Ilulissat

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Ilulissat
Jakobshavn
Old town and harbor of Ilulissat
Old town and harbor of Ilulissat
Official logo of Ilulissat
Coat of arms
Location of Ilulissat
Coordinates: 69°13′N 51°06′W / 69.217°N 51.100°W / 69.217; -51.100Coordinates: 69°13′N 51°06′W / 69.217°N 51.100°W / 69.217; -51.100
State  Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent country  Greenland
Municipality Qaasuitsup-coat-of-arms.svg Qaasuitsup
First mention 16th century
City Status 16th century
Government
 • Mayor Ole Dorph (S)
Area[1]
 • City 11.25 km2 (4.34 sq mi)
 • Metro 47.000 km2 (18.147 sq mi)
Highest elevation 2,010 m (6,590 ft)
Lowest elevation 1 m (3 ft)
Population (2014 (city, settlements))[3]
 • City 4,893
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
 • Urban 4,530 (City of Ilulissat)
 • Metro 363 (Settlements: Ilimanaq, Oqaatsut, Qeqertaq and Saqqaq)
 • Metro density 129,48/km2 (33,540/sq mi)
 • Ethnicity 90.98% Greenlandic
9.02% Other[2]
Time zone WGT (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) WGST (UTC-2)
Postal code 3952
Area code(s) (+299) 94
Website www.ilulissat.gl

Ilulissat,[4] formerly Jakobshavn, is a town in the Qaasuitsup municipality in western Greenland, located approximately 200 km (120 mi) north of the Arctic Circle. With the population of 4,541 as of 2013,[5] it is the third-largest settlement in Greenland, after Nuuk and Sisimiut.

In direct translation, Ilulissat is the Kalaallisut word "Icebergs".[6] The picturesque Ilulissat Icefjord has made Ilulissat Greenland's most popular tourist destination[7] and tourism is now the town's principal industry.

History[edit]

The town was established as a trading post by Jacob Severin's company in 1741[8] and named in his honor.[9] The name was sometimes anglicized as Jacobshaven.[10] The Zion Church (Zions Kirke) constructed in the late 18th century was the largest man-made work on Greenland in its time.[9] The final resident of nearby Sermermiut moved to Ilulissat in 1850.[11]

Ilulissat Declaration[edit]

The town was the site of the Arctic Ocean Conference in May 2008.[12] The joint meeting between Canada, Denmark, Norway, Russia, and the United States was held to discuss key issues relating to territorial claims in the Arctic (particularly Hans Island and Arktika 2007) and Arctic shrinkage produced by climate change.[13]

The Ilulissat Declaration arose from the conference. It stated that the law of the sea provided for important rights and obligations concerning the delineation of the outer limits of the continental shelf, the protection of the marine environment, including ice-covered areas, freedom of navigation, marine scientific research, and other uses of the sea. It also said that it remained committed to this legal framework and to the orderly settlement of any possible overlapping claims.

With this existing legal framework, providing a solid foundation for responsible management, there was no need to develop a new comprehensive international legal regime to govern the Arctic Ocean. The states involved, would keep abreast of the developments in the Arctic Ocean and continue to implement appropriate measures.[14]

Panorama of Ilulissat
A panoramic view of Ilulissat in February 2006

Geography and environment[edit]

Main article: Ilulissat Icefjord

The Ilulissat Icefjord (Greenlandic: Ilulissat Kangerlua) southeast of Ilulissat was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.[15]

