List of villages in Gower

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Gower Peninsula
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Dialling code 01792
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EU Parliament Wales
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Wales

The Gower Peninsula (Welsh: Gŵyr) in the City and County of Swansea in south Wales in Britain is an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. It contains over twenty villages and communities.

Villages[edit]

Bishopston[edit]

Main article: Bishopston, Swansea

Bishopston - or Llandeilo Ferwallt - is an inland village, 6 miles (9.5 km) west-southwest of Swansea and near the beaches of Caswell Bay, Brandy Cove and Pwll Du. One of the larger villages in Gower, it has its own rugby club, South Gower Rugby Football Club, and its own primary and comprehensive schools. (Bishopston is part of Swansea's Bishopston ward.)

Bishopston church, at the head of Bishopston Valley, is dedicated to Saint Teilo, who gives the village its Welsh name. The church contains a plain, massive font of Romanesque type, and its tower holds two 18th-century bells. In the churchyard are the remains of an old stone cross.

Cheriton[edit]

St Cadoc's Church

Cheriton, near the north coast, is popular with summer tourists as a place to stay whilst exploring the beaches in the local area.[1] The 13th-century church of saint Catwg (or Cadoc) is one of the most beautiful in Gower, and is Grade 1 listed. The psychoanalyst Ernest Jones is buried in its churchyard.

Footpaths lead south-east to Stembridge and south-west to Llangenydd.[2]51°36′54″N 4°14′25″W / 51.61506°N 4.24035°W / 51.61506; -4.24035

Crofty[edit]

Crofty, on the north coast, is a small cockling village, situated between Penclawdd and Llanmorlais. 51°38′18.00″N 4°07′33.00″W / 51.6383333°N 4.1258333°W / 51.6383333; -4.1258333

Gowerton[edit]

Main article: Gowerton

The inland village of Gowerton (Welsh, Tregwyr), about 4 miles north west of Swansea city centre, is a gateway to Gower. Its original name was Ffosfelin; it has also been known as Gwter Felen. (The village falls within the Gowerton electoral ward of Swansea.)

In 1980, the Welsh National Eisteddfod was hosted on the 'Elba' area of the village. The Eisteddfod stone (Gorsedd stones) is located on the round-about opposite the garage on the road to Penclawdd.[3]

Ilston[edit]

Ilston is an inland village. It has its own community council. The population of the community in the United Kingdom Census 2001 was 538. The name of the village (Welsh, Llan Illtyd) is thought to have originated from Saint Illtud. The village is home to a brook, a 13th-century parish church (which has a 15th-century bell inscribed with a prayer to St Thomas) and a National Trust limestone quarry.[4] The community is surrounded by common land used as grazing land, woodlands and fields. Coordinates: 51°35′38″N 4°04′49″W / 51.59399°N 4.08026°W / 51.59399; -4.08026

See also Ilston Book

Llangennith[edit]

Main article: Llangennith

Llangennith, in north-west Gower, has a scattering of houses and one pub - the King's Head. It sits at a crossroads: Moor Lane leads west to a caravan park near Rhossili Bay; and Burrows Lane leads north to a caravan park overlooking Broughton Bay.

The 12th-century village church, St. Cenydd's Church, is the largest in Gower, and was founded by St. Cenydd, who in the 6th century made a hermitage here, which was destroyed by Vikings in 986. The folk singer, Phil Tanner, is buried in its churchyard.

A painting of Worm's Head from Llangennydd was made by Cedric Morris. A painting of Llangennith Burrows by John Nash is held in the Government Art Collection.

