Immigration Equality (organization)
Logo of Immigration Equality
|Motto||The only national organization in the country fighting for equality for LGBT and HIV-positive immigrants.|
|Formation||March 3, 1994|
|Type||NGO (non-governmental agency)|
|Legal status||Non-profit advocacy|
|Purpose||Advocating for equal immigration and asylum rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, (LGBT) and HIV-positive people|
|Headquarters||New York City|
|Executive Director||Caroline Dessert|
Immigration Equality is a United States nonprofit organization founded in 1994. Based in New York, it is the only national organization that both advocates for and directly represents LGBT and HIV-positive people in the immigration system.
The organization provides guidance and legal counsel for LGBT immigrants, particularly those seeking asylum from countries where they face persecution. Immigration Equality also works for immigrants who are coping with HIV and the obstacles it presents to immigration. In 2013, it provided over $16 million in free legal services for low-income LGBT and HIV-positive immigrants. It wins 99% of its cases.
Direct legal representation and clients
Immigration Equality represents LGBT and HIV-positive immigrants seeking safety, fair treatment, and freedom in the United States. Its clients include asylum seekers, binational couples and families, detainees, and undocumented people.
In over 80 countries worldwide, it is a crime to be LGBT. Due to their sexual orientation, gender identity, or HIV status, clients are persecuted in their country of origin and flee to the United States. The fear of further abuse, torture, and death prevents their return. Without legal immigration status in the United States, they can be detained by immigration officials and deported. Immigration Equality helps clients to win asylum or release from detention so they can live safely and freely in the United States.
Clients detained in detention centers have reported abuse by fellow detainees and guards. They often report spending a majority of their time isolated in solitary confinement, particularly transgender woman who are housed in male facilities.
Historically, Immigration Equality’s largest source of clients has come from Jamaica, with Mexico trailing right behind. In 2013, with Russia’s “anti-gay propaganda” law, the organization’s number of Russian clients surpassed the amount of Mexican clients.
Over the last 20 years, the largest percentage of Immigration Equality clients has come from the Caribbean and Latin America. As more countries worldwide pass anti-LGBT laws, the number of individuals coming to Immigration Equality from Russia, the Middle East, and Sub-Saharan Africa has increased.
Immigration Equality has a remarkable 99% win rate for their clients in asylum offices and immigration court. In 2013, the organization represented approximately 354 clients. Immigration Equality maintains a list of LGBT and HIV-competent private immigration attorneys to provide legal representation for those who contact them. They also provide technical assistance to attorneys who are working on sexual orientation, transgender identity, or HIV status-based right of asylum applications, or other immigration applications where the client’s LGBT or HIV-positive identity is at issue in the case.
Immigration Equality advocates for client-driven policy priorities such as creating comprehensive immigration reform, implementing LGBT-inclusive legislation and policy, and asking for accountability from decision-makers in Washington.
According to Immigration Equality, the following policy changes are still needed to advance the LGBT immigrant community: stop deporting LGBT immigrants, repeal the arbitrary one-year filing deadline for asylum, include LGBT people in administrative relief and immigration reform, improve conditions in immigration detention, increase the use of alternatives to detention, decrease asylum backlogs by hiring the appropriate number of officials, recognize ‘families’ to include those without access to marriage equality, and utilize group-based protection mechanisms for LGBT people trapped abroad.
In September 2014, Immigration Equality rallied before the White House to call for immediate action after President Obama announced a delay on his executive action on immigration. Members of the organization traveled to D.C with clients to tell their stories and protest in the offices of House representatives, including John Boehner (R-Ohio), House Judiciary Committee Chair Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.) and Rep. Jason Chaffetz (R-Utah), but they refused to meet with the activists.
The organization was founded in 1994 by Suzanne Goldberg, Noemi Masliah, and Lavi Soloway as the Lesbian and Gay Immigration Rights Task Force.
In 2004, the organization officially changed their name to Immigration Equality.
In May 2006, in conjunction with the Human Rights Watch, Immigration Equality released their report - "Family, Unvalued: Discrimination, Denial, and the Fate of Binational Same-Sex Couples under United States Law," which was based on research conducted from 2003-2006 to "emphasize and spotlight the plight of same-sex binational couples". The report documented the cases of couples who hid the fact they were in a same-sex relationship when reporting to the 2000 U.S. Census because they feared anti-LGBT bias in the immigration process, as well as cases of couples who failed to participate in the census because their foreign partners were living in the United States illegally. The report also cited couples who were affected by U.S. immigration policies that overlook same-sex bi-national couples completely and outlined facts about the U.S.'s current visa and immigration system explaining how LGBT people either fit into the system or do not.
Immigration Equality ccampaigned to lift the ban on travel and immigration into the U.S. on the part of those with HIV, which had been enacted in 1987 and strengthened in 1993. In July 2008, President George Bush signed legislation to permit the lifting of the ban. President Obama announced in October 2009 that the Department Health and Human Services was publishing rules that would end the 22-year ban by removing HIV from list of "communicable disease[s] of public health significance" that the Immigration Service relied on. The ban was lifted in January 2010.
