Santa Cruz Estate

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Imperial palace of Santa Cruz
Imperial palace of Santa Cruz
The palace in 1823
The Emperor enjoying the view of the palace

The Santa Cruz Estate is a former imperial rural residence in Santa Cruz, Rio de Janeiro. Original a jesuit estate and convent dating from 1570, it became a residence of the Portuguese viceroys in Brazil at the end of the 18th century. With the arrival of Portuguese king Dom João VI and the royal family to Brazil in 1808, the palace became a royal residence. After the return of Dom João VI to Portugal, the Prince Regent Dom Pedro I continued to use the palace. After his marriage to princess Leopoldina in 1818, they spent their honeymoon in the palace. With the independence of Brazil in 1822, the palace became an imperial palace. Also emperor Dom Pedro II used the palace as a summer residence. After the proclamation of the republic, the palace became a military school, which it is still today.


  • Freitas, Benedicto. Santa Cruz-Fazenda Jesuítica, Real e Imperial. Volumes I, II e III. Rio de Janeiro, Asa Artes Gráficas: 1985.
  • Gama, José de Saldanha da. História da Imperial Fazenda de Santa Cruz. Revista do IHGB - Tomo 38

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Coordinates: 22°54′36″S 43°41′07″W / 22.9100°S 43.6853°W / -22.9100; -43.6853