Ilya Yankelevich Gabay Russian: Илья́ Янкеле́вич Габа́й; IPA: [ɪˈlʲja jənkʲɪˈlʲevʲɪt͡ɕ ɡɐˈbaj] ( ); 9 October 1935, Baku - 20 October 1973, Moscow; buried in Baku) was a key figure in the civil rights movement in the Soviet Union. Gabay was also a literature teacher, poet and writer. During his lifetime his works were published only in samizdat.
During the trial of writers Andrei Sinyavsky and Yuli Daniel in 1965, Gabay took part in the "glasnost meeting" calling for an open and fair trial for the writers. After a similar demonstration as a response to the Trial of the Four on January 22, 1967, he was arrested and spent five months in Lefortovo prison. He was released in June 1967 and his case was closed.
After his release, he together with Yuli Kim and Peter Yakir co-authored an appeal warning against Re-Stalinization. He also and assisted Natalya Gorbanevskaya in editing the Chronicle of Current Events, most notably for issue No. 3 dedicated to the 1968 Red Square demonstration against the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. Through fellow dissident Pyotr Grigorenko, Gabay also became involved in the struggle for the Crimean Tatar autonomy, and helped edit its samizdat publications.
In March 1968, Gabay was dismissed as an editor at the Institute of the Peoples of Asia of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union and in May 1969, arrested and imprisoned. In January 1970 he was tried on the charge of preparing and circulating samizdat materials and sentenced to three years in a general-regime camp. Shortly before the end of the sentence, he was also questioned in Moscow in connection with the case against the Chronicle of Current Events ("Case No. 24").
He was the husband of Galina Viktorovna Gabay (Samohena), and the father of two children, Alexei Ilyich Gabay (2/13/69) and Maria Ilyinichna Gabay (6/21/73).
- К деятелям науки, культуры, искусства // Процесс четырёх: Сборник документов о суде над А. Гинзбургом, Ю. Галансковым, А. Добровольским, В. Лашковой / Сост. П. М. Литвинов. — Франкфурт-на-Майне: «Посев», 1968. — С. 282—288 (совместно с Ю. Кимом и П. Якиром)
- Antoon De Baets, Censorship of Historical Thought: A World Guide, 1945-2000
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