|This article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2013)|
Map of the Philippines with Ilocos Norte highlighted
|Region||Ilocos (Region I)|
|• Governor||Imee Marcos (NP)|
|• Vice Governor||Angelo Barba (NP)|
|• Total||3,467.89 km2 (1,338.96 sq mi)|
|Area rank||42nd out of 80|
|• Rank||50th out of 80|
|• Density||160/km2 (420/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||53rd out of 80|
|• Independent cities||0|
|• Component cities||2|
|• Districts||1st and 2nd districts of Ilocos Norte|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||2900 to 2922|
|Spoken languages||Ilocano, Tagalog, English|
Ilocos Norte (Ilokano: Amianan nga Ilocos; Tagalog: Hilagang Ilokos) is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region. Its capital is Laoag City and is located at the northwest corner of Luzon Island, bordering Cagayan and Apayao to the east, and Abra and Ilocos Sur to the south. Ilocos Norte faces the South China Sea to the west and the Luzon Strait to the north.
Ilocos Norte is noted for being the birthplace of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos, who led an authoritarian rule over the country during the latter half of his incumbency. The Marcoses enjoy a modicum of popularity in the province. Ilocos Norte is also known as a northern tourist destination, being the location of Fort Ilocandia, an upper class hotel and beach resort famous among expatriates, and Pagudpud.
|This section requires expansion. (May 2009)|
Long before the coming of the Spaniards, there already existed an extensive region (consisting of the present provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Abra and La Union) renowned for its gold mines. Merchants from Japan and China would often visit the area to trade gold with beads, ceramics and silk. The inhabitants of the region, believed to be of Malay origin, called their place "samtoy", from "sao mi toy", which literally meant "our language here"
In 1591, when the Spanish conquistadors had Manila more or less under their control, they began looking for new sites to conquer. Legazpi's grandson, Juan de Salcedo, volunteered to lead one of these expeditions. Together with 8 armed boats and 45 men, the 22 year old voyager headed north. On June 13, 1592, Salcedo and his men landed in Vigan and then proceeded towards Laoag, Currimao and Badoc. As they sailed along the coast, they were surprised to see numerous sheltered coves ("looc") where the locals lived in harmony. As a result, they named the region "Ylocos" and its people "Ylocanos".
As the Christianization of the region grew, so did the landscape of the area. Vast tracts of land were utilized for churches and bell towers in line with the Spanish mission of "bajo las campanas". In the town plaza, it was not uncommon to see garrisons under the church bells. The colonization process was slowly being carried out.
The Spanish colonization of the region, however, was never completely successful. Owing to the abusive practices of many Augustinian friars, a number of Ilocanos revolted against their colonizers. Noteworthy of these were the Dingras uprising (1589) and Pedro Almasan revolt (San Nicolas, 1660). In 1762, Diego Silang led a series of battles aimed at freeing the Ilocanos from the Spanish yoke. When he died from an assassin's bullet, his widow Gabriela continued the cause. Unfortunately, she too was captured and hanged. In 1807, the sugar cane ("basi") brewers of Piddig rose up in arms to protest the government's monopoly of the wine industry. In 1898, the church excommunicated Gregorio Aglipay for refusing to cut off ties with the revolutionary forces of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo. Unperturbed, he established the "Iglesia Filipina Independiente". Aglipay’s movement and the nationalist sentiment it espoused helped restore the self-respect of many Filipinos.
In an effort to gain more political control and because of the increasing population of the region, a Royal Decree was signed on February 2, 1818 splitting Ilocos into two provinces: Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur. Soon thereafter, the provinces of La Union and Abra likewise became independent.
|Population census of Ilocos Norte|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
Ilocos Norte is home to several famous Roman Catholic churches:
- Paoay Church - named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993.
- St. William's Cathedral in Laoag - famous for its Sinking Bell Tower
- St. Monica Parish Church in Sarrat - documented to be the biggest church in the Ilocos Region.
- Bacarra Church - destroyed during an intensity VII (on the Rossi-Forel scale) earthquake on August 17, 1983, reconstructed and re-inaugurated in 1984.
Ilocos Norte is the home of the Aglipay Shrine (Aglipayan Church) where the church's first supreme leader was buried. There are also minor but steadily increasing members of Iglesia ni Cristo. Islam is also practiced by Mindanaoan traders and immigrants.
The province specializes in the following products and industries:
- Agriculture - rice, corn, garlic, legumes, root crops, tobacco, and other fruits and vegetables
- Fishery - tilapia and assorted fishes
- Livestock - swine and cattle
- Cottage industries - loom weaving, furniture, ceramics, iron works
- Manufacturing and food processing - salt, empanada, bagoong, patis, basi (native Ilocano wine), vinegar, longganisa, chicharon, bagnet, chichacorn (cornick), jewelry, garments, cereal processing, packaging, mechanized processing equipment
- Wind Power Ilocos Norte's position on the northwest corner of Luzon makes it ideal for wind power generation. There is currently a 25 Megawatt wind farm in Ilocos Norte, and several more wind energy projects are being planned
The most populous barangay in the province is Barangay No. 1, San Lorenzo (Poblacion) in the City of Laoag with a population of 4,391 in the 2010 census. If cities are excluded, Davila in the municipality of Pasuquin has the highest population, at 3,875. The least populous is Sapat in the municipality of Pasuquin, with only 32.
Term of Office: 2013 - 2016
Governor: Maria Imelda R. Marcos
Vice - Governor: Eugenio Angelo M. Barba
- Rodolfo C. Fariñas (1st District)
- Imelda R. Marcos (2nd District)
Sangguniang Panlalawigan Members:
- 1st District
- Ria Christina G. Fariñas
- Juan Conrado A. Respicio II
- Portia Pamela R. Salenda
- Vicentito M. Lazo
- Rogelio R. Balbag
- 2nd District
- Albert D. Chua
- Da Vinci M. Crisostomo
- Ramon M. Gaoat
- James Paul C. Nalupta
- Joel R. Garcia
ABC President: Charles L. Tadena
PCL President: Domingo C. Ambrocio
SK President: -Cherry Mae C. Burogsay.
The province offers a number of popular destinations for tourists, locals and foreigners alike. Because of its proximity to the South China Sea, tourist arrivals peak during the summer seasons, the beach resorts topping the most visited list.
- Fort Ilocandia Beach Resort and Hotel
- The sandy beach spans 2 kilometers. It also offers the only 5-star hotel in northern Philippines sprawling over 77 hectares of land. It is located in Laoag City and is a 10-minutes drive from the Laoag International Airport.
- Laoag Sinking Bell Tower
- Over the years the 45m high bell tower has shelved few meters downward. This is evident by the tower's entrance that at present day a man of ordinary height must bent over to get inside.
- Bangui Wind Farm
- Saud Beach Resort
- Sta. Monica Parish Church Complex-Sarrat, Ilocos Norte
- Paoay Church
- This baroque architecture church is inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List.
- Juan Luna Museum
- Cape Bojeador Lighthouse
- Gov. Roque Ablan Sr. Shrine
- Paoay lake
- Marcos Museum and Mausoleum, Batac City
- Batac City Riverside Empanadaan
- Known for the Batac Empanada.
- Burgos Wind Farm
- Caparispisan Wind Farm
- "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities". 2010 Census and Housing Population. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "Laoag Earthquake - 17 August 1983". Phivolcs. 1983. Retrieved 2011-01-02.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "Province: ILOCOS NORTE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay:as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines). Retrieved 18 October 2014.
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||South China Sea||Cagayan|
|South China Sea||Apayao|
|Ilocos Sur, Abra|