The Council of Trent (1545-1563) was the first council to comment on the matter. It defined contrition (perfect or imperfect) as "sorrow of soul, and a hatred of sin committed, with a firm purpose of not sinning in the future". However, while perfect contrition is motivated out of a love of God, imperfect contrition is motivated for other reasons, such as "the consideration of the turpitude of sin or from the fear of hell and punishment". Therefore, it declared, "If any man assert that attrition ... is not a true and a profitable sorrow; that it does not prepare the soul for grace, but that it makes a man a hypocrite, yea, even a greater sinner, let him be anathema."
Jesus's invocations in the Gospels, of the threat of hell, are held to justify the belief that imperfect contrition can be a source of grace. Biblical support for attrition can be found in Proverbs 13:13, Proverbs 14:26-27, Proverbs 19:23, Matthew 10:28, and Philippians 2:12 in The New King James Version of the Bible (which is a Protestant, not a Catholic Bible edition, but which does share most of its content with a canonical Catholic version like the New American Bible, the Revised Standard Version, the New Revised Standard Version, or the Jerusalem Bible).
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