Ilustrowany Kurier Codzienny

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Ilustrowany Kurier Codzienny (English: Illustrated Daily Courier, commonly known as IKC, also Ikac) was a Polish daily as well as a publishing house, founded in 1910 in Kraków by Marian Dąbrowski. In the Second Polish Republic, the IKC was the biggest publisher of the country, its newspapers and magazines had a circulation of more than 400,000.

The company started with its flagship, the Ilustrowany Kurier Codzienny daily, in the course of the time, more titles were added. IKC was the only Polish newspaper available daily across Europe; it had offices in main Polish cities (Warsaw, Poznań, Katowice, Wilno, Lwów, Gdynia) as well as several European capitals. During World War I its circulation was 125,000 and it was limited to the area of Austrian Galicia. In the 1920s, IKC grew, becoming Poland's most popular daily, read by some 1 million people.

In 1933, afternoon daily Tempo dnia was added. Other titles, published by the company were:

  • Światowid - a high class monthly magazine,
  • Na szerokim świecie - addressed to the readers from countryside,
  • Raz, dwa, trzy - sports weekly,
  • Tajny detektyw - criminal magazine,
  • As - high-class weekly.

In the late 1930s, IKC employed some 1,000 people. In the fall of 1939, following the Polish September Campaign, the company was closed by the Germans. The last issue of Ilustrowany Kurier Codzienny appeared on October 26, 1939. The next day, the Germans replaced it with Krakauer Zeitung. Dabrowski himself left Poland just before the war. He died in 1958 in Florida. His body was buried at Kraków's Rakowiecki Cemetery.


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