Implementation of bus rapid transit by country

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Main article: Bus rapid transit

This page describes the implementation of bus rapid transit in different countries, and gives operational and historical details by country, as well as giving details of confirmed plans or proposals for new BRT systems.

Africa[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

  • Lagos State Government is building a BRT system for the Lagos Mega City Area. The first phase of the project has been completed.

[1] [2] It is expected operate on eight routes on special BRT Lanes running through the city but will expand its operation.

First phase of the Lagos BRT to run from Mile 12 through Ikorodu Road and Funsho Williams Avenue up to CMS is now in operation (officially commissioned on March 17, 2008).

It is projected that the system will carry up to 10,000 passengers per direction per hour during peak travel hours.

The LAMATA BRT corridor is about 22 kilometres in length.

Two operators, NURTW Cooperative and LAGBUS, a Lagos State Government owned Asset Management Company are contributing about 180 high capacity buses for the implementation of the first phase Mile 12 to CMS BRT Lite system.

It is the cheapest to develop in the world costing only $1.6 million/km for the 22-km route. Cost of first corridor (Mile 12 to CMS): N4.5 billion (~US$35 million). This includes elevated segregation barriers, road repairs on bus and service lanes, desilting of blocked drainage channels and provision of bus stops.

South Africa[edit]

  • City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality, through the Johannesburg Road Development Agency in conjunction with the Johannesburg Roads Agency, plans to build a total of 330 km of the BRT lanes around Greater Johannesburg. The commercial name given to this system is Rea Vaya, meaning 'we are moving. The system will include routes from Nasrec to Ellis Park through Newtown; Dobsonville to Troyeville through the central business district (CBD); Lenasia to Sunninghill; Randburg to the CBD; Alexandra to Regina Mundi; Braamfontein to the CBD; and a central inner-city route.[1]

Just like most of the current transport projects, the system will be implemented into phases. Phase 1 of the estimated R2-billion project, which is now reaching the end of the operational planning phase, will run arti-culated ‘right-of-way’ buses along dedicated median bus lanes in both directions across Johannesburg by 2010, covering almost half of Johannesburg.[2]

The 120-km Phase 1 route will include 150 stations, eight terminals and six depots. Phase 1A, comprising a 40-km route with 48 stations, will be completed by April 2009, ahead of the FIFA Confederations Cup, while Phase 1B will add 86 km and 102 stations to the system ahead of the 2010 World Cup.

According to the City of Johannesburg website, one of the most important aspects of this new system is that it will be fully integrated with other transport networks. Rea Vaya will not be competing with other transport systems such as the South African Rail Commuter Corporation or the Gautrain.[3]

  • City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, also has plans to build a total of 472 km BRT infrastructure. The first phase will cost the City R1,9-billion and will be 92 km long, to be operational in time for the 2010 Soccer World Cup. Tshwane's first-phase bus rapid system will run from Mapobane, past Wonderpark shopping centre on the Mabopane freeway, the inner city, Brooklyn, shopping mecca Menlyn, Faerie Glen, and on to Mamelodi.

The BRT busses will make use of dedicated median lanes (as opposed to kerbside lanes) to be developed on current road alignments, thereby minimising costs. Busses will operate at two to four minute intervals during peak periods, and seven to ten minutes during off-peak periods. The system will be operational from five in the morning to midnight.[4]

Other Cities that are in the process of implementing the BRT systems are:

Tanzania[edit]

Americas[edit]

RIT's double articulated buses servicing tube stations in downtown Curitiba, Brazil.
Transfer station of Curitiba's RIT latest BRT corridor, Linha Verde (Green line).
Users boarding a TransOeste articulated bus, at the terminal in Barra da Tijuca, Rio de Janeiro.

Argentina[edit]

Running systems:

[6] It was inaugurated on 1 April 2007.

Planned systems:

  • Buenos Aires implemented the Metrobus.[7] It was inaugurated on 31 May 2011.[8] This will be a precursor to a BRT system.
  • Rosario, Santa Fe is planning a BRT system. The north-south line is the busiest line. However, this may only be a precursor to a light rail line.

Bolivia[edit]

  • La Paz: In 2014 "La Paz Bus" started operations in 3 routes, with 61 buses. For the year 2015 another 15 routes are expected, and also a BRT system is being prepared.