Llanmadoc[edit]

Llanmadoc is in the north west of Gower. The village is named after the churchyard of St Madoc, who founded his hermitage or monastery here in the 6th century. The 13th-century building was restored in 1865, but retains a Romanesque font and a Romano-British tombstone.[5] Llanmadoc Hill, formed of Old Red Sandstone, is a landmark of west Gower and affords wide views from the top. An evocative painting of the Hill, by Cedric Morris, may be seen at the Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea. A painting of Llanmadoc was also made by John Nash. An alternative origin, more likely, comes from Médoc, in France, along the Gironde estuary of the Garonne river, in the Bordeaux region of France. Quite interestingly, there is a region called "Landes du Médoc",[6] compare with "Llanmadoc". The Medulli were the likely Celtic tribal ancestors of Madoc. Haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA)[7] is consistent with the regions of Llanmadoc, Wales and Médoc, Bordeaux, France and the Celtic migrations from the South East to the North West, and likely predates St. Madoc.

Close-by communities include Cheriton and Landimore. Nearby beaches include Broughton Bay and Whiteford Sands.

Llanmorlais[edit]

Llanmorlais, on the north coast, was a cockling village. The name Llanmorlais is not a true Llan place name, but a corruption of the village's old name, Glan Morlais, which refers to the banks of Morlais Stream.[8] (The village is in Penclawdd electoral ward of Swansea.) In 2014, it was rated one of the most attractive postcode areas to live in Wales. [9]

Llanrhidian[edit]

Llanrhidian is a north Gower estuarine village, sloping down to salt marshes. (It is in the Gower electoral ward of Swansea.) 51°36′23.00″N 4°10′13.00″W / 51.6063889°N 4.1702778°W / 51.6063889; -4.1702778

The village gets its name from Saint Rhidian. Its church is dedicated to St Illtyd and St Rhidian. The present building was constructed in the 13th century, with a chancel and tower added in the 14th century. In the porch may be seen a 9th-century stone, bearing simple carvings of human figures and animals. A standing stone on the village green may be the remains of a village cross.[10]

Murton[edit]

Murton is in the Bishopston ward of Swansea.[11] It lies between Bishopston and the village of Newton.

Murton is home to Murton Methodist Church[12] a Wesleyan Methodist Church dating back to 1828, which celebrated the centenary of its current building in 1997. Services are held at 10:30 and 18:00 every Sunday.

Murton also hosts Murton Rovers AFC Football team.

Oxwich[edit]

Oxwich Bay, Gower, South Wales
Main article: Oxwich

Oxwich is in the far south of Gower. Attractions include the Oxwich Burrows, the Tudor Oxwich Castle, Penrice Castle and Oxwich Bay.[13][14] The ancient church is dedicated to Saint Illtyd. (Legend says that the stone Baptismal font was placed there by the saint himself.)

Parkmill[edit]

Main article: Parkmill

Parkmill is an inland village between Penmaen and Ilston, on the northern side of the A4118 road, the main road between Swansea and Port Eynon, in a wooded valley. It once lay within Parc le Breos, a deer park established in the 1221–32 CE by John de Braose, Marcher Lord of Gower.

Penclawdd[edit]

Main article: Penclawdd

Penclawdd is in the north of the peninsula. It is one of the larger villages in Gower. Part of the village is perched on a high location, enjoying panoramic views over the Loughor estuary and Gower country, while the main part of the village stretches along the edge of the estuary. It is plentiful in birdlife, and wild horses roam the estuary. Penclawdd is famous for its local cockle industry, which goes back for many years to Roman times.

(It is in Swansea's Penclawdd electoral ward.)

Pennard[edit]

Pennard Castle

Pennard is on the south of the peninsula, about 7 miles south west of Swansea city centre. (It falls within the Pennard ward of Swansea.) It has a church, health centre, library, a primary school and a golf course. It contains the ruins of Pennard Castle. The poets Vernon Watkins (1906–1967), Harri Webb (1920–1994) and Nigel Jenkins (1949–2014) are buried at St Mary's church.

Penmaen[edit]

Penmaen is an inland village - a scatter of houses around the A4118 road at the foot of the slopes of Cefn Bryn. There are a number of archaeological sites in the area. It contains Parc-Le-Breos, a 19th-century hunting lodge, that was once the deer park of William de Breos, Lord of Gower, but today serves as a hotel and pony-trekking centre.

