Ilocano people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Antonio luna small.jpg
Luna 1899.png
GabrielaSilangbyCarlito Rovira.gif
Ferdinand Marcos.JPEG
Bongbong Marcos.jpg
Imee Marcos - August 2013.jpg
Elpidio R Quirino.jpg
Senate President Juan Ponce Enrile.jpg
Quintin Paredes.JPG
Fabian Ver.jpg
Vice Ganda in Toronto 2014 02.jpg
Maja Salvador at the Star Magic Tour, April 2011.jpg
Anne Curtis (2009).jpg
Georgina Wilson endorsing Garnier at Trinoma, October 2012.jpg
Total population
(10.1% of the Philippine population)
Regions with significant populations
(Ilocos Region, Cordillera, Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, Metro Manila)
 United States
(Hawaii, California)
Ilocano, Cebuano (in Mindanao), Filipino, English
Predominantly Roman Catholic,
Aglipayan minority, Protestantism,Iglesia ni Cristo
Related ethnic groups
Ibanag, Ivatan, Kapampangan, Pangasinan,
other Filipino peoples,
other Austronesian peoples

The Ilocano or Ilokano people are the third largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.


Aside from being referred to as Ilocanos (from "i" – 'from', and "looc" – 'bay'), they also identify as Samtoy, from the Ilocano phrase "sao mi ditoy", meaning 'our language origin'. The word "Ilocano" came from the word "Iloco" or "Yloco." means "From The Bay" just like "Tagalog" (from "Taga" – 'from', and "Ilog" – 'River'), and also known as one of the first ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines.

Ethnic homeland[edit]

Main article: Ilocandia
Provinces where Ilocano people are the largest ethnic group are shown in green.

Ilocandia is the term given to the traditional homeland of the Ilocano people. From the original western strip of Northern Luzon, Ilocandia has spread throughout the Cagayan Valley and some parts of Central Luzon.


Ilocanos number about 9,136,000.[citation needed] A few Ilocanos living in the Cordilleras have some Cordillerano blood.


Ilocanos speak Iloko, which is part of the Northern Philippine subgroup of the Austronesian family of languages. They also speak Cebuano (in Mindanao), Tagalog, and English as second languages.


Most Ilocanos are Roman Catholics, while a significant number[quantify] belong to the Aglipayan Church, which originated in Ilocos Norte.[1][2]


Many Filipino Americans are of Ilocano descent. They make up 85% of the Filipino-American population in Hawaii.


The Austronesian ancestors of the present-day Ilocanos came to the Philippines through bilogs, or outrigger boats during the Iron Age.

Spanish Era to the Philippine Republic[edit]

In 1572, Juan de Salcedo arrived to the town of Bauang.


The mounting population pressure due to the substantial population density during the mid-19th century caused the migration of the Ilocanos out of their historic homeland. By 1903, more than 290,000 Ilocanos migrated to Central Luzon, Cagayan Valley, and Metro Manila. More than 180,000 moved to Pangasinan, Tarlac, and Nueva Ecija. Almost 50,000 moved to Cagayan Valley; half of them resided in Isabela. Around 47,000 lived in Zambales and the Sultan Kudarat more than 11,000

The Ilocano Diaspora continued in 1906 when Ilocanos started to migrate to Hawaii and California. Ilocanos composed the largest number of expatriates in the United States, though most are bilingual with Tagalog. There is a significant Ilocano community in Hawaii, in which they make up more than 85% of the Filipino population there.[3]

Later migrations brought Ilocanos to the Cordilleras, Aurora, Mindoro, Palawan, and Mindanao provinces of Sultan Kudarat, North Cotabato, and South Cotabato.


Pinakbet, one of the staples of the Ilocano diet.

Ilocanos boast of a somewhat healthy diet heavy in boiled or steamed vegetables and freshwater fish, but are particularly fond of dishes flavored with [1]bagoong, fermented fish that is often used instead of salt. Ilocanos often season boiled vegetables with bagoong monamon (fermented anchovy paste) to produce pinakbet. Local specialties include the "abuos," soft white larvae of ants, and "jumping salad" or tiny, live shrimp with kalamansi juice.


One of the most well-known Ilocano literary works written in Iloco is the Biag ni Lam-ang (The Life of Lam-Ang), an epic poem about the fantastic life and escapades of an Ilocano hero named Lam-ang. The ilocano writer Elizabeth Medina is probably the most remarkable living ilocano writer in Spanish language.

Notable Ilocanos[edit]

Philippine nationals of Ilocano ancestry[edit]


