 1936
  • A H Watson Published by Collins in 1939
  • Irene Mountford Published by Collins in 1939. Includes stills from the Paramount Film.
  • Gil Dyer Published by Foulsham in c1939
  • Rene Cloke Alice published by Gawthorne in 1943 and Looking-Glass in 1950
  • Anthony Rado Published by Cornelius c1944
  • Robert Hogfeldt Published by Forlag, Sweden in 1945
  • Harry Riley Published by Arthur Barron in 1945
  • Mervyn Peake First published by Zephyr Sweden in 1946 and then by Wingate, London in 1954
  • Eileen Soper Published by Harrap in 1947
  • Hugh Gee & John Tenniel Published by Max Parrish in 1948 with 16 scenes by Gee
  • Philip Gough Published by Heirloom in 1949
  • G W Backhouse Published by Collins in 1951
  • Maraja. Alice published by W H Allen in 1957 & Looking-Glass in 1959
  • Patricia Morris Published by Beaverbrook in c1960
  • Pauline Baynes Published by Blackie in c1960
  • David Walsh & John Cooper Published by Ward Lock in 1962
  • Ralph Steadman Alice published by Dobson in 1967 & Looking-Glass published by MacGibbon & Kee in 1972
  • Janet & Anne Grahame Johnstone Published by World Distribution in 1968
  • Salvador Dalí Published by Maecenas Press New York in 1969
  • Kuniyoshi Kaneko Published by Olivette in 1974
  • Moritz Kennel Published by Phaidon in 1975
  • Barry Moser Alice published in a limited edition by Pennyroyal in 1982 & Looking-Glass the same year
  • Justin Todd. Alice published by Gollancz in 1984 & Looking-glass in 1986
  • Anthony Browne (author) Published by MacRae in 1985
  • Peter Weevers Published by Hutchinson in 1989
  • Malcolm Ashman Looking-glass published by Dragon's World in 1989 and Alice in 1990
  • Helen Oxenbury Alice published by Walker in a signed limited edition in 1999 & Looking-Glass in 2005.
  • Lisbeth Zwerger Published by North-South Books in 1999
  • Peter Blake (artist) Looking-Glass only; published in a signed limited edition by D3 Editions in 2004.
  • Michael Foreman (author/illustrator) Published by Sterling in 2004
  • John Vernon Lord Published in a limited edition by Artist's Choice in 2009 and Looking-glass in 2011
  • Tove Jansson English language edition was published in 1977 by Delacorte Press New York. The first UK edition was published by Tate Publishing in 2011.


References[edit]

  • The Book and Magazine Collector, February 2009, No. 304.
  • Williams, Sidney Herbert (1979). The Lewis Carroll Handbook. Folkestone Dawson. 

External links[edit]