Ilya Ponomarev at the 2012 Horasis Global Russia Business Meeting
August 6, 1975 |
|Other names||Ilya Ponomaryov|
|Known for||opposition to Vladimir Putin; initiating Skolkovo Foundation; vote against annexation of Crimea and position against war in Ukraine|
|Left Front, Communist Party of Russia, A Just Russia|
Ilya Vladimirovich Ponomarev (Russian: Илья́ Влади́мирович Пономарёв; born 6 August 1975 in Moscow) is a Russian left-wing politician and technology entrepreneur. Ponomarev has more than 20 years of prominent political stance, complemented with international operational and investment experience working in high technology industries with primary focus on IT and energy.
Ilya Ponomarev holds BSc in Physics from Moscow State University and Master of Public Administration from Russian State Social University.  He started his career when he was 14 years old in Institute for Nuclear Safety (IBRAE), Russian Academy of Sciences. Later Ponomarev was among founders of two successful high technology start-ups in Russia, the first one (RussProfi) - when he turned 16 years. His first job position was in Institute for Nuclear Safety (IBRAE), Russian Academy of Sciences. After he worked in Schlumberger in 1996-1998 and now-defunct oil company Yukos from 1998-2001, he went on to earn a living as a technology entrepreneur. He is a self-described communist, and in 2002-2007 worked as the chief information officer of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation.
Most remarkable positions of Ponomarev include: - Vice president of Yukos Oil Company, largest Russian oil and gas corporation. Ponomarev’s duties during 4 years at Yukos at different times included being corporate CIO as well as chief executive and chief of operations in Yukos’ oilfield technologies and services subsidiaries and daughter investment company (specialized in high technologies) - Director for Business Development and Marketing in CIS for Schlumberger Oilfield Services, responsible for scouting, adopting into Schlumberger product lines and further global marketing of Russia-originated technologies in energy sector - Vice president for strategy, regional development and government relations at IBS, largest Russian system integrator and consulting company
In 2006-2007, Ponomarev was working for Secretary of IT and Telecom as national coordinator for hi-tech parks task force - $6 bln. private-public project to develop a network of small settlements across the country for fostering innovation and R&D activities.
In December 2007 Ilya Ponomarev was elected to the State Duma, representing Novosibirsk. In Duma Ilya Ponomarev chairs Innovation and Venture capital subcommittee of Committee for Economical Development and Entrepreneurship (formerly Technology Development subcommittee of Committee of Information Technologies and Communications). He is author of amendments to the Civil Code, legalizing LLPs in Russia, Net Businesses Act, tax breaks for technology companies, current State Procurement Law and numerous other fiscal and economic measures to support small and medium businesses in Russia and foster competition.
In 2010-2012 in parallel to being member of Duma Ponomarev also headed International Business Development, Commercialization and Technology Transfer for Skolkovo Foundation – managing company of the project initiated by Pres. Dmitry Medvedev, which is the spinal cord of Russian innovation ecosystem. He was responsible for creating SkolTech - joint university between Russia and MIT.
In May 2014 Ilya Ponomarev orchestrated a successful campaign of coalition of opposition forces for the post of Mayor of Novosibirsk, the largest municipality in Russia, and was named Counselor for Strategic Development and Investments for city of Novosibirsk.
He is member of Society of Petroleum Engineers (IT), Council for Foreign and Defense Policies, Council for National Strategy, fellow at “Open Russia” foundation. Ponomarev is supervising innovation policies research at Institute of Contemporary Development (INSOR, think-tank chaired by Pres. Medvedev), and political studies at Institute of Globalization Studies (IPROG). He also chairs Boards of Trustees at Institute of Innovation Studies, think tank working on legislation for high-tech industries, and Open Projects Foundation – investment vehicle for projects in crowdfunding, crowdsourcing and open government. Ilya Ponomarev is a member of Global Science and Innovations Council (GSIAC), chaired by Prime Minister of Malaysia. He is an author of numerous research papers and magazine articles about new economy development, regional policies, education and international relations. In 2014 Ilya Ponomarev became founder of Institute of Siberia – analytical center focused on regional development of this dynamic Russian territory.
During his political career, he was member of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (2002-2007) and member of Central Committee Social-Democrat political party A Just Russia (2007-2013), at the beginning of 2014 took part in formation of new political party “Alliance of Greens and Social-Democrats”.
Opposition to Putin
In 2012, Ponomarev and fellow MP Dmitry G. Gudkov took a leadership role in street protests against Putin's rule. Following the 4 March presidential election, in which Putin was elected for his third term as president, Ponomarev accused the government of unfair vote-counting practices, stating that the election should have been close enough for a run-off. In May, Ponomarev criticized Putin's decision to retain Igor Shuvalov in his cabinet despite a corruption scandal. The following month, Ponomarev and Gudkov led a filibuster against a bill by Putin's United Russia party allowing large fines for anti-government protesters; though the filibuster was unsuccessful, the action attracted widespread attention. Later among several other politicians Ponomarev successfully challenged this piece of legislation in Constitutional Court, partially rolling the situation back.
In July, he criticized the government response to the widespread flooding in Southern Russia Krymsk, which killed 172 people, and organized nation-wide fundraising campaign and went to the site to help setting up a volunteer's camp.
