|Ilya V. Ponomarev|
Ilya Ponomarev at the 2012 Horasis Global Russia Business Meeting
|Born||August 6, 1975|
|Known for||opposition to Vladimir Putin; support of Internet censorship|
|A Just Russia|
Ilya V. Ponomarev (born 6 August 1975) is a Russian politician. He is a member of the political party A Just Russia, a group opposing the policies of President Vladimir Putin, and as of 2012, had been elected to two terms in the State Duma. In September 2012, he was censured and temporarily banned from speaking in the Duma after calling Putin's United Russia a "party of swindlers and thieves". In October 2012, one of his aides, Leonid Razvozzhayev, was allegedly abducted from Kiev, Ukraine, while seeking asylum from charges that he had conspired with a Georgian politician and Russian opposition leader Sergei Udaltsov to cause mass rioting.
Ponomarev studied physics from Moscow State University. After working for the now-defunct oil company Yukos from 1998-2001, he went on to earn a living as a technology entrepreneur. He is a self-described communist, and in 2003 worked as the chief information officer of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.
Opposition to Putin
In 2012, Ponomarev and fellow MP Dmitry G. Gudkov took a leadership role in street protests against Putin's rule. Following the 4 March presidential election, in which Putin was elected for his third term as president, Ponomarev accused the government of unfair vote-counting practices, stating that the election should have been close enough for a run-off. In May, Ponomarev criticized Putin's decision to retain Igor Shuvalov in his cabinet despite a corruption scandal. The following month, Ponomarev and Gudkov led a filibuster against a bill by Putin's United Russia party allowing large fines for anti-government protesters; though the filibuster was unsuccessful, the action attracted widespread attention. In July, he criticized the government response to the widespread flooding in Southern Russia, which killed 172 people.
In August 2012, Ponomarev made a speech in the Duma in which he called United Russia members "swindlers and thieves", a phrase originally used by anti-corruption activist Aleksei Navalny. One month later, Duma members voted to censure Ponomarev and bar him from speaking for one month. United Russia members also proposed charging him with defamation.
Censorship of Internet
In 2012 Ilya Ponomarev has supported legislation introduced by his party mate and fellow parliamentarian Yelena Mizulina, which critics compare with the Chinese Internet Firewall -- RosKomCenzura blocklist of censored pages, domain names and IP addresses. Ponomarev explained his actions with possibility to create self-governing body of Net-activists, which was proposed in the bill, but a Russian blogger and journalist Maxim "Parker" Kononenko has accused Ponomarev of lobbying commercial interests of the company "Infra-engineering" owned by Konstantin Malofeev, a businessman deeply connected with the censorship lobby, where Vladimir Ponomarev, father of Ilya Ponomarev, served on the board as an independent director. According to the law, all Internet providers are obliged to install expensive DPI (Deep Packet Inspection) hardware, which some people believed will go through "Infra-engineering". In reality none of DPI servers were ever sold by "Infra-engineering", but Vladimir Ponomarev had resigned from the board to stop speculations.
In July 2013 Ilya Ponomarev took part in the meeting of Russian Pirate Party, where announced that his support for Mizulina's bill was a mistake[unreliable source] and later numerously voted against new initiatives by Russian government to restrict Internet freedoms and became instrumental in campaign against Russian version of SOPA.
Leonid Razvozzhayev incident
In October 2012, the pro-government news channel NTV aired a documentary which accused Ponomarev's aide Leonid Razvozzhayev of arranging a meeting between another opposition leader, the Left Front's Sergei Udaltsov, and a Georgian official, for the purpose of overthrowing President Vladimir Putin. A spokesman for Russian investigators stated that the government was considering terrorism charges against Udaltsov, and Razvozzhayev, Udaltsov, and Konstantin Lebedev, an assistant of Udaltsov's, were charged with "plotting mass disturbances". Razvozzhayev fled to Kiev, Ukraine, where he applied for asylum from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, but disappeared after leaving the office for lunch. He resurfaced in Moscow three days later, where the website Life News caught him on tape leaving a Moscow courthouse, shouting that he had been abducted and tortured. A spokesman for Russia's Investigative Committee stated that Razvozzhayev had not been abducted, but had turned himself in freely and volunteered a confession of his conspiracy with Udaltsov and Lebedev to cause widespread rioting.
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- "«Сегодня в Думе рассматривают закон об интернете во втором (и в третьем) чтении. Правда о законе»". Ponomarev's blog, Livejournal.com. 11/7/2012.
- Lukas I. Alpert (July 11, 2012). "Russian Duma Passes Internet Censorship Bill". Wall Street Journal.
- ""Kитайский интернет" в России, а также - почему Илья Пономарев голосовал за интернет-цензуру". Эхо России (общественно-политический журнал). 26/11/2012.
- "Заявление членов Совета в отношении законопроекта № 89417-6 «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "О защите детей от информации, причиняющей вред их здоровью и развитию"". Совет при Президенте Российской Федерации по развитию гражданского общества и правам человека. Archived from the original on 2013-02-02. Retrieved 2013-01-30.
- "Почему Илья Пономарев голосовал за реестр запрещенных сайтов". Идiотъ: Махим Кононенко's blog. 2012/11/14/.
- "Полиция обыскала офис холдинга «Инфра инжиниринг» Константина Малофеева". Ведомости. 11.12.2013.
- Живой журнал Влада Тупикина, "Репортаж с митинга Пиратской партии против закона об Интернете 28 июля 2013 года"
- David M. Herzenhorn (22 October 2012). "Opposition Figure Wanted in Russia Says He Was Kidnapped and Tortured". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- "Russia must investigate claims Leonid Razvozzhayev was abducted and tortured". Amnesty International. 24 October 2012. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- "Леонид Развозжаев признался в организации беспорядков на митинге 6 мая на Болотной площади в Москве" (in Russian). lifenews.ru. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Brian Whitmore (23 October 2012). "The Seizure Of Leonid Razvozzhayev". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Ilya Ponomarev. "Илья Пономарев о себе". cprf.info. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.