Brazil[edit]

  • Curitiba's Rede Integrada de Transporte pioneering system was implemented in 1974 and became the first BRT implemented in the world. Maximum peak-load capacity attained is 22,500 passenger per hour in the South Axis.
  • São Paulo:
Expresso Tiradentes
Corredor Metropolitano ABD
TransOeste. First Rio de Janeiro's BRT line opened in June 2012;
TransCarioca. Opened in June 2014;
TransOlimpica. Under construction.
Eixo Sul (Santa Maria & Gama), first line opened for testing in April 2014;
Eixo EPTG (Taugatinga), construction concluded in 2013, but still not in operation;
  • Belém: To be concluded in July/2013

Canada[edit]

The "Transitway" in Ottawa. One of the largest BRT systems in North America
  • Brampton, Ontario, (Züm): It implements the pay-on-board system, similar to its local Brampton Transit counterpart[9]
  • Calgary, Alberta (Calgary Transit): It has four routes spread across the city to connect destinations such as the city centre and Calgary International Airport. Some of these routes are being operated as a precursor to light rail transit. Its first BRT route became overwhelmingly successful that it was converted to LRT.
  • Kelowna, British Columbia (RapidBus): It is a bus route that connects Queensway Exchange in downtown Kelowna and the University of British Columbia Okanagan.
  • Halifax, Nova Scotia (MetroLink): It operates three routes, designed to link the communities of Portland Hills, Woodside, and Sackville to downtown Halifax. Fares are set higher compared to the conventional Metro Transit.
  • Montreal, Quebec (STM BRT): The only route in this system, STM Route 505 Pie-IX, uses traffic light control as a transit priority measure.
  • Ottawa, Ontario (OC Transpo): It operates one of the largest BRT systems in North America, with over 200,000 daily riders on the Ottawa Transitway, achieving peak capacities of 10,000 passengers per hour per direction. Most sections of the Transitway have a speed limit of 70–90 km/h (43–56 mph) between stations, and 50 km/h (31 mph) in the station areas. Many routes converge to the transitway to provide very frequent service.
  • Quebec City, Quebec (Métrobus): It contains four BRT routes that are spread across the city: routes 800, 801, 802 and 803.
  • Saint John, New Brunswick (ComeX): Short form for "Community Express". There are three routes in this system designed to link the communities of Grand Bay-Westfield, Rothesay, Quispamsis, and Hampton to Uptown Saint John. The fare is set higher compared to the conventional Saint John Transit.
  • Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (DART): Short term for "Direct Access Rapid Transit". There are four routes that connect downtown Saksatoon, Confederation Mall, The Centre, the University of Saskatchewan, The Mall at Lawson Heights, University Heights Suburban Centre, and SIAST Kelsey Campus. All these routes end as loops in residential areas.
  • Toronto, Ontario (Toronto Transit Commission): It operates one BRT route, the 196 York University Rocket, on the York University Busway. Though it has been successful, the TTC plans to replace it with a subway extension.[10]
  • Vancouver, British Columbia (TransLink): It operates two BRT lines, the 97 B-Line, and 99 B-Line. Both have been successful, but Vancouver estimates its Skytrain costs about 75 cents per ride compared to $1.04 to $2.22 on its BRT routes. As a result, Vancouver plans to convert all three to light rail or light rapid transit as funding permits. One former BRT route, 98 B-Line, was replaced by a rapid transit line, the Canada Line, in 2009.
  • Waterloo Region, Ontario (iXpress): Contains two routes, one of which, Route 200, will be converted to LRT service sometime in the future. More routes are being rolled out in the next half-decade to build ridership for LRT service. However, Route 200 will stay in Cambridge until the ridership is high enough to justify an LRT.[11]
  • Winnipeg, Manitoba (RT): Winnipeg's BRT system operates similarly to Ottawa's, operating along dedicated lanes outside of the downtown core, while operating on HOV lanes within it. The first phase connects the downtown with Fort Rouge, with current routes servicing the University of Manitoba along Pembina Highway, as well as a few suburban communities in the south-west. It will be eventually extended to Bison.[12]
  • York Region, Ontario (Viva): It has commenced service since 2005. In response to escalating congestion on the region's roads, York Region's transit plan included a provision for a bus rapid transit (BRT) system along the Yonge Street and Highway 7 arterial corridors.[13] Most of the system does not contain any form of transit priority measures other than an honor system of fare payment. However, construction is underway on dedicated busways, and the first segment opened on March 6, 2011.[14]

