Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University
Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (Russian: Балтийский федеральный университет имени Иммануила Канта) formerly known as the Immanuel Kant Russian State University (Russian: Российский государственный университет имени Иммануила Канта, Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet imeni Immanuila Kanta), or in brief the Kant University (Russian: Университет Канта, Universitet Kanta) and as Kaliningrad State University (1967-2005), is a university in the Russian city of Kaliningrad (formerly Königsberg).
The former University of Königsberg was commonly known as the Albertina. It was East Prussia's sole university and was specially regarded for its mathematics and astronomy. The campus was severely damaged by British aerial bombing in August 1944 during World War II. The Albertina was closed after Königsberg was captured by the Red Army in 1945, and the city's population was held as slave laborers for two years before finally being expelled.
After the war, Königsberg was renamed Kaliningrad and the new Russophone Kaliningrad State Pedagogical Institute used the campus of the Albertina from 1948 to 1967, including the main Albertina building inaugurated in 1862, in which some of the original structure can still be seen. In 1967, the institute received the status of a university and became known as Kaliningrad State University.
In 2005, during the celebrations of the 750th anniversary of the founding of Königsberg, President Vladimir Putin of Russia and Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of Germany announced that the university would be renamed Immanuel Kant Russian State University in honour of Immanuel Kant.
As of 2005, the university consisted of twelve faculties with courses ranging from Natural Sciences to the Humanities. It had approximately 12,800 students enrolled, both undergraduate and post-graduate, and 580 faculty staff. IKSUR's Kant Society was created to study Kantianism, or Kantian philosophy. The university is also interested in the historical connections between Königsberg and Russia as far back as the 16th century.
In 2010-2011 the university is undergoing an enlargement and rebranding process which will lead to changing its name from Immanuel Kant State University of Russia to Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University.
Education and training
The Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University of today is an educational, scientific, cultural and enlightenment centre of the westernmost region of Russia.
- The university has introduced vocational training programmes.
- The university implements more than 300 educational programmes in the fields of secondary, vocational and higher education as well as continuing and post-university education.
- The university employs 900 teaching staff.
- The total number of students and doctoral students exceeds 14,000.
- List of the IKBFU educational programmes participating in the "Best educational programme of innovative Russia" project, which is being carried out by the Guild of professional education experts, the National centre of public accreditation and the editorial board of the Akkreditathsiya v obrazovanii magazine:
Social and cultural services and tourism; Law; Services; Interpreting and translation studies; Applied mathematics and informatics; Marketing; Mathematical maintenance and administration of information systems; Tourism; Mathematics; Philosophy; Journalism; Transport management and logistics.
Percentage of students according to the major fields of study
- Humanities 37.2%
- Economics and Management 12.4%
- Services 10.7%
- Natural Sciences 10.4%
- Physical and Mathematical Sciences 8.2%
- Transport 5.8%
- Education and Pedagogy 4.4%
- Healthcare 4.0%
- Information Security 2.8%
- Electronic and Radio Engineering and Communications 1.6%
- Social Sciences 1.5%
- Culture and Arts 1.0%
A science park was set up at the university in 2008. The major task of the park is the concentration of research potential. The IKBFU innovation park implements the Presidential programme for training managerial staff for national enterprises. The educational courses offered within this programme enable students to acquire expertise in the application of approaches and tools for strategic development in a business environment.
The level of international cooperation places IKBFU amongst the top ten higher educational institutions of Russia. One of the goals of the International Office of IKBFU is to promote interest in the Russian educational system among the Baltic Sea States. The aim of the International Office is managing and coordinating international activities of the university as a whole, its students and Ph.D. candidates, teachers and staff members. The International Office deals not only with the academic and research exchange programs or organization of foreign delegations visits, but also launches and arranges international events including international cyber sport tournaments and theatre festivals.