Climate data for Ilulissat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −10
(14)
−11
(12)
−12
(10)
−5
(23)
3
(37)
8
(46)
11
(52)
10
(50)
5
(41)
−1
(30)
−5
(23)
−8
(18)
−1.3
(29.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.5
(7.7)
−14.5
(5.9)
−15.5
(4.1)
−8.5
(16.7)
0
(32)
5
(41)
8
(46)
7
(45)
2
(36)
−4
(25)
−8
(18)
−11
(12)
−4.5
(23.9)
Average low °C (°F) −17
(1)
−18
(0)
−19
(−2)
−12
(10)
−3
(27)
2
(36)
5
(41)
4
(39)
−1
(30)
−7
(19)
−11
(12)
−14
(7)
−7.6
(18.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 12
(0.47)
13
(0.51)
12
(0.47)
13
(0.51)
16
(0.63)
22
(0.87)
29
(1.14)
26
(1.02)
35
(1.38)
26
(1.02)
23
(0.91)
17
(0.67)
244
(9.6)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9 9 10 9 8 7 8 9 10 10 11 10 110
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0 28 93 180 279 300 279 217 120 62 30 0 1,588
Source: World Climate Guide [16]

Population[edit]

With 4,541 inhabitants in 2013,.[5] Ilulissat is the largest town in the Qaasuitsup municipality. The population increased over 8% relative to 1990 levels but has remained steady since around 2003.[17]

Transport[edit]

Ilulissat domestic airport destinations
Air
Main article: Ilulissat Airport

Ilulissat Airport is located 2.8 km (1.7 mi) to the northeast of the town center and was built in 1983.[18] It serves Ilulissat with connections to towns in northwestern and midwestern Greenland via Air Greenland. Service to Reykjavík, Iceland, began in April 2011 via Air Iceland.

Sea

The Arctic Umiaq ferry links Ilulissat with Sisimiut, Nuuk, and other towns and settlements on the western and southwestern coast of Greenland.

Sports[edit]

The town is home to Nagdlunguaq-48 who play in the Coca Cola GM, Greenland's top soccer league. Nagdlunguaq-48, who play all their league games in Nuuk, have won the championship ten times.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Ilulissat is twinned with:

Ilulissat in Pictures[edit]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Den Store Danske: Areal fordelt efter kommune / region". Naatsorsueqqissaartarfik. Retrieved 23 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Naatsorsueqqissaartarfik: Naatsorsueqqissaartarfik, table BEDST3', period 2014
  3. ^ "Naatsorsueqqissaartarfik: Ilulissat City/Settlements (Ilulissat Municipality, Qaasuitsup Kommunia), 2014 (table: BEDST3)". Statistics Greenland. Retrieved 14 February 2014. 
  4. ^ The name is sometimes spelled Ilulisat.
  5. ^ a b Greenland in Figures 2013. Statistics Greenland. ISBN 978-87-986787-7-9. ISSN 1602-5709. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Ilulissat". Qaasuitsup Municipality. Retrieved 11 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "Ilulissat Icefjord". Qaasuitsup Municipality. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Marquardt, Ole. "Change and Continuity in Denmark's Greenland Policy" in The Oldenburg Monarchy: An Underestimated Empire?. Verlag Ludwig (Kiel), 2006.
  9. ^ a b Kjærgaard, Kathrine (2010). "Grønland som del af den bibelske fortælling – en 1700-tals studie" ["Greenland as Part of the Biblical Narrative – a Study of the 18th Century"]. Kirkehistoriske Samlinger, 51-130. (Danish)
  10. ^ i.a., Lieber, Francis & al. Encyclopædia Americana: A Popular Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, History, Politics and Biography. "Greenland". B.B. Mussey & Co., 1854.
  11. ^ Guide to Ilulissat Museum, Ilulissat Museum
  12. ^ Arctic Council (2008-05-26). "Conference on the Arctic Ocean". arctic-council.org. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  13. ^ "Greenland hosts Arctic sovereignty talks". Reuters. 27 May 2008. Retrieved 5 October 2010. 
  14. ^ "Ilulissat Declaration". Government of Greenland. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  15. ^ "UNESCO Listing". Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "World Weather Information Service – Ilulissat". Weather2Travel.com. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  17. ^ Statistics Greenland, Population in localities
  18. ^ Air Greenland, History
  19. ^ Jean Malaurie, 1982.
  20. ^ Knud Johan Victor Rasmussen, biography by Sam Alley. Minnesota State University.
  21. ^ Elizabeth Cruwys, 2003.
  22. ^ Famous sons