Colombia[edit]

Transmilenio articulated bus in Bogotá
  • Bogotá has opened in 2000 a successful segregated four-lane BRT system, the TransMilenio. Maximum peak-load capacity on the busiest line is 45,000 passengers per direction per hour (ppdph).[15] The system uses modular median stations that serve both directions of travel, which enable pre-paid, multiple-door, level boarding.[15] Average dwell time is 24 seconds. Trunk line termini have integrated bicycle parking (fare card opens gate to secure bike parking). Two lanes in each direction permits "Quickways" which allow local service (500- 750m apart) on the inside lane, coupled with express service (skipping 4-5 stations at a time).[16]
  • Pereira, Megabús opened In 2006.
  • Barranquilla, Barranquilla's Transmetro opened in 2010.
  • Bucaramanga, Metrolinea opened in 2010.
  • Cali, Masivo Integrado de Occidente (MIO) opened 2009 and is followed by 2 other similar systems which will be inaugurated soon (Medellín, Cartagena).
  • Medellín, Metroplús opened in 2011.

Ecuador[edit]

  • Quito has a BRT system, Metrobus-Q. It has several subsystems: Trolebús (Corredor Trole), Ecovía (Corredor Ecovía), Metrobús (Corredor Central Norte), Corredor Sur Oriental and Corredor Sur Occidental. Vehicles of Trolebús are electric trolley buses which can also operate with gas. They are all articulated buses except for "feeding" routes.
  • Guayaquil has a BRT system, Metrovia. There are several routes built and one is under construction. They are all articulated buses except for "feeding" routes.

Guatemala[edit]

  • Guatemala City: Transmetro has two lines and 32 stations. First Line opened February 3, 2007; Crosses Avenue Aguilar Batres, from Villa Nueva to Guatemala City. The Second Line started operation on August 12, 2010; Crosses 6th and 7th Avenues on a One-Way-Per-Avenue Scheme. There is a planned 3rd Line in Calle Martí.

Mexico[edit]

Metrobús on its way by Avenida de los Insurgentes crossing Paseo de la Reforma, in Mexico City.
The Quito trolleybus system has lines running on exclusive BRT lanes with underpass crossings.
  • Leon : is the first BRT system in Mexico even if some dedicated bus lanes exist in some of the biggest cities. The first BRT line was inaugurated in September 2003. It is called OPTIBUS and has 65 stations along 65.1 Kilometers.
  • Mexico City: Metrobús was officially opened to the public on 19 June 2005. The first line covers a distance of some 20 kilometres, running in a dedicated bus-lane built against the central reservation of Avenida de los Insurgentes. Avenida Insurgentes is the city's main north-to-south arterial route, constitutes a section of the Pan-American Highway, and is reputed to be the longest urban avenue in the world.
  • Guadalajara: the first BRT line was inaugurated in March 2009. It is called Macrobus and has 27 stations along 16 Kilometers.
  • Monterrey: the first BRT line was inaugurated in January 2014. It is called ECOVIA and has 41 stations along 30.1 Kilometers.
  • Chihuahua: the first BRT line was inaugurated in August 2013. It is called VIBEBÚS and has 44 stations along 20.44 Kilometers.
  • Ciudad Juárez: the first BRT line was inaugurated in November 2013. It is called VIBEBÚS and has 34 stations along 25 Kilometers.
  • Puebla: the first BRT line was inaugurated in January 2013. It is called Red Urbana de Transporte Artículado RUTA PUEBLA and has 36 stations along 18.5 Kilometers.

Peru[edit]

  • Lima: El Metropolitano is the first mass transit system implemented in Peru in decades. It has one line, from the northern district of Independencia to the southern district of Chorrillos. It uses thoroughfares such as Av. Paseo de la Republica, Av. Alfonso Ugarte and Av. Tupac Amaru. A second line is projected in order to have an East-West corridor.

