Ilya Lopert

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Ilya Lopert (May 1, 1905 – February 27, 1971) was a Lithuanian-born American film producer and distributor. He was renowned for distributing foreign films for both arthouse and mainstream release in the United States. He was often credited as I. E. Lopert.

Biography[edit]

Lopert studied electrical engineering after the First World War in Switzerland, in Belgium at the University of Ghent, and the University of Grenoble from 1930 to 1933. He held a variety of jobs in France and the French Sudan. Fluent in French, German, Italian, Russian, Polish and English as well as his native Lithuanian, he found himself employed by Paramount Pictures studios in Paris where he dubbed American films into Spanish.[1] He accompanied his wife the United States in 1936, and found work in Hollywood preparing American films for the South American market.

Film distribution[edit]

Lopert formed Pax Films[2] and Juno Films[3] to distribute foreign films in the USA, most famously Mayerling (1936). He became head of foreign film distribution for MGM, resigning in 1946 to become an independent distributor. Lopert remarked that prior to World War II only 12 foreign films a year played in the United States and it was impossible to make a living distributing foreign language films in America.[4]

Lopert Films was created in 1947 to release foreign films in the USA such as Shoeshine (1946), Richard III (1955), and Nights of Cabiria (1957). Lopert produced Summertime (1955) for David Lean and Katharine Hepburn and also owned two cinemas in Washington D.C. the DuPont and Playhouse and one cinema in New York City, the Plaza.[5]

Though critically acclaimed, his films were American box office failures that forced him to sell his theatres. In 1958, United Artists bought Lopert Films, renaming them Lopert Pictures to release foreign films that may attract controversy by being in violation of the Production Code of the time.[6] Lopert Pictures first release for United Artists was Black Orpheus (1959) followed by the smash hit Never on Sunday (1960). In 1961, Lopert became United Artists' coordinator of European Production.[7]

In addition to foreign films, Lopert films also released Billy Wilder's Kiss Me, Stupid (1964).[8]

At the 1964 Academy Awards presentation, Ilya Lopert, representing United Artists, accepted the best picture Oscar for Tom Jones on behalf of the film's producers who did not attend.

The arthouse film industry collapsed in the United States in 1970. Variety reporting that for the first time in six years not one foreign language film grossed over one million dollars. This trend and other factors affecting Hollywood at the end of the 1960s lead United Artists to close Lopert films in 1970.[9] He had a daughter, Tanya Lopert, who became an actress.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Variety obituary (3 March 1971)
  2. ^ http://www.imdb.com/company/co0139420/
  3. ^ http://www.imdb.com/company/co0136911/
  4. ^ p.109 Segrave, Kerry Foreign Films in America: A History McFarland, 2004
  5. ^ p.226 Balio, Tino United Artists: The Company that Changed the Film Industry Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1987
  6. ^ p.227 Balio
  7. ^ Motion Picture Herald, Volumes 222–223 Quigley Pub. Co., 1961
  8. ^ p. 108 Armstrong, Richard Billy Wilder, American Film Realist McFarland, 2005
  9. ^ p.232 Balio
  10. ^ http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0519839/

External links[edit]