Immigrant Song

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"Immigrant Song"
Single by Led Zeppelin
from the album Led Zeppelin III
B-side "Hey Hey What Can I Do"
Released 5 November 1970 (1970-11-05) (US)
Format Seven-inch 45 rpm record
Recorded May–August 1970
Genre Hard rock[1][2]
Length 2:23
Label Atlantic (no. 45-2777)
Writer(s) Jimmy Page, Robert Plant
Producer(s) Jimmy Page
Led Zeppelin singles chronology
"Whole Lotta Love" / "Living Loving Maid (She's Just a Woman)"
"Immigrant Song" / "Hey Hey What Can I Do"
"Black Dog" / "Misty Mountain Hop"
Audio sample
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"Immigrant Song" is a song by the English rock band Led Zeppelin. It is built on a repeating riff and features lyrical references to Norse mythology. The song was included on their third studio album, Led Zeppelin III, and was released as a single, which charted in several countries. Several live recordings have also been issued on Led Zeppelin concert albums and other artists have recorded renditions of the song.


"Immigrant Song" was written during Led Zeppelin's tour of Iceland, Bath and Germany in the summer of 1970. The opening date of this tour took place in Reykjavík, Iceland, which inspired vocalist Robert Plant to write the song. He explained in an interview:

We weren't being pompous ... We did come from the land of the ice and snow. We were guests of the Icelandic Government on a cultural mission. We were invited to play a concert in Reykjavik and the day before we arrived all the civil servants went on strike and the gig was going to be cancelled. The university prepared a concert hall for us and it was phenomenal. The response from the kids was remarkable and we had a great time. 'Immigrant Song' was about that trip and it was the opening track on the album that was intended to be incredibly different.[3]

Six days after Led Zeppelin's appearance in Reykjavik, the band performed the song for the first time in concert during the Bath Festival.[4]

Composition and lyrics[edit]

The song begins with a distinctive, wailing cry from Plant and is built on a repeating, staccato riff by guitarist Jimmy Page, bassist John Paul Jones, and drummer John Bonham. It is performed in the key of F minor at a moderate tempo of 112 beats per minute.[5] There is a very faint count-off at the beginning of the track with lots of hiss which appears on the album version, but is trimmed from the single version. The hiss is feedback from an echo unit.[6]

The song's lyrics are written from the perspective of Vikings rowing west from Scandinavia in search of new lands. The lyrics, such as "Fight the horde, sing and cry, Valhalla, I am coming!" make explicit reference to Viking conquests and the Old Norse religion. In a 1970 radio interview, Plant jokingly recalled, "We went to Iceland, and it made you think of Vikings and big ships ... and John Bonham's stomach ... and bang, there it was – Immigrant Song!"[6]

One of the lines from the song became part of Led Zeppelin lore. The line, "the hammer of the gods/will drive our ships to new lands" prompted some people to start referring to Led Zeppelin's sound as the "Hammer of the Gods". The phrase was used as the title of Stephen Davis' biography of the band, Hammer of the Gods: The Led Zeppelin Saga. The lyrics also did much to inspire the classic heavy metal myth, of Viking-esque figures on an adventure, themes which have been adopted in the look and music of bands from Iron Maiden to Manowar.


"Immigrant Song" is one of Led Zeppelin's few single releases. It was issued in the US 5 November 1970 by Atlantic Records and reached number 16 on the Billboard singles chart.[6] "Hey Hey What Can I Do", the single's B side, was released on the 1972 UK Atlantic Records sampler The New Age of Atlantic and later on the 1990 Led Zeppelin Boxed Set. "Immigrant Song" was also mistakenly released in Japan with "Out on the Tiles" as the B-side rather than "Hey Hey What Can I Do" and is a rare collectible.

First pressings of the US single have a quote from Aleister Crowley inscribed in dead wax by the run-out groove: "Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law."[7]

Live performances[edit]

"Immigrant Song" was used to open Led Zeppelin concerts from 1970 to 1972. On the second half of their 1972 concert tour of the United States, it was introduced by a short piece of music known as "LA Drone", designed to heighten the sense of anticipation and expectation amongst the concert audience. By 1973, "Immigrant Song" was occasionally being used as an encore, but was then removed from their live set.[6] Live versions of the song can be heard on the Led Zeppelin albums How the West Was Won (featuring a performance at Long Beach Arena in 1972) and the Led Zeppelin BBC Sessions (a version from the Paris Theatre in London in 1971). When played live, Page played a lengthy guitar solo, which was absent on the recorded Led Zeppelin III version.[6] "Immigrant Song" was played as part of the 2009 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony for Jeff Beck by both Page and Beck.