Penmaen Castle began as a small timber castle. Later it was replaced by a stone structure. The dates of the structures are not known but the ringwork and timber gateway is accepted as being Norman. The timber gateway was destroyed by fire and later replaced by a drystone walled gate tower. It is believed that the replacement could either have been built by a Norman or the Welsh lord Rhys Gryg ap Rhys, who had destroyed all the castles in Gower in 1217.

A painting of Penmaen Burrows was made by John Nash.

Port Eynon[edit]

Main article: Port Eynon

This small, south coast village, extending from Port Eynon beach to the top of a hill, has two fish and chip shops at the sea front, a youth hostel, a pub, a coffee shop and a restaurant.

To the north-west lies Overton village, with footpaths to Overton Mere, a rocky beach. Half a mile to the east of the main beach stands the village of Horton.

Reynoldston[edit]

Reynoldston is an inland village. It has its own elected community council.

It had one of the longest functioning community broadband schemes in Britain; which started in 2003 and finished at the end of 2008 following the availability of ADSL. It came back in 2012-2013 but with Optical fiber instead of wireless network; and to promote this idea a "better bordband roadshow" was organised.[15][16] [17]

Rhossili[edit]

Worm's Head at Rhossili
Main article: Rhossili

Rhossili is on the southwestern tip of the peninsula. Since the 1970s it has fallen within the boundaries of Swansea.[18] The village has a community council and is part of the Gower parliamentary constituency, and the Gower electoral ward.

Slade[edit]

Slade is situated near the south coast, north west of Oxwich Bay. Points of interest include Eastern Slade Farm, a dairy farm and campsite.

The nearby Slade Bay includes a small beach, and is a breeding ground for fish such as rays, dogfish, common dab and bass.

Three Crosses[edit]

Three Crosses (Welsh: Y Crwys) is an inland village at the north east of the peninsula. Situated at a crossroad on the road from Swansea city centre (10 km) to Penclawdd (5 km), it grew up in the early 19th century to serve small shallow collieries in the area. These collieries had disappeared by the early years of the 20th century, and since then Three Crosses has developed as a 'dormitory village' for Swansea. Three Crosses is home to Capel Y Crwys, a large independent chapel.

It has its own Community Council Three Crosses community in the City and County of Swansea.)

Upper Killay[edit]

Upper Killay is an inland village. It has its own elected community council.[19] The Clyne Valley cycle track passes though the village. Upper Killay is a gateway to Gower from the east. The main road through the village passes over a cattle grid to the west, which marks the start of Fairwood Common. The village has its own rugby team, Swansea Uplands RFC. Their clubhouse and playing fields are to the south of the village, on Fairwood Common.There is a primary school in Upper Killay,named Cila Primary School. The school has a nursery. There is a park next to the community centre and a village shop.

Notable residents include Andrew Jones (filmmaker) and David Stacey (Actor).

Small communities[edit]

