Imperative mandate is a political system in which parliamentary deputies can only enact policies in accordance with concretely transmitted preference by their electors. The institution of imperative mandate has been rarely applied. Some political scientists have argued an imperative mandate would limit the freedom of parliamentary deputies. Others state that there is no democratic value in freeing them from their voters' influence, and that such freedom would expose them to bribery and such. The imperative mandate was banned by the royalist members of the French National Assembly of 1789 to block greater influence by the people.
- Ideology and Strategy: A Century of Swedish Politics (Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions) by Leif Lewin, Cambridge University Press, 1989, ISBN 0521343305/ISBN 978-0521343305
- Comparative Politics: The Principal-Agent Perspective (Routledge Research in Comparative Politics), by Jan-Erik Lane, Routledge, 2007, ISBN 0415432065/ISBN 978-0415432061
- Constitutional Culture and Democratic Rule (Murphy Institute Studies in Political Economy) by John Ferejohn, Jack N. Rakove, and Jonathan Riley, Cambridge University Press, 2010, ISBN 052179370X/ISBN 978-0521793704
- The Remaking of France: The National Assembly and the Constitution of 1791 by Michael Fitzsimmons, Cambridge University Press, 2002, ISBN 0521893771/ISBN 978-0521893770
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