|Type||Public limited company|
|Traded as||LSE: IMT
|Headquarters||Bristol, United Kingdom|
|Key people||Iain Napier (Chairman)
Alison Cooper (CEO)
|Products||Cigarettes, cigars, fine-cut rolling tobacco, snuff, rolling papers and tubes|
|Revenue||£28.269 billion (2013)|
|Operating income||£1.958 billion (2013)|
|Net income||£0.961 billion (2013)|
Imperial Tobacco Group plc is a British multinational tobacco company headquartered in Bristol, United Kingdom. It is the world’s second-largest cigarette company measured by market share (after China Tobacco and before Philip Morris International, British American Tobacco and Japan Tobacco), and the world's largest producer of cigars, fine-cut tobacco and tobacco papers.
Imperial Tobacco produces over 320 billion cigarettes per year, has 51 factories worldwide and its products are sold in over 160 countries. Its brands include Davidoff, West, Gauloises Blondes, Montecristo, Golden Virginia (the world's largest-selling hand rolling tobacco), Drum (the world's second-largest-selling fine-cut tobacco) and Rizla (the world’s best-selling rolling paper).
Imperial Tobacco is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 100 Index. It had a market capitalisation of approximately £24.3 billion as of 23 December 2011, the 19th-largest of any company with a primary listing on the London Stock Exchange.
1901 to 2000
The Imperial Tobacco Company was created in 1901 through the amalgamation of thirteen British tobacco and cigarette companies: W.D. & H.O. Wills of Bristol (the leading manufacturer of tobacco-based products at that time), John Player & Sons of Nottingham and 11 other independent family businesses, which were being threatened by competition from the United States by the American Tobacco Company. First W. D. & H. O. Wills of Bristol merged with Stephen Mitchell & Son of Glasgow. Subsequently other smaller companies including Lambert & Butler, William Clarke & Son, Franklyn Davey, Edwards Ringer, J&F Bell and F&J Smith joined in the amalgamation. The Company's first Chairman was William Henry Wills of the Wills Company.
In 1902 the Imperial Tobacco Company and the American Tobacco Company agreed to form a joint venture: the British-American Tobacco Company Ltd. The parent companies agreed not to trade in each other's domestic territory and to assign trademarks, export businesses and overseas subsidiaries to the joint venture. It built the Imperial Tobacco Company Building at Mullins, South Carolina between 1908 and 1913. American Tobacco sold its share in 1911 but Imperial maintained an interest in British American Tobacco until 1980. In 1973 the Imperial Tobacco Company, having become increasingly diversified by acquisition of (amongst others) restaurant chains, food services and distribution businesses, changed its name to Imperial Group.
In 1910, Imperial Tobacco formed the Imperial Tobacco Company of India.
In 1985, the Company acquired the Peoples Drugstore chain and all subsidiaries from A. C. Israel. In 1986 the Company was acquired by the conglomerate Hanson Trust plc for £2.5billion. Divestments during the period of ownership by Hanson included Courage Brewery to Elders, Golden Wonder to Dalgety, Finlays to A J Patel, the wholesaling arm of Sinclair & Collis to Palmer & Harvey, Imperial Hotels and Catering to Trust House Forte and Ross Frozen Foods to United Biscuits. This also led to a dispute over pension payments to employees, as seen in Imperial Group Pension Trust Ltd v Imperial Tobacco Ltd. In 1996, following a decision to concentrate on core tobacco activities, Hanson de-merged Imperial and it was listed as an independent company on the UK stock exchange.
2000 to present
In 2003 Imperial acquired the world's then fourth largest tobacco company, Reemtsma Cigarettenfabriken GmbH of Germany: the deal added brands such as Davidoff, Peter Stuyvesant and West to its portfolio. In 2007 Imperial Tobacco entered the United States tobacco market with its $1.9 billion acquisition of Commonwealth Brands Inc, then the fourth largest tobacco company in the US. In February 2008, Imperial acquired the world's then fifth largest tobacco company Altadis whose brands included Fortuna, Gauloises Blondes and Gitanes.
Following the Scottish Parliament's decision in January 2010 to ban the display of tobacco products in shops as well as the availability of tobacco vending machines in public buildings with effect from autumn 2011, Imperial Tobacco attempted to challenge the change in the law on the grounds that regulations of the sale goods rested with the Houses of Parliament in Westminster. However, this case was dismissed on 30 September 2010 by Lord Bracadale at the Court of Session in Edinburgh.
In 2013, Imperial opened a new global headquarters in Bristol.
On July 15, 2014, Reynolds American agreed to buy Lorillard Tobacco Company, for $27.4 billion. The deal also included the sale of the Kool, Winston, Salem, and blu brands to Imperial for $7.1 billion.
Imperial Tobacco brands include:
- All JTI products in Australia – Camel, More, Mevius, etc.
- Escort (British American Tobacco's old products)
- John Player & Sons
- John Player Special
- Lambert & Butler
- Mark Fernyhough cigarettes
- Parker & Simpson
- Peter Jackson
- Peter Stuyvesant (with British American Tobacco)
- Rodeo (in Macedonia)
- Route 66
- USA Gold
- Bali Shag premium fine-cut tobacco
- Drum fine-cut tobacco
- Golden Virginia fine-cut tobacco
- Players Gold Leaf fine-cut tobacco
- RizLa+ rolling paper
- Skruf Snus
- Van Nelle fine-cut tobacco
The Nottingham factory employs about 540 people and will produce 17 billion cigarettes in 2014, although it has the capacity to produce 36 billion. The Nottngham factory, and the group's French factory in Nantes are scheduled to close in 2016, with production moved to Eastern Europe.
Imperial Tobacco's Operating Executive currently comprises the following people:
Alison Cooper – Chief Executive
Robert Dyrbus – Group Finance Director
Helen Clatworthy – Group Supply Chain Director
Fernando Domínguez – Premium Cigar Director
Roberto Funari – Group Marketing Director
Matthew Phillips – Group Corporate & Legal Affairs Director
Walter Prinz – Group Manufacturing, Research & Development Director
Kathryn Turner – Group Human Resources Director
Arthur van Benthem – Group Sales Director
- "Annual Report 2013". Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- "Alison Cooper: lighting up Imperial Tobacco". London: The Telegraph. 21 Mar 2010. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
- "Corporate Fact File". Imperial Tobacco Group plc. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- "International strategic brands". Imperial Tobacco Group plc. Retrieved 4 September 2010.
- "FTSE All-Share Index Ranking". stockchallenge.co.uk. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- Imperial Tobacco History – Formation
- Stead, W. T. (1901). The Americanization of the World. Horace Markley. pp. 379–380.
- "Imperial Tobacco Company Building" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. undated. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Imperial Tobacco History – Diversification
- Chain Drug Review, 14 March 1988 “Lane being converted to the Peoples name”
- Imperial Tobacco History – The Hanson Years
-  1 WLR 589
- Imperial Tobacco History – The Company today
- Imperial buys top German cigarette maker
- Bruce Schreiner, "Houchens expanding at a rapid pace: Company has evolved since Kentucky start", Associated Press, 24 December 2007
- Imperial Tobacco to buy Altadis for $17bn
- "Tobacco firm loses legal battle". BBC News. 30 September 2010.
- "New, ultra-green offices 'reflect company ethos'". Bristol Post. 12 July 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
- Reynolds American to Buy Lorillard in $27.4 Billion Tobacco Deal
- Mangan, Dan (July 15, 2014). "Feeling blu? E-cig company spun off in major tobacco deal". CNBC.
- Operating Executive
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