  • [Apolinario Querubin]-Revolutionary Officer
  • [Ariel Querubin]- Member of PMA Class 1979 and Medal of Valor Recipient, said to be the most decorated officer in Philippine military history.
  • [Estrella "Star" Singson Querubin]- Lawyer, former councilor of Manila and former Binibining Pilipinas World
  • [Francisca Querubin]- First female lawyer of Ilocos Sur
  • [Perfecto Bello Querubin]- RTC Judge and State Prosecutor in the case against Harry Stonehill
  • [Ramon Querubin]- a pioneer lawyer, one of the only 260 lawyers in the Philippines in 1899
  • [Tomas Querubin]- 1830-1908, Gobernadorcillo of Caoayan, Ilocos Sur, cited in the book "Industrious Men" by Justice Ignacio Villamor
  • Elpidio Quirino, 6th President of the Philippines (1948–1953) and native of Caoayan, Ilocos Sur.
  • Nicanor Reyes, Sr., founder and first president of the Far Eastern University in Manila. He envisioned a school that would promote the teaching of accounting to Filipinos, a profession formerly available only to foreigners. His hometown was Paniqui, Tarlac.
  • Artemio Ricarte (October 20, 1866 — July 31, 1945) was a Filipino general during the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine–American War. He is considered by the Armed Forces of the Philippines as the "Father of the Philippine Army". Ricarte is also notable for never having taken an oath of allegiance to the United States government, which occupied the Philippines from 1898 to 1946. Ricarte was born in Batac City, Ilocos Norte.
  • Ruby Rodriguez from San Marcelino, Zambales is a Filipina actress and a co-host of the television variety show Eat Bulaga! in the Philippines.
  • Carmen Rosales, actress Pangasinan
  • Jericho Rosales, actor born in Quezon City. His father is Ilocano from Bucay, Abra.[29]
  • Maja Salvador, actress from Abulug, Cagayan
  • Paulino Santos from Camiling, Tarlac, a former chief of staff of the Philippine Army during the time of Philippine President Manuel Luis Quezon; founder of Penal Colonies and a Philippine Constabulary Second Lieutenant.
  • Gabriela Silang, wife of Diego, revolutionist.
  • Ireneo Alipio, A Filipino Business man from Alipio Dinasty.
  • Luis "Chavit" Singson (born June 21, 1941), better known as Chavit Singson, is a Filipino politician. He was a former Governor of the province of Ilocos Sur, Philippines since 1998. He is the owner of the Partas Bus Company. He is from Vigan, Ilocos Sur
  • Liza Soberano Hope Elizabeth Soberano (formerly known by the screen name Hope Soberano), is a young Filipina American model and actress, is a contract artist of ABS-CBN and Star Magic. She is currently starring in the teleserye FOREVERMORE and in the movie "THE BET" to be released in 2015. Her father and great great grandparents are Ilocanos from Sta. Maria, Ilocos Sur, Asingan, Pangasinan and Baguio City.
  • Jessica Soho (born March 27, 1964) is Filipino broadcast journalist, documentarian and news director who received a George Foster Peabody Award and was the first Filipino to win the British Fleet Journalism Award in 1998. She is from San Juan, La Union
  • Benito Soliven, studied law at the University of the Philippines, graduated summa cum laude, placed third in the 1921 Bar Examinations, the first lawyer of Santo Domingo, Ilocos Sur, an intellectual, a linguist, a successful political leader, an Outstanding Congressman, a three-termer in the House of Representatives acclaimed as "Valedictorian" in congress having the greatest number of bills most of which were passed/approved by his Colleagues, a hero of World War II, and most of all a very saintly and charitable man, ready to help the needy and his clients free of charge to those who didn't have the money. He is the father of the late Maximo Villaflor Soliven, a prominent Filipino journalist and newspaper publisher and Realtor Victorio V. Soliven. A school and a town are also named after him, the Benito Soliven Academy, located in Santo Domingo, Ilocos Sur and Benito Soliven in the province of Isabela.
  • Máximo Villaflor Solivén (September 4, 1929 – November 24, 2006) was a prominent Filipino journalist and newspaper publisher. In a career that spanned six decades, he attained his greatest peak and influence with the Philippine Star, which he co-founded in 1986, and where he served as publisher until his death. His daily column published in the Star, titled "By The Way", was one of the most widely read newspaper columns in the Philippines
  • Shamcey Supsup, Filipino Beauty Queen, Her Father is Ilocano.[30]
  • Bryan Termulo, Filipino Singer, His mother is Ilocana from La Union[31]
  • Fabian Ver, former General and Chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.
  • Nova Villa, Filipino Actress.[32]
  • Georgina Wilson, Niece of Gloria Diaz.
  • Ignacio B. Villamor, the first Filipino to serve as President of the University of the Philippines (from Abra).
  • Teófilo Yldefonso, "the Ilocano Shark" (February 9, 1903 – July 19, 1943), was a Filipino swimmer who specialized in the breaststroke. He was the first Filipino to win an Olympic medal, and the only Filipino to win multiple medals. He was born in Piddig, Ilocos Norte.
  • Vandolph, Filipino Actor, Son of Alma Moreno
  • Vice Ganda Also Known as Jose Mari Viceral, A Filipino Comedian, His Mother is Ilocana from La Union[33]
  • Althea Vega, Filipina Indie Actress, Ilocana from Pangasinan[34]

Foreign nationals of Ilocano ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and sources[edit]

  1. ^ "Ilocanos." Junior Worldmark Encyclopedia of World Cultures. The Gale Group, Inc. 1999. Retrieved December 10, 2009.
  2. ^ "UCLA Language Materials Project". Retrieved 2012-09-28. 
  3. ^ Uhm Center For Philippine Studies
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ PIA - Ilocano athlete eyes Olympics after hurdling SEA games
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^,_Happy_Homebody/num/3/635
  33. ^
  34. ^ Althea Vega gears up for Cinemalaya starring role in ‘Amor Y Muerte’ - Entertainment News –
  35. ^ "Featuring 7-Year-Old Break Dancer Anjelo Lil' Demon Baligad! - The Ellen DeGeneres Show"
  36. ^ YouTube sensation Mikey Bustos and how to be 'Pilipino' - Pinoy Abroad - GMA News Online
  37. ^ Lauren Smiley. "The Eyes of the Hurricane". SF Weekly. March 10, 2010.
  38. ^ "Ana Julaton: Her Side of the Ring". November 28, 2009.
  39. ^ "Famous Ilocanos and Ilocanas"
  40. ^ Official Bacarra Site Trivia
  42. ^ Aura Science Team Meeting : Boulder, Colorado : September 11 -15, 2006,
  43. ^ Ensuring the Climate Record from the NPOESS and GOES-R Spacecraft : Elements of a Strategy to Recover Measurement Capabilities Lost in Program Restructuring, National Academies Press, p. 25 (online page 36) 
  44. ^ "Munting Nayon News Magazine"

External links[edit]