Imperial Palace Hall Reconstruction
The Imperial Palace Hall Reconstruction in the Royal Ontario Museum is a full scale model of a section of a 17th-century Chinese Imperial Palace building in Beijing’s Forbidden City. The hall was built in 2005 at the National Museum of Chinese Architecture in Beijing and transported in pieces to the museum in Toronto where it was reconstructed in the Gallery. This object is a center piece to the Chinese Galleries and is used by many to illustrate to the detailed work of craftsmen during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912).
The bright colors, carvings and terra cotta tiles are all reflective of the Qing Dynasty. The architecture of this time period is also filled with symbolism, as with most eras in Chinese architecture. Traditionally, wooden buildings were a place for the living to use while stone construction was used to house the dead (see ROM's Ming Tomb). The hall was built using the traditional methods and materials of Ancient Chinese wooden architecture. The original palace is 5 bays wide and 4 bays deep. A "bay" is the space between each large support column. This unique construction allows for the columns to support the weight of the roof without the need for any load bearing walls.
Architectural features of note are the Dougong, which are the brightly painted bracket clusters supporting the tile roof, which were carved using traditional methods. The glazed roof tiles and dragon figures are representative of temple decoration.
- Steinhardt, Nancy Shatzman (1984). Chinese traditional architecture. New York: China Institute in America.
- "Gallery of Chinese Architecture- Level 1 - Royal Ontario Museum". www.rom.on.ca. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
- Fulford, Robert. "ROM with a view: With the opening of its newest galleries, the Royal Ontario Museum hopes to shed some light on both its collections and its own history". National Post.
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