United States[edit]

Before it even had the name, Bus Rapid Transit first got major backing in the United States with the rise of federal funding for urban mass transportation during the 1960s. The first exclusive busway in the United States was the El Monte Busway, an exclusive bus lane between El Monte and Los Angeles, California. It opened in 1973. Today, American BRT initiatives receive a great deal of support from the Federal Transit Administration. Planned BRT lines are now eligible to be included in the FTA's New Starts program, which was formerly reserved only for rail projects.

That notwithstanding, the FTA, in announcing its New Starts for 2005, has rated the New Britain-Hartford Busway (Connecticut) "Recommended" but Phase III of the MBTA's Silver Line BRT project "Not Recommended" based on "MBTA's unreasonable operating cost assumptions." This implies that BRT will be subject to the same scrutiny as rail projects, though (also as with rail projects) the FTA will work with the localities to see if projects can be brought into compliance with requirements.

Running systems:

Planned systems:

Venezuela[edit]

Asia[edit]

China[edit]

Beijing BRT Line 1. Note the doors on the left-hand side of the bus -- the BRT line uses central island platforms for most of its route.

Kunming developed China's first BRT system starting in 1999.[21] There are also systems operating in Beijing (2005 with 3 routes over 34.5 km, 60 stations and 4 terminals), Shanghai (2005), Guangzhou (2010) (1 route 22.5 km with 26 stations), Hangzhou (2006 with 2 routes over 18.8 km, 50 stations), Chongqing (2007 with 1 route over 6 km, 9 stations and 1 terminal), Dalian (2007), and Xiamen (1 route on 38.2 with 31 stations). As of 2008 there are half-a-dozen BRT systems in different stages of implementation.

Hong Kong

In Hong Kong bus lanes and bus-only roads are designated extensively. Some roads, including Des Vœux Road Central, Caine Road (westbound), King's Road (eastbound) are open only to buses and minibuses. Bus routes serving on these roads do not compete with other vehicles for road space.

India[edit]

Ahmedabad BRTS at night
Delhi BRTS

India has a number of operational BRT systems and many more under construction

Existing BRT systems with segregated lanes

  • Ahmedabad: India's most developed and advanced BRT system. Uses Chartered Logistics High floor buses. 10 operational BRT lines with over 100 BRT stations (all are wheelchair - accessible except two) covering almost 70 km.
  • Pune: was the first BRT system in India. Uses low floor Volvo buses
  • Delhi: was the second BRT system in India. Uses Tata Marcopolo Bus
  • Jaipur: uses Ashok Leyland buses

Existing BRT Systems without segregated lanes

  • Mumbai: uses King-Long, Mercedes and Tata buses
  • Indore: uses Tata buses

BRT Systems Under construction

BRT systems exist in Pune, Ahmedabad, Jaipur and Delhi with segregated lane. And exist in Indore, Mumbai where they run on normal roads. But these buses are high capacity and thus government has characterised them as BRTs.

Indonesia[edit]

  • Jakarta: TransJakarta busway system began operation in 2004 and, as of February 2013, there are 12 corridors has been operated.
  • Palembang: The city of palembang recently opened the city transport system called Trans Musi. The bus uses designated shelter and colorful buses.
  • Pekanbaru: Trans Metro Pekanbaru using yellow-coloured bus and LED coverage indicator for route marker, has two lines or corridor running and planned to open another two on 2012 using designated shelter but not on private bus lane.
  • Bali: Trans Sarbagita (Denpasar-Badung-Gianyar-Tabanan), the local authority granted a Rp.4,000 ($0.47) subsidy per passenger.[22] August 2011, the first Trans Sarbagita has run from Batubulan, Gianyar to Nusa Dua v.v. with ticket of Rp.3,500 ($0.40) for adults and Rp.2,500 ($0.30) for students. Four of the bus seats are reserved for the disabled, senior citizens and women with babies.[23] On August 10, 2012 the 27-kilometer second route from Denpasar to Jimbaran v.v. is opened with intersection with the first route at Pesanggaran, Pedungan and Dewa Ruci. Service hours is from 5 a.m. to 9 p.m.[24]
  • Bandung: recently opened TMB or Trans Metro Bandung, has one line operating
  • Semarang: with Trans Semarang has two lines operating.

