An immediacy index is a measure of how topical and urgent work published in a scientific journal is. Along with the better known impact factor measure, it is a calculated each year by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) for those journals which it indexes; both impact factors and immediacy indices are published annually in the Journal Citation Reports.
The immediacy index is calculated based on the papers published in a journal in a single calendar year. For example, the 2005 immediacy index for a journal would be calculated as follows:
- A = the number of times articles published by the journal in 2005 were cited in indexed journals during 2005
- B = the number of articles, reviews, proceedings or notes published by the journal in 2005
- 2005 immediacy index = A/B
- "Bibliometrics (journal measures)". Elsevier. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
a measure of the speed at which content in a particular journal is picked up and referred to
- "Glossary of Thomson Scientific Terminology". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "Journal Citation Reports Contents -- Immediacy Index" ((ONLINE)). Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
The Immediacy Index is the average number of times an article is cited in the year it is published. The journal Immediacy Index indicates how quickly articles in a journal are cited. The aggregate Immediacy Index indicates how quickly articles in a subject category are cited.
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