In August 2012, Ponomarev made a speech in the Duma in which he called United Russia members "swindlers and thieves", a phrase originally used by anti-corruption activist Aleksei Navalny. One month later, Duma members voted to censure Ponomarev and bar him from speaking for one month. United Russia members also proposed charging him with defamation.
In December 2012 Ilya Ponomarev was most vocal critic of Dima Yakovlev Law, restricting international adoption of Russian orphans (during first reading he was the only MP who voted against, in the last third reading this number grew to just eight MPs). In 2013 Ponomarev was the only MP that refused to support gay propaganda law. On 20 March 2014, Ponomarev was again the only State Duma member to vote against the accession of Crimea to the Russian Federation in the 2014 Crimean crisis.
Censorship of Internet
In 2012 Ilya Ponomarev has supported legislation introduced by his party mate and fellow parliamentarian Yelena Mizulina, which critics compare with the Chinese Internet Firewall -- RosKomCenzura blocklist of censored pages, domain names and IP addresses. Ponomarev explained his actions with possibility to create self-governing body of Net-activists, which was proposed in the bill, but a Russian blogger and journalist Maxim "Parker" Kononenko has accused Ponomarev of lobbying commercial interests of the company "Infra-engineering" owned by Konstantin Malofeev, a businessman deeply connected with the censorship lobby, where Vladimir Ponomarev, father of Ilya Ponomarev, served on the board as an independent director. According to the law, all Internet providers are obliged to install expensive DPI (Deep Packet Inspection) hardware, which some people believed will go through "Infra-engineering". In reality none of DPI servers were ever sold by "Infra-engineering", but Vladimir Ponomarev had resigned from the board to stop speculations.
In July 2013 Ilya Ponomarev took part in the meeting of Russian Pirate Party, where announced that his support for Mizulina's bill was a mistake[unreliable source] and later numerously voted against new initiatives by Russian government to restrict Internet freedoms and became instrumental in campaign against Russian version of SOPA.
Leonid Razvozzhayev incident
In October 2012, the pro-government news channel NTV aired a documentary which accused Ponomarev's aide Leonid Razvozzhayev of arranging a meeting between another opposition leader, the Left Front's Sergei Udaltsov, and a Georgian official, for the purpose of overthrowing President Vladimir Putin. A spokesman for Russian investigators stated that the government was considering terrorism charges against Udaltsov, and Razvozzhayev, Udaltsov, and Konstantin Lebedev, an assistant of Udaltsov's, were charged with "plotting mass disturbances". Razvozzhayev fled to Kiev, Ukraine, where he applied for asylum from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, but disappeared after leaving the office for lunch. He resurfaced in Moscow three days later, where the website Life News caught him on tape leaving a Moscow courthouse, shouting that he had been abducted and tortured. A spokesman for Russia's Investigative Committee stated that Razvozzhayev had not been abducted, but had turned himself in freely and volunteered a confession of his conspiracy with Udaltsov and Lebedev to cause widespread rioting.
Ponomarev married in 1994 and has a son and a daughter. His mother, Larisa Ponomarev, was a MP in the upper house of Russia's Parliament, the Federation Council until September 2013, when she was forced to resign following her lone vote against Dima Yakovlev Law. Ponomarev is a nephew of Boris Ponomarev, Secretary for International Relations of Communist Party of Soviet Union. Ponomarev's grandfather Nickolay Ponomarev was Soviet ambassador in Poland and is believed to prevent USSR's invasion in the country together with Wojciech Jaruzelski and paid with his career for doing that.
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- "Сегодня в Думе рассматривают закон об интернете во втором (и в третьем) чтении. Правда о законе". Ponomarev's blog, Livejournal.com. 11/7/2012.
- Lukas I. Alpert (July 11, 2012). "Russian Duma Passes Internet Censorship Bill". Wall Street Journal.
- ""Kитайский интернет" в России, а также - почему Илья Пономарев голосовал за интернет-цензуру". Эхо России (общественно-политический журнал). 2012-11-26.
- "Заявление членов Совета в отношении законопроекта № 89417-6 «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "О защите детей от информации, причиняющей вред их здоровью и развитию"". Совет при Президенте Российской Федерации по развитию гражданского общества и правам человека. Archived from the original on 2013-02-02. Retrieved 2013-01-30.
- "Почему Илья Пономарев голосовал за реестр запрещенных сайтов". Идiотъ: Махим Кононенко's blog. 2012-11-14.
- "Полиция обыскала офис холдинга "Инфра инжиниринг" Константина Малофеева". Ведомости. 11.12.2013.
- Живой журнал Влада Тупикина, "Репортаж с митинга Пиратской партии против закона об Интернете 28 июля 2013 года"
- David M. Herzenhorn (22 October 2012). "Opposition Figure Wanted in Russia Says He Was Kidnapped and Tortured". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- "Russia must investigate claims Leonid Razvozzhayev was abducted and tortured". Amnesty International. 24 October 2012. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- "Леонид Развозжаев признался в организации беспорядков на митинге 6 мая на Болотной площади в Москве" (in Russian). lifenews.ru. 22 October 2012. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Brian Whitmore (23 October 2012). "The Seizure Of Leonid Razvozzhayev". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.
- Ilya Ponomarev. "Илья Пономарев о себе". cprf.info. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2012.