In 2008, Immigration Equality opened their Washington, DC office, shortly after Congress repealed the HIV immigration and travel ban, fulfilling one of the organization’s founding objectives. During the same year, Immigration Equality, in conjunction with the Transgender Law Center, drafted Immigration Law and the Transgender Client, a manual published by the American Immigration Lawyers Association, the first LGBT publication that the latter organization has issued. Immigration Equality also won over fifty political asylum cases where the potential deportees feared persecution if returned to their homeland.
In 2009, the group created the Immigration Equality Action Fund, a 501(c)4 organization devoted to federal lobbying.
In 2013, Immigration Equality provided more than 32,704 hours of free legal service by their legal team and partners. In October 2014, Immigration Equality welcomed their new executive director Caroline Dessert.
Uniting American Families Act
Immigration Equality has been the principal advocate for the Uniting American Families Act (UAFA, H.R. 1024, S. 424). They have worked to introduce the legislation, educated Congress members about the need for passage and documented Americans and their families affected by the issue. Immigration Equality has been lobbying for the act since 2000 which would allow "same-sex 'permanent partners' to present documents – joint tax filings, property records, bank accounts – to prove their relationship and petition for a green card" the same as heterosexual couples are able to do. The group placed a warning notice regarding same-sex marriage on the group's website as getting married might actually be more problematic for bi-national same-sex couples. John Nechman, co-chair of Immigration Equality explained "|[M]any of the problems related to legal civil-unions have to do with “intent” under the law. “If they go and marry, when that person goes to apply for an adjustment of status or a new F1 visa, there is going to be a question as to whether he is married. And if he puts down no, he has just committed fraud. If he puts down yes, they’re going to want to know info about the spouse; and if he’s applying for a new F1, that means temporary intent. By putting down a U.S. spouse, that means that you’re intending to stay." In July 2007 executive director Rachel B. Tiven was interviewed on Fox News' political talkshow The O'Reilly Factor about the legislation.
- "Immigration Equality". Retrieved 2014-12-22.
- Estate planning for same-sex couples Joan M. Burda, American Bar Association. General Practice, Solo, and Small Firm Section; American Bar Association, pp. 179. 2004; ISBN 1-59031-382-8, ISBN 978-1-59031-382-4.
- The End of Stigma? Gill Green, Taylor & Francis; pp.66, ISBN 0-203-88179-6, ISBN 978-0-203-88179-8.
- Refusal to Totally Lift HIV Travel Ban 'Deeply Troubling' (archived copy)HIVPlus Magazine 1 October 2008.
- Moffett, Dan. "What Is the Immigration Equality Group?". Retrieved 2014-12-22.
- "Immigration Equality Drives Progress for Human Rights & Social Justice Immigration Equality Drives Progress for Human Rights & Social Justice". Retrieved 2014-12-22.
- Sabbadini, Renato; Zhu, Jingshu; Paoli, Lucas (2014). "Lesbian and Gay Rights in the World" (PDF). ILGA, the International Lesbian Gay Bisexual Trans and Intersex Association. Retrieved 2014-12-22.
- Robinson, Gene (2014-06-29). "LGBT Asylum Seekers Need America More Than Ever". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2014-12-22.
- Gruberg, Sharita (2013-11). "Dignity Denied: LGBT Immigrants in U.S. Immigration Detention". Center for American Progress. Check date values in:
- Gay Refugees Seek Asylum in U.S.: Tell Me More - Behind Closed Doors National Public Radio, August 13, 2007.
- Margolin, Emma (2014-09-10). "LGBT immigrants protest against ‘death sentence’ deportations". msnbc. Retrieved 2014-12-22.
- Report spotlights GLBT immigration challenges: House bill seeks to allow U.S. citizens to sponsor foreign same-sex partners Anthony Baldman, May 18, 2006, Gay and Lesbian Times.
- New York Times: Julia Preston, "Obama Lifts a Ban on Entry Into U.S. by H.I.V.-Positive People," October 30, 2009, accessed April 2, 2012. See also MSNBC: JoNel Aleccia, "HIV travel ban may be lifted for infected visitors," July 17, 2009, accessed April 2, 2012
- New York Times: Scott James, "With Ban on H.I.V. Immigrants Now History, Relief and Revision," March 19, 2010, accessed April 2, 2012
- Gay Filipino professor wins political asylum after revealing a 30-year secret of sexual abuse Jessie Mangaliman, San Jose Mercury News, 8 June 2009.
- "Southern California native Caroline Dessert named executive director of Immigration Equality". San Diego Gay and Lesbian News. 2014-10-01. Retrieved 2014-12-22.
- Immigration equality picks up more Congressional support: Senate and House add co-sponsors, some couples are still skeptical Jessica Carreras, October 2, 2008 (Issue 1640), Between The Lines News.
- Immigration not an option for all couples: Same-sex couples in which one partner is from another country seek ways to stay together. Amy Taxin, The Orange County Register, April 14, 2008.
- First Ever Hearing on GLBT Immigration Equality June 3, 2009, Bob Roehr, Windy City Times.
- Video clip of Fox News' The O'Reilly Factor July 18, 2007.
- Love, borders and the INS: You love someone who’s not an American citizen. You can’t get married. You can’t get a visa. You can’t change citizenship. Is there anything you can you do? Abby Schwartz, April 29, 2004, Gay and Lesbian Times.
- U.S. House. 111th Congress, 1st Session. op. cit., see Cosponsors.
- U.S. Senate. 111th Congress, 1st Session. op. cit., see Cosponsors.