Iran[edit]

Tehran Bus Rapid Transit was inaugurated on January 14, 2008. Tehran has 4 BRT line.

  • Azadi sq. to Tehranpars (Jan. 2008)
  • Azadi Terminal to Khavaran Terminal
  • Elm-O-Sanat Terminal to Khavaran Terminal (Feb. 2009)
  • From Railway station that is located in southern part of Tehran to Tajrish that is located in northern part of Tehran. The length of this line is about 18 km.

The total length of BRT in Tehran is about 100 km that will be increased to 300 km in future.

Israel[edit]

Jordan[edit]

According to Greater Amman Municipality, The construction of the first phase BRT in Amman had started last Friday June 25, 2010 starting phase 1 and it will be completed at 2012. This is according to the GAM master plan for phase 1. BRT Phase 1: Routes Route 1: (15.46 km ) Mahatta to Sweileh Route 2: (6.79 km ) Muhajireen to Sports City Route 3: (7.88 km) Mahatta to Customs Square

Pakistan[edit]

Metrobus (Lahore) Buses on the way in Lahore.
  • Karachi Japan International Co-operation Agency (JICA) has prepared a mass transit network for Karachi with 2030 vision suggesting 2 metro system lines and 6 RBT lines, besides KCR revitalization programme. The first Green Line Corridor, will be laid from Surjani to Jamia Cloth Market(21 km). The second Red Line Corridor will cover from Model Colony to Regal Chowk via Safoora Chowrangi (24.4 km). The third Corridor will cover from Dawood Chowrangi to Numaish Chowrangi and Lucky Star via 8000 road Korangi and FTC (22 km).JICA has also prepared feasibility study of two RBTS lines (Green line-Surjani to Jama Cloth market and red line-model colony to Regal Chowk via Safoora Goth, university road) and pre-facility of blue line from Sohrab Goth to tower.
  • Karachi being Economic Engine of growth and over 18 million populated is facing tremendous growth in traffic at 7.2 percent annually, beside its disproportionate yearly growth of buses and other transport sources of 17 percent causing congestion and accidents and increasing in travelling time.This project consists of six Corridors in collaboration with JICA. The Basic Design Theme comes from the Bogota, Columbia, Transmilenio Model. The work would have started in 2009, but due to budget constraits unavailability of feasibility report the work halted.
  • The Karachi Metrobus in 2014:The fresh development was made to start BRTS "yellow line" as a Pilot Project in the city. According to KMC, BRTS will be a 22-km route from Dawood Chowrangi to Numaish Chowrangi and Lucky Star via 8000 road Korangi and FTC under public Private Partnership mode where daily rider-ship is about 0.7 million per day. The proposed RBTS would cater 13,000 passengers per hour per direction.[25]
  • TransLahore: It is BRT system in Lahore. Lahore Transport Company was established in 1984 to ease the traffic conditions of Lahore and improve bus services. LTC got all the transport responsibilities of traveling in Lahore in December 2009. A BRTS fleet of 650 Buses was introduced. It was named as TransLahore. However, the BRTS did not have dedicated lanes and had to share roads with regular traffic with no right of way privileges. This resulted in a system that was a BRTS only in name.
  • Metrobus (Lahore):In the first phase, 27 kilometers long track was laid from Gajjumata to Shahdara in collaboration with Turk companies. 15 kilometers long portion under the Bus Rapid Transit System was completed by December 2012.It has escalators installed and 9 km of it is elevated. The project to build a double bus-only lane down the centre of Ferozepur Road from Youhanabad to Shahdara at a cost of Rs22 billion was divided into six packages. Work on the 10.1-kilometre package 1, from Youhanabad to Kalma Chowk, was completed in one month. Work on the 4.9-km package two, from Kalma Chowk to Qurtaba Chowk was concluded on time. The Lahore Metro Bus System was inaugurated on February 10, 2013 amid a look of festivity in the city. The ceremony was attended by Chief Minister of Punjab Shahbaz Sharif and Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey.[26]

Construction of two more lines of this system also started in January 2014.