  • Burry Green is a hamlet on the junction between the north Gower road (from Swansea to Llangenith) and the road south to Port Eynon and Rhossili on the south Gower coast. The latter road forms the shortest road link between Rhossili and Llangenith. It is a little over a mile north west of Reynoldston,[20] and is not far from the Burry Stream, which runs north into the Loughor estuary. The large village green faces the north-eastern slopes of Cefn Bryn, the second-highest point in Gower. Footpaths lead north across Ryers Down to Cheriton.
  • Landimore is a north Gower hamlet, descending to salt marshes east of Cheriton. It is in the Gower ward between Llanmadoc and Llanrhidian. On the slopes of a hill to the west are traces of Landimore Castle (also known as Bovehill Castle).
  • Llethryd (or Llethrid) is an inland farming settlement, near the centre of Gower, around the B4271 road out of Swansea, just over halfway between Upper Killay and Llanrhidian, and on the western edge of Pengwern Common. Here the road descends steeply into a little wooded valley, through which flows the stream of Parkmill Pill. About 200 yards south of the road lies the entrance to the vast Llethryd Tooth Cave.
  • Middleton lies on the south-west edge of Gower, on the outskirts of Rhossili village and not far from Rhossili Bay. It has a much-used village hall. Lanes lead south to Fall Bay and Mewslade, and north across Rhossili Down to Llangenydd.
  • Nicholaston is a farming community near the south coast of Gower, on the road between Penmaen and Oxwich. It is in the Gower ward.[25] The isolated church of St Nicolas was built in the 14th century, but was thoroughly reconstructed in 1894. Its alabaster pulpit incorporates sculptures of the 19th-century theologians Keble, Liddon and Pusey.
  • Oldwalls, on the north Gower road, a little west of Llanrhidian, consists of a small number of houses and a holiday accommodation site.[26]
  • Overton in south Gower is a secluded hamlet overlooking Port Eynon. It is in the Gower ward. Footpaths lead south to the pebbly beach of Overton Mere, and west along the cliffs to Paviland and Rhossili.
  • Oxwich Green in south Gower is a farming settlement on the road between the villages of Oxwich and Slade.
  • Penrice, a hamlet in south Gower, inland from Oxwich Bay, is approachable by steep, narrow roads. On its village green - once a social centre of Gower - stand the church of St Andrew and the stone base of a former cross. Penrice Park contains an 18th-century country-house and the remains of a Norman castle - both known as Penrice Castle.
  • Pitton is a sheltered settlement in south-west Gower, near Rhossili, centred on Great Pitton Farm, one of the oldest farms in Gower. It is in the Gower ward. In the 18th century some villagers were involved in smuggling. Lanes lead south from Pitton Hill to the sea at Mewslade, and north across Rhossili Downs to Llangenith.
  • Pitton Green consists of a few houses on the road connecting the villages of Scurlage and Rhossili.
  • Scurlage in southern Gower lies at the junction of roads leading to Port Eynon or Rhossili. It has a sports field and a caravan site. Some walls of Scurlage Castle may be seen.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tourism Info". Stayinwales.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  2. ^ "Cheriton Info and Photos". Welcometogower.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  3. ^ Gowerton local history[dead link]
  4. ^ "CADW: Historic Landscape Characterisation: Ilston". Ggat.org.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  5. ^ "St. Madoc's Church Llanmadoc". The-gower.com. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  6. ^ "File:GirondePays.png - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. 2013-05-31. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  7. ^ File:Distribution Haplogroup R1b Y-DNA version 2.gif[dead link]
  8. ^ "GOWER/GWYR". www.someplacenamesinsouthwales.4t.com. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  9. ^ "UK's 'most desirable' postcodes revealed". BBC News. 
  10. ^ "St. Rhidian & St. Illtyd Church, Llanrhidian". The-gower.com. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  11. ^ "Bishopston Ward Profile" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ "Holiday & background information on the village of Oxwich". The-gower.com. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  14. ^ [2][dead link]
  15. ^ "The Reynoldston Village Community web site". Reynoldston.com. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  16. ^ Reynoldston on GowerCoast.com
  17. ^ "Welcome | Swansea & Gower Matters". Swanseamatters.org.uk. 2012-08-31. Retrieved 2013-06-19. 
  18. ^ A Guide to Gower, published by the Gower Society, ISBN 0-902767-23-2
  19. ^ "Upper Killay Community Council, Swansea". www.gowercc.org.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  20. ^ "Burry Holiday Cottages. Self-catering cottages in the Gower Peninsula, Swansea, South Wales.". www.burrycottages.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  21. ^ "Microsoft Word - Gower Ward Profile Dec-08.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  22. ^ "Microsoft Word - Newton Ward Profile Dec-08.doc" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  23. ^ Historical information at GENUKI
  24. ^ "Llandewi Church: St. David's Church". Explore-gower.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-27. 
  25. ^ "Penmaen and Nicholaston. The villages of Penmaen and Nicholaston, The Gower Peninsula, South Wales". www.the-gower.com. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  26. ^ "Oldwalls Leisure Ltd. - Luxury Accommodation - Gower - Swansea - Location". www.oldwallsleisure.com. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 

External links[edit]