Chart positions[edit]

Singles charts (1971) Peak position
Australian Go-Set Top 60 Singles Chart[8] 16
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[9] 13
Canadian CHUM Chart[10] 2
Canadian RPM Top Singles[11] 4
Germany (Media Control Charts)[12] 6
Italy (FIMI)[13] 59
Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)[14] 11
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[15] 9
Japan (Oricon)[16] 13
New Zealand (RIANZ)[17] 4
South African Chart[18] 7
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[19] 11
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[20] 4
US Billboard Hot 100[21] 16
US Cash Box Top 100 Singles Chart[22] 8
US Record World 100 Top Pops[23] 10
Digital download charts (2007) Peak position
Canadian Billboard Hot Digital Singles Chart[24] 54
UK (Official Charts Company)[25] 109
US Billboard Hot Digital Songs[26] 71

Note: The official UK Singles Chart incorporated legal downloads as of 17 April 2005.

Cover versions[edit]

""Immigrant Song" is one of Led Zeppelin's most recorded songs, with versions by a variety of artists. See List of cover versions of Led Zeppelin songs.


  • Lewis, Dave (2004) The Complete Guide to the Music of Led Zeppelin, ISBN 0-7119-3528-9
  • Welch, Chris (1998) Led Zeppelin: Dazed and Confused: The Stories Behind Every Song, ISBN 1-56025-818-7


  1. ^ "Immigrant Song: Review". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2013-04-25. 
  2. ^ Reebee Garofalo (2008). Pearson Prentice Hall, ed. Rockin' out: popular music in the USA. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-13-234305-3.  "Led Zeppelin III (1970) balanced the hard rock riffing on cuts like "Immigrant Song" with a whole side of largely acoustic music."
  3. ^ Chris Welch (1994) Led Zeppelin, London: Orion Books. ISBN 1-85797-930-3, p. 55.
  4. ^ Lewis, Dave and Pallett, Simon (1997) Led Zeppelin: The Concert File, London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-5307-4, pp. 50–51.
  5. ^ Fricke, David (2008). Led Zeppelin Mothership. Alfred Publishing Co. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-7390-5317-1. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Dave Lewis (1994), The Complete Guide to the Music of Led Zeppelin, Omnibus Press, ISBN 0-7119-3528-9.
  7. ^ "Led Zeppelin III (Led Zeppelin) Easter Egg - Alastair Crowley in the Dead Wax". Retrieved 25 February 2011. 
  8. ^ "Top 60 Singles - 6 March 1971". Go Set. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  9. ^ "Led Zeppelin – Immigrant Song –" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  10. ^ "CHUM Singles Chart - 23 January 1971". Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  11. ^ "RPM Singles Chart - 23 January 1971". RPM. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  12. ^ "Led Zeppelin – Immigrant Song". GfK Entertainment.
  13. ^ "Top 100 Singles - 1970". Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  14. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Led Zeppelin search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40.
  15. ^ " – Led Zeppelin – Immigrant Song" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  16. ^ "Top 100 Singles - 25 January 1971". Oricon. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  17. ^ Scapolo, Dean (2007). "Top 50 Singles - May 1971". The Complete New Zealand Music Charts (1st ed.). Wellington: Transpress. ISBN 978-1-877443-00-8. 
  18. ^ "Top 20 Singles - 26 February 1971". Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  19. ^ "Top 100 Singles - May 1971". PROMUSICAE. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  20. ^ "Led Zeppelin – Immigrant Song –". Swiss Singles Chart.
  21. ^ "Led Zeppelin awards on Allmusic". Allmusic. Retrieved 2 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "Top 100 Singles - 9 January 1971". Cash Box. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  23. ^ "Top 40 for 1971 - January 1971". Record World. Retrieved 19 January 2009. [dead link]
  24. ^ "Hot Digital Singles - 1 December 2007". Billboard. Retrieved 17 January 2009. [dead link]
  25. ^ "Top 75 Singles - 18 November 2007". Retrieved 17 January 2009. 
  26. ^ "Hot Digital Songs - 1 December 2007". Billboard. Retrieved 17 January 2009. [dead link]

External links[edit]