Ilya Isidorovich Fondaminsky (Илья′ Исидо′рович Фондами′нский, 1880, Moscow, Russia — November 19, 1942, Auschwitz, Nazi Germany) was a Jewish Russian author (writing under the pseudonym Bunakov) and political activist, in 1910s one of the leaders of the ultra left SR party, in 1917 a senior member of the Alexander Kerensky’s Provisional government.
In 1918 Fondaminsky took part in the Jassy Conference. In France where he was living since immigration in 1919, Fondaminsky veered off from the left, turning an influential newspaper editor (Sovremennye Zapisky, among others), author of philosophical essays and in the later years — much admired philanthropist, supporting Christian magazines and charity funds. Facing Nazi occupation, Fondaminsky refused to leave Paris, saying he was willing to accept his destiny whatever it may be. Arrested in July 1941 and sent to the concentration camp, he adopted Christianity and was christened a Russian Orthodox not long before being sent to Auschwitz. Ilya Fondaminsky died there on November 19, 1942. In 2003 he was officially pronounced a Russian Orthodox saintly martyr by the Patriarch of Constantinople.
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- Who is St Ilya Fondaminsky?. - Ilya Fondaminsky @ In Communion, webside of the Orthodox Peace fellowship.
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