Imus Cathedral

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Imus Cathedral
Our Lady of the Pillar Cathedral Parish
The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar
Imus Cathedral is located in Philippines
Imus Cathedral
Imus Cathedral
Location of the Cathedral in the Philippines
14°25′47″N 120°56′9.8″E / 14.42972°N 120.936056°E / 14.42972; 120.936056
Location Imus, Cavite
Country Philippines
Denomination Roman Catholic
Churchmanship Roman Rite
Website imusdiocese.net
History
Former name(s) Imus Parish Church
Authorising papal bull November 26, 1951
Founded 1795 (1795)[1]
Dedication Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Imus and Saint John the Baptist[1]
Past bishop(s) Artemio Casas, D.D.
Felix Perez, D.D.
Manuel C. Sobreviñas, D.D.
Cardinal Luís Antonio Tagle, D.D., S.Th.D.
Architecture
Status CathedralParish
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Marked Structure (of Historical Significance) by the National Historical Commission of the Philippines
Designated November 13, 2006
Architect(s) Nicolas Becerra
Architectural type Church
Style Earthquake Baroque
Groundbreaking 1823[1]
Completed 1853
Specifications
Length 200 ft (61 m)
Width 130 ft (40 m)
Nave width 90 ft (27 m)
Height 100 ft (30 m) est.
Number of domes None
Number of spires One
Materials Bricks and tuff stone
Administration
Parish Our Lady of the Pillar Cathedral Parish
Archdiocese Archdiocese of Manila
Diocese Diocese of Imus
Province Manila
Clergy
Archbishop Cardinal Luís Antonio Tagle, D.D., S.T.D.
Bishop(s) Most Rev. Reynaldo G. Evangelista, D.D.[2]
Vicar(s) Fr. Bobby Capino
Rector Msgr. George Morales
Assistant priest [General Reshuffle]
Laity
Youth ministry coordinator Parish Youth Ministry
Music group(s) Cathedral Choir of Our Lady of the Pillar[3]
Imusicapella

The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Pillar, commonly known as the Imus Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic cathedral church in the city of Imus, in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is the seat of the bishop of the Diocese of Imus, the diocese that has jurisdiction of all the Catholic parishes in Cavite. The patroness of the city and of the diocese is the Nuestra Señora del Pilar (Our Lady of the Pillar). Saint John the Baptist is also considered as a patron saint of the city.[1] The city fiesta is celebrated annually every October 12. Part of the celebration is the traditional dance-procession called karakol.

History[edit]

Establishment[edit]

In 1616, the Augustinian Recollects arrived in Imus and established a convent. The parish of Imus started as a chapel-of-ease in Brgy. Toclong, a sub-parish (visita) of Cavite Viejo (now Kawit, Cavite). Recollect Father Pedro de San Buenaventura petitioned the government to convert Imus into an independent municipality in 1774. Imus, though, did not become a separate town and parish until October 3, 1795.[4] Its poblacion (town center) and a provisional church was first established in Brgy. Bayang Luma (Old Town). The parish was under the order of the Augustinian Recollects with Francisco de Santiago, O.A.R., its first assigned priest.[1]

Construction of the present church[edit]

During the leadership of Fr. Nicolas Becerra, who served from 1821 to 1840, he advocated the move of the town center to Brgy. Balangon, its present location. The construction of the parish church of Imus on the new location was started in 1823 using forced labor. The structure was made from stone and bricks.[1] Its facade was patterned after the fifth Manila Cathedral by Fr. Juan de Uguccioni, which existed from 1760 to 1852.[5]

The façade of Imus Cathedral was probably designed after the fifth incarnation of the Manila Cathedral (above) by Uguccioni.

