Immatain

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Immatain
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic إماتين
 • Hebrew אימאתין
Viewpoint of Immatain
Viewpoint of Immatain
Immatain is located in the Palestinian territories
Immatain
Immatain
Location of Immatain within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°11′31″N 35°09′27″E / 32.19194°N 35.15750°E / 32.19194; 35.15750Coordinates: 32°11′31″N 35°09′27″E / 32.19194°N 35.15750°E / 32.19194; 35.15750
Governorate Qalqilya
Founded 1250 (estimate)
Government
 • Type Village Council
 • Head of Municipality Haythem Sameer Sawan
Area
 • Jurisdiction 10,000 dunams (10.0 km2 or 3.9 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 2,450
Name meaning Amatin p.n.,[1] Ferata, p.n.[2]

Immatain (Arabic: إماتين‎, Hebrew: אימאתין) is a Palestinian village located in the Qalqilya Governorate in the northwestern West Bank, about seventeen kilometers southwest of Nablus. The current mayor of Immatain is Haythem Sawan.

Population[edit]

According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Immatain had a population of approximately 2,450 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[3] Almost double the amount live abroad for political and economical reasons.[citation needed] Each year an average of two family units immigrate from Immatain.[citation needed] Immatain has four families. They are Sawan, Ghanim, Albaree, and Matanee.

Family name Population est. Percent of the population
Sawan 1220 49.8%
Ghanim 850 34.7%
Albaree 255 10.4%
Matanee 125 5.1%

Geography[edit]

The village's lands are mostly filled with olive trees, forests, and blooming vegetation and is a prime farming location. Immatain relies on agriculture and support from descendants who reside abroad. The nearest locality is the village of Fara'ata, which is about one kilometer away. Immatain and the surrounding villages make Amra Area. These villages are: Fara'ata, Jit, Kafr Qaddum, Baqat al-Hatab, Hajja, Jinsafut and al-Fanduq.

History[edit]

The newly built mosque and minaret

Byzantine ceramics have been found in the village.[4]

Ottoman era[edit]

Immatain and Fara'ata were incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 Immatain appeared in the tax registers as Matin, being in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 20 households and 1 bachelor, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on wheat, barley, summer crops, olives, goats and beehives.[5]

In 1870 the French explorer Victor Guérin visited Fara'ata (now included in Immatain), which he described having "a very small number" of people, with some cisterns and remains of a stone sarcophagus as remnants of former history.[6]

In Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (1882), Immatain was described as "a village of moderates size on the slope of the hill, with a few olives."[7] Fara'ata was described as a "small village of ancient appearance, standing on a [..] mound, with a rock-cut tomb to the south, and a sacred Mukam to the east." Fara'ata was noted in the Samaritan Chronicle (from the 12th century) under the name of Ophrah, while it has been known under its present name since the 14th century.[8]

British Mandate era[edit]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Immatain (called "Ammatain") had a population of 234, all Muslims,[9] while in the 1931 census Immatin had 67 occupied houses and a population of 334, again all Muslim.[10] In 1945 the population of Immatin was 440 Arabs, while the total land area was 7,155 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[11] Of this, 967 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 3,067 for cereals,[12] while 32 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[13]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Immatain came under Jordanian rule.

post-1967[edit]

After Six-Day War in 1967, Immatain has been under Israeli occupation.

Immatain has more than 20 mostly small businesses. Most of the residents work in the agriculture, while others work as retailers or laborers. Its main source of revenue is olive oil production.[citation needed]

In 2010, Far'ata was described by Gideon Levy as one of the Palestinian villages where the people "live in terror of the settlers and their accursed 'Price tag,' and nobody came to their defense".[14]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 178
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 182
  3. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Qalqilya Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
  4. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 800
  5. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 136
  6. ^ Guérin, 1875, pp. 179 -180, cited in Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 185
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 162
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, pp. 162-163
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 62
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 60
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 106
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 156
  14. ^ Twilight Zone / The mountain that was as a monster, Gideon Levy, May 20, 2010, Haaretz

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]