  • Faisalabad: Faisalabad Metrobus is a planned, single line BRT System, similar to Lahore Metro Bus System. Metro line will connect Faisalabad International Airport to City Bus Terminal, passing through main hubs of the city. Construction is expected to start at the end of 2013.

Philippines[edit]

The Cebu Bus Rapid Transit System is a proposed mass transit system for the City of Cebu located within the greater Cebu Metropolitan area. It is expected to become the first operational Bus Rapid Transit project in the Philippines when it becomes operational late 2014. The 16 kilometre route traverses Cebu City from Bulacao in the south-west to Talamban in the north-east, linking the following key destinations; Central Business District, Capitol Site, Ayala Shopping Mall and a proposed tributary to SM Shopping Mall. A spur to the 300-hectare Cebu South Reclamation Project (SRP) is also planned as developers Filinvest seek to integrate BRT provision into their development plans.

The feasibility of a BRT scheme for Metro Manila is being studied.

Thailand[edit]

Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, has been working on a BRT system for the past few years. The first route starts from Sathon running along Narathiwat Ratchanakharin Rd., then turns right at Rama III Rd., crossing the Chao Phraya River at Rama III Bridge and follows Ratchadaphisek Rd. before turning right at Ratchahruek Rd at the end of its route. At the Sathon-Narathiwat Ratchanakharin interestion, there is a walkway connecting BRT Sathon with BTS Chong Nonsi station. The Bangkok BRT started operating on 15 May 2010 on a free-trial basis.

Vietnam[edit]

The Hanoi Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is one of the components of Hanoi Urban Transport Development Project which has been approved by Hanoi People's Committee at Decision 1837/QĐ-UBND dated May 10, 2007. This World Bank funded ODA project is an important step in improving the city's urban transportation network and strengthening public transport capacity. The Hanoi BRT project is under construction.

Europe[edit]

Finland[edit]

  • Helsinki : Bus lanes were constructed in the 1970s for all main entrance roads for the center and they are continuously built more. "Jokeri-linja" called bus system with special busway stretches is made to make Helsinki public transport quality better. It serves traffic between suburbs as a ring line. It is planned to be changed to light rail.

France[edit]

In service:

  • Nancy (260,000 Inh. served by CGFTE a Veolia Transport subsidiary) has got a kind of BRT system called TVR extending along 11 km which 7 km are dedicated. As it is run by TVR, a kind of articulated buses, there's a controversy to design it as a LRT or BRT sustem. Two more routes are planned probably not using the TVR as previously planned and with parts not segregated from traffic.
  • Nantes (about 600,000 Inh. in the built up area), was the second city to implement a BRT called BusWay at the end of December 2006 extending on 5 km with several P+R and a bus every 5 mn at peak. It is operated by specific branded articulated buses and ticketing machines are located at each station. The patronage was averaging 19,000 per day by December 2006 and 28,000 per day in 2010.
  • Rouen (about 400,000 Inh. in the built up area) with TEOR was the first real BRT system implemented in France in the late 90's and is still in extension in 2007 with new dedicated lanes in central city and partial dedicated lanes in the suburbs. It's made of 3 routes (70% bus only) and more than 15 km expecting transporting more than 53 000 persons a day in 2007.

Under construction or planned:

  • Amiens This city has been planning BRT routes for quite 10 years and has just built 2 km dedicated lanes eventually usable by a future partially BRT route 3. Two others routes are still at the planning stage with a great political concern for avoiding serving the CBD because of anti public transit shopping tenders lobbying,
  • Douai (156 000 Inh. served by transit system) is also building a BRT system based on the "Phileas" already used in Eindhoven. 3 routes are planned even though it's not totally clear if "Phileas" is going to equip all the routes,
  • Grenoble A project is underway to transform route 1, a quite totally segregated traditional bus route into a Busway, the Transdev BRT brand as in Nantes route 4.
  • Marseille 3 lines are under construction to better connect the Métro to farther places (Castellane -> Luminy ; Capitaine Gèze - La Cabucelle -> Vallon des Tuves ; La Rose -> Château Gombert - Saint Jérome).
  • Nice (500,000 Inh. served by "Ligne d'azur", a Veolia Transport subsidiary') partially in operation on an East/West axis but where most of the route is unlinked, which is very confusing for passengers. It will eventually be transformed on LRT 2 (Public inquiry underway) within several years with, maybe a new way allowing linking both directions in the same road.

