Ilori Church

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Ilori Church of St. George
ილორის წმ. გიორგის ეკლესია
ილორის ტაძარი.JPG
Ilori Church of St. George as illustrated by Cristoforo Castelli.
Ilori Church is located in Georgia (country)
Ilori Church
Shown within Georgia (country)
Basic information
Location Ilori, Ochamchira District,  Georgia ( Abkhazia [1])
Geographic coordinates 42°41′46″N 41°29′59″E / 42.696111°N 41.499722°E / 42.696111; 41.499722Coordinates: 42°41′46″N 41°29′59″E / 42.696111°N 41.499722°E / 42.696111; 41.499722
Affiliation Abkhazian Orthodox Church
Region Caucasus
District Ochamchira District
Status Active
Architectural description
Architectural type Domed, single-nave
Architectural style Georgian; Church
Completed Early 11th century
Specifications
Dome(s) 1

The Church of St. George of Ilori (Georgian: ილორის წმ. გიორგის ეკლესია) is a Medieval, originally Georgian Orthodox Church in the village of Ilori, in the Ochamchira District of Abkhazia,[notes 1] Georgia. The Church was built in the first quarter of the 11th century, and represents one of the most important sites of western Georgian architecture. It is also considered one of the more significant religious locations of Medieval western Georgia. The building has a single-nave design.

During its long history, the church underwent several important architectural modifications and was repaired by Levan II Dadiani in the 17th century, only to be burnt down by Ottoman Turks in 1736. The building was eventually restored again by the Princes of Odishi in the latter half of the same century.[2][3]

On 9 February 2011, the Abkhazian government transferred the church into the perpetual care of the Abkhazian Orthodox Church.[4]

2010 restoration controversy[edit]

In 2010, the church underwent restoration. According to the Georgian government, this resulted in severe damage to the church's historic character. It accused the Abkhazian government of plastering parts of the exterior and the interior of the church that featured Georgian inscriptions and frescos, and of replacing the Georgian-style dome by a Russian-style one. The Georgian government called on international conservation organisations and in particular UNESCO to intervene.[3][5][6][7]

Demur Bzhania, head of the Abkhazian Directorate for the Protection of Cultural Heritage, declared that the church's Priest had not coordinated the reconstruction with his office, and admitted that the placement of the dome would have to be corrected. However, he defended the whitewashing of the walls, claiming that the interior had not been touched and that old photographs of the church's exterior did not show any Georgian inscriptions or murals.[7] According to head of the Abkhazian Orthodox Church Vissarion Aplaa, the church did not originally have a dome, and its historic character had first been affected when Georgian authorities placed a Georgian-style dome on top of it during the 1940s and 1950s. This dome had then collapsed during the 1992-1993 war Georgian-Abkhazian war, and now the local Priest had replaced it with a new dome to prevent water from entering the church.[8]

The issue was also raised by the Georgian delegation at the 25th meeting for incident prevention in Chuburkhindji on 22 February 2011, demanding a joint visit to the church.[9] Viacheslav Chirikba, special envoy of the Abkhazian President, stated in the run-up to the meeting that Georgia had no authority to raise the issue, and that EUMM head Hansjörg Haber and UN special representative Antti Turunen had had the opportunity during informal visits to convince themselves that the historic character of the church had not been compromised. The church was also visited by EU special representative Pierre Morel on 18 February.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abkhazia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider Abkhazia de jure a part of Georgia's territory. In Georgia's official subdivision it is an autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.
  2. ^ Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia, Book 5. 1980. p. 108. 
  3. ^ a b "Russian occupants violate Georgian monument in Abkhazia". 18 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010. 
  4. ^ Абхазской православной церкви переданы в безвозмездное бессрочное пользование 38 храмов и соборов.. Apsnypress (in Russian). 9 February 2011. Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  5. ^ (Russian) В Тбилиcи озабочены ситуацией с грузинскими храмами в Абхазии. 22 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  6. ^ (Russian) Тбилиси обеспокоен уничтожением грузинских памятников в Абхазии - МИД. 23 November 2010. Retrieved 23 November 2010.
  7. ^ a b Грузия просит спасти Илорский храм в Абхазии. Caucasian Knot (in Russian). 4 December 2010. Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  8. ^ Виссарион (Аплиа): "Грузинская церковь никакого отношения к абхазским святыням не имеет, и иметь не может". Apsnypress (in Russian). 3 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  9. ^ Kuchuberia, Anzhela (22 February 2011). Абхазия требует от Грузии выдачи Дато Шенгелия. Caucasian Knot (in Russian). Retrieved 26 February 2011. 
  10. ^ Kuchuberia, Anzhela (19 February 2011). Чирикба: Грузия не полномочна поднимать вопрос о ситуации с церквями в Абхазии. Caucasian Knot (in Russian). Retrieved 26 February 2011.