Improved sanitation

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An improved sanitation facility is defined as one that hygienically separates human excreta from human contact.[1]

To allow for international comparability of estimates for monitoring the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the World Health Organization/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program (JMP) for Water Supply and Sanitation defines "improved" sanitation as follows:[2]

  • Flush toilet
  • Connection to a piped sewer system
  • Connection to a septic system
  • Flush / pour-flush to a pit latrine
  • Ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine
  • Composting toilet
  • Some special cases

Sanitation facilities that are not considered as "improved" are:

  • Public or shared latrine
  • Flush/pour flush to elsewhere (not into a pit, septic tank, or sewer)
  • Pit latrine without slab
  • Open pit latrine
  • Bucket latrines
  • Hanging toilet / latrine
  • No facilities / bush / field

References[edit]

  1. ^ WHO and UNICEF definitions of improved drinking-water source on the JMP website, WHO, Geneva and UNICEF, New York, accessed on June 10, 2012
  2. ^ WHO and UNICEF types of improved drinking-water source on the JMP website, WHO, Geneva and UNICEF, New York, accessed on June 10, 2012