Paris region (Île de France) In service:

  • Créteil "TVM" operated by RATP is a tangential BRT linking the RER A, B, C, D, metro line 8 and tramway line T7 in southern Paris suburbs. It was the second BRT implemented in France in the 80s even though, in Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, for political reasons, there's still no bus lanes through this conservative city.
  • Créteil "393" also operated by RATP is an 11 km long line which was open in 2011. Like the TVM (see above) the line linking the southern Paris suburbs in the district (département) of Val de Marne (94). By the way "393" line share the bus lane and stations with "TVM" for 5 km. This line serve the metro line 8 and recently build districts or districts under construction/redevelopment. The transport authority (STIF) plan to extend the line by 2020 to Orly Airport and as well to link RER C, tramway line T7, and in the future metro line 14 (2024) and HSR station (TGV).
  • Corbeil-Essonnes "TZen 1" opened in 2011 this line connect two branches of the RER D and make enable a public transport access to the recently developed city of Sénart and her business/commercial parks.
  • Évry One of the new towns built in the southern part of suburban Paris was probably the first Busway implemented in France in the late '70s . Still operating, it was completely segregated from other traffic in the central area by being elevated. Moreover this system is still operated with conventional buses and articulated buses and not branded. Also, ticketing is sold into the bus or in specific places but not at the stations.

Under construction or planned:

  • "TZen 2" Sénart-Trait d'Union → Melun-Place de la Gare.

This line will be opened in 2020, it will links Sénart and Melun.

  • "TZen 3" Paris-Porte de Pantin → Livry-Gargan.

Opening in 2020. This project fills a lack of performant and modern public transport in this area. It will also allow a transformation of the highway to an urban boulevard (more green spaces, more spaces for pedestrians, bike lanes, more crosswalks).

  • "TZen 4" Corbeil-Essonnes RER → Grande Borne.

This line will link many disadvantaged districts (poor neighborhoods) to RER D line, in fact the BRT line will be in correspondence with RER D at five interchange stations. This BRT project will greatly increase mobility to neighborhoods with high unemployment. It will open in 2017.

  • "TZen 5" Paris-Bibliothèque François Mitterrand → Choisy le Roi RER.

This line will open in 2020 it serve a multi-centennial industrial district with a lot of urban redevelopment projects (offices, apartments). It will complete and link the actual network (RER C, Tramway 3a, metro line 14, BRT "TVM" & "393").

Belgium[edit]

  • Liege in Belgium also has a busway, which was featured on a video made by the UK Transport Research Lab. [3].

Germany[edit]

  • Essen: Guided busses use a busway in the middle of a motorway. Formerly, these guided buses also operated the tram tunnel using dual-mode busses which got their power from overhead wires in the tunnel. Due to technical problems and to avoid congestion of the tram route, service in the tunnel was abandoned.

Ireland[edit]

Proposed:

Netherlands[edit]

  • Almere : City bus system based on dedicated lanes allowing buses to get to each central part of each quarter, cars having to bypass them,
  • Eindhoven implemented a BRT system using the "Phileas" system and exclusive bus lanes,
  • Schiphol : The tangential Zuidtangent-route linking the city of Haarlem and the southern part of Amsterdam outer suburbs to the airport has been successfully implemented with a quite continuous right of way.

Spain[edit]

  • RetBus, Barcelona: implementation of three lines scheduled for 2011. The Ajuntament de Barcelona (ADB) is considering applying the Volvo Center's new concept of "moving cocoon".[29]

Sweden[edit]

  • Stockholm has four bus lines, named 1-4, with high regularity 5–10 minutes, and higher priority than other buses. The buses are blue painted while normal buses are red. The routes try to avoid congestion with cars, but has more congestion than many other systems called bus rapid transit.
  • Gothenburg has four bus lines, named 16-19, with high regularity, about 3 – 10 minutes. The buses are marked on the tram map, not the bus map, and has some rules in common with trams, like all door available for entrance. The routes usually share right of way with trams or having their own busway, and generally try to avoid congestion with cars.
  • Malmö has eight lines, named 1-8, with the regularity of about 7–8 minutes on weekdays.
  • Linköping has three lines, named 1-3, with regularity of about 10 minutes in rush hours.
  • Jönköping has three lines, named 1-3, with the regularity of about 10 minutes most of the day.
  • Gävle has three lines, named 1-3, with the regularity of 10–15 minutes.