Hacienda de San Juan de Imus[edit]

The early fathers were preoccupied with not just religious matters but also of economic concerns. The friars gradually bought parcels of land while some of these lands were donated by rich families. The Recollects were the first ones to buy parcels of land beginning in 1666 and their haciendas came to being in 1812. These areas, comprising the Hacienda de San Juan de Imus or the Hacienda de Imus (Imus Estate), grew to include the whole towns of Imus, Dasmariñas, and Brgy. Binakayan in Kawit. The estate house of the hacienda, or the house of the friars, was located along Imus River (at the present day Cuartel) at the southern end of the Bridge of Isabel II, a Spanish bridge built by the priest-engineers of the Recollects.[6] Citizens of Imus were required to pay rent to live and tilled the lands of Imus.

Secularization[edit]

The Hacienda de Imus was sold by the Recollect Corporation on March 31, 1894 to the Fomento de la Agricultura de Filipinas (Promotion of Agriculture in the Philippines), a corporation in Madrid, for 4,000,000 pesetas. It was later sold to the British Manila Estates Company, which eventually sold it to the U.S. controlled Philippine government for $1,045,000 in U.S. currency for distribution to the Filipinos, to win their favor, and to pacify the revolutionaries.[7][6] The Church of Imus became secular in 1897.[1]

Diocese of Imus[edit]

By virtue of the Apostolic Constitution Christi fidelium promulgated by Pope John XXIII on November 25, 1961, Cavite was created a separate bishopric from Manila after more than three hundred years. On April 29, 1962, the Diocese of Imus was formally erected and established with the Imus Cathedral as the seat of the bishop of Cavite, with the Our Lady of the Pillar, its titular patroness. The first leader of the diocese and bishop of Cavite is Msgr. Artemio Casas, originally from Meycauayan, Bulacan.[6]

Bishop of Imus[edit]

The current Bishop of Imus is the Most Rev. Reynaldo G. Evangelista, O.F.S., D.D. who was appointed by Pope Francis on April 8, 2013, his first pontifical appointment in the Philippines. He replaced Bishop Luis Tagle after his installation as the Archbishop of Manila in December 12, 2011. Most Rev. Evangelista was installed as the fifth Bishop of Imus on June 5, 2013.[2]

The Historical marker of the Cathedral placed by the National Historical Institute in 2006.

Historical marker[edit]

The cathedral was declared a structure of historical significance with the placing of a historical marker by then National Historical Institute of the Philippines on November 13, 2006.

The image of Our Lady of the Pillar of Imus

Coronation of the patroness of the Diocese of Imus[edit]

The image of the patroness of the Imus Cathedral, Our Lady of the Pillar of Imus, was canonically crowned on December 3, 2012 by Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle. It was originally scheduled for November 26 but the elevation of Archbishop Tagle into a Cardinal by Pope Benedict XVI necessitated the move.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Katedral ng Imus". National Registry of Historic Sites and Structures in the Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-05-03.
  2. ^ a b (2013-04-08). "Pontifical Acts - 8 April". The Vatican Today. Retrieved on 2013-06-11.
  3. ^ "THE CATHEDRAL > The Cathedral Choir". Our Lady of the Pillar Cathedral Choir. Retrieved on 2013-05-06.
  4. ^ "City of Imus - Brief History". Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cavite. Retrieved on 2013-05-06.
  5. ^ "The Fifth Cathedral, 1760 - 1852". Manila Metropolitan Cathedral-Basilica. Retrieved on 2013-05-06.
  6. ^ a b c Bureau of Insular Affairs, War Dept. (1905). "History of the Diocese of Imus". Our Lady of the Pillar Cathedral Choir. Retrieved on 2013-05-06.
  7. ^ "Fifth Annual Report of the Philippine Commission, 1904, Part 1 of 3", pp. 782-783. Government Printing Office, Washington.
  8. ^ The Servants and Handmaids of Our Lady of the Pillar/Discuss. "100 days Countdown for the Canonical Coronation of Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Imus". Flickr.com. Retrieved on 2013-05-17.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 14°25′47″N 120°56′9.8″E / 14.42972°N 120.936056°E / 14.42972; 120.936056