Turkey[edit]

  • Istanbul Metrobus (Turkish: Metrobüs) is the name of the bus rapid transit (BRT) system implemented and operated in İstanbul, Turkey.

United Kingdom[edit]

Oceania[edit]

The O-Bahn Busway in Adelaide, South Australia is one of the longest, fastest and most heavily patronised guided busway in the world.

Australia[edit]

Australia has 4 BRTs in place:

Melbourne, Victoria operates the SmartBus system which contains elements of BRT infrastructure but uses relatively little dedicated bus lanes.

Generally, investment in BRTs is covered by state government transport agencies, rather than by corporations, since most major public transport services in the country are owned and operated by the same departments.

New Zealand[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article.php?a_id=119725
  2. ^ BRT offers celebratory free rides on opening day M&G
  3. ^ http://www.joburg.org.za/content/view/3043/266/
  4. ^ http://www.engineeringnews.co.za/article.php?a_id=114600
  5. ^ http://www.pmg.org.za/report/20080805-host-cities-2009-confederations-cup-city-mangaung-vodacomd-park-city-
  6. ^ http://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/sociedad/3-82858-2007-04-06.html
  7. ^ http://www.plandemovilidad.gob.ar/metrobus.php?seccion=3
  8. ^ http://www.larazon.com.ar/ciudad/Metrobus-presentan-obras-habilitan-paradas_0_214800012.html
  9. ^ http://www.brampton.ca/en/residents/transit/zum/Pages/Planning.aspx
  10. ^ "Spadina Subway Extension"http://www3.ttc.ca/About_the_TTC/Projects_and_initiatives/Spadina_subway_extension/Overview.jsp.
  11. ^ http://www.grt.ca/web/transit.nsf/5f22897663adffc585256e5a005c53df/b87230fe20d8ed5b85256f4e005adad2!OpenDocument
  12. ^ http://myride.winnipegtransit.com/en/rapid-transit/what-is-bus-rapid-transit-brt/
  13. ^ "Viva Rapid Transit Construction Underway."http://www.vivanext.com/391, December 14, 2009.
  14. ^ "Viva buses operate along new Enterprise rapidway, starting March 6" http://transit.toronto.on.ca/archives/weblog/2011/03/04-viva_buses.shtml.
  15. ^ a b Insititute for Transportation and Development Policy, Appendix 1 System Comparisons, BRT Planning Guide
  16. ^ FTA_ Commissioned report, Advanced Network Planning for Bus Rapid Transit The Quickway Model as a Modal Alternative to "Light Rail Lite"
  17. ^ http://www.estreet-sbx.com/docManager/1000000450/sbx%20Winter2011%20FINAL.pdf
  18. ^ http://www.ridetherapid.org
  19. ^ https://www.ridetherapid.org/silver-line/
  20. ^ http://www.ridewta.com/node/14
  21. ^ http://www.itdp.org/index.php/projects/update/a_new_generation_of_bus_rapid_transit_systems_open_in_china/
  22. ^ http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2011/05/25/new-traffic-control-system-buses-hoped-ease-congestion.html
  23. ^ "Trans Sarbagita begins amid high expectations, worsening traffic". August 19, 2011. 
  24. ^ "Trans Sarbagita: Denpasar-Jimbaran route starts Friday". August 10, 2012. 
  25. ^ http://e.jang.com.pk/05-25-2012/karachi/pic.asp?picname=101.gif
  26. ^ http://tribune.com.pk/story/384667/bus-rapid-transit-system-govt-pushes-ahead-with-construction-work
  27. ^ http://www.nation.com.pk/national/06-Jun-2014/work-on-multan-metro-bus-to-begin-on-august-14
  28. ^ http://www.blueline.ie/
  29. ^ Ann Brody Guy. "Using ITS Research, Barcelona Launches BRT Network". Berkeley Transportation Letter. Retrieved 2010-06-08.