In Salah

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In Salah
عين صالح
Aïn Salah; I-n-Salah; 'Ayn Şalih
Commune and town
City gate of In Salah.
City gate of In Salah.
Location of In Salah commune within Tamanrasset Province
Location of In Salah commune within Tamanrasset Province
In Salah is located in Algeria
In Salah
In Salah
Location of In Salah commune within Tamanrasset Province
Coordinates: 27°11′42″N 2°29′0″E / 27.19500°N 2.48333°E / 27.19500; 2.48333Coordinates: 27°11′42″N 2°29′0″E / 27.19500°N 2.48333°E / 27.19500; 2.48333
Country  Algeria
Province Tamanrasset Province
District In Salah District
Area
 • Total 32,518 km2 (12,555 sq mi)
Elevation 293 m (961 ft)
Population (2008)[1]
 • Total 32,518
 • Density 1.0/km2 (2.6/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
PMA seats (as of 2007) 11
ONS code 1108
Postal code 11220

In Salah or Ain Salah (Arabic: عين صالح‎) is an oasis town in central Algeria. It was once an important trade link of the trans-Saharan caravan route. As of the 2008 census it has a population of 32,518,[1] up from 28,022 in 1998,[2] with an annual growth rate of 1.5%, the lowest in the province.[1]The village is located in the heart of the Sahara Desert region of northern Africa. The name In Salah comes from the term "good well"[3] although the water is known for its rather unpleasant, salty taste.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

A creeping sand dune on the western edge of town is advancing on the city and cuts In Salah in half. The dune is moving at a speed of approximately one meter (three feet) every five years. As buildings are covered by its leading edge, structures at the back of the dune are being gradually uncovered. When a formerly covered location at the back of the dune once again becomes free, it is established who the past owners were and the building is restored and moved into by relatives.[citation needed] Four red or violet clay brick ksour (walled villages) are found in the oasis, each having its own citadel.[3]

Climate[edit]

In Salah has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with extremely hot summers and mild winters, and averages just 16 millimetres (0.63 in) of rainfall per year. Summer temperatures are consistently high - with heat indices reaching extreme levels for four months of the year - but temperatures at night fall low enough to be quite tolerable. Winter nights can be chilly and frost is by no means unknown but the days are warm and sunny.[4] During the summer, the Sahara region of Algeria is the source of a very hot, dusty, southerly wind called the Sirocco. These winds parch the plateaus of northern Algeria up to 40 days and reach the Tell coastal region for as many as 20 days.[5]

Climate data for In Salah
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
25.1
(77.2)
28.6
(83.5)
33.2
(91.8)
38.0
(100.4)
43.5
(110.3)
46.2
(115.2)
45.0
(113)
40.9
(105.6)
34.1
(93.4)
27.1
(80.8)
21.9
(71.4)
33.77
(92.79)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.3
(57.7)
17.6
(63.7)
21.0
(69.8)
25.2
(77.4)
30.1
(86.2)
35.6
(96.1)
37.7
(99.9)
36.9
(98.4)
33.1
(91.6)
26.9
(80.4)
20.1
(68.2)
14.9
(58.8)
26.12
(79.02)
Average low °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
10.0
(50)
13.3
(55.9)
17.1
(62.8)
22.1
(71.8)
27.6
(81.7)
29.2
(84.6)
28.8
(83.8)
25.8
(78.4)
19.7
(67.5)
13.0
(55.4)
7.8
(46)
18.46
(65.22)
Precipitation mm (inches) 3.7
(0.146)
3.5
(0.138)
1.2
(0.047)
1.6
(0.063)
0.5
(0.02)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(0.02)
0.2
(0.008)
1.2
(0.047)
0.5
(0.02)
2.7
(0.106)
15.7
(0.619)
 % humidity 41.3 35.0 27.1 23.8 20.8 17.7 15.6 16.8 21.9 29.9 35.8 41.9 27.3
Source #1: NOAA (1964-1990)[6]
Source #2: climatebase.ru (humidity)[7]

Transport[edit]

Air flights via In Salah Airport connect the town with the capital Algiers and other major cities in Algeria.[8] The Bus station of In Salah hosts buses going to the north and south. There is a hotel, a restaurant, an internet cafe and two camping sites located in the city and surrounding area. The town lies at the junction of the Trans-Sahara Highway (also known as the N1 national highway), which leads north to Ghardaïa and Algiers and south to Tamanrasset, and the N52, which leads west to In Ghar and Reggane.

Economy[edit]

Satellite image of In Salah. The oasis is at the center of the image while the city is at top-right. The dark areas are agricultural areas.

Aside from oil and gas reserves, the primary economic activities of In Salah are agricultural in nature with irrigation being supplied by artesian wells. The oasis has over 200,000 date palms. The chief produce are dates, fruits and vegetables. Fruit and vegetable gardens and Palm groves flank the village on its southern and western edges. These groves are protected from the always advancing sand by hedges.[3] In Salah is also a centre for nomadic Tuareg.[9] The In Salah oil and gas fields are home to the In Salah Project, a major component of which includes a facility to remove CO2 from the gas produced. The CO2 is then re-injected into an underground formation.[10]

Historically, In Salah was formerly a trading town which dealt in slaves, ivory and gold from the south. These goods were exchanged with European goods from the north.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

6.7% of the population has a tertiary education (the highest rate in the province), and another 20.1% has completed secondary education.[11] The overall literacy rate is 80.1%, and is 88.7% among males and 71.4% among females.[12]

Localities[edit]

The commune is composed of 11 localities:[13]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Population: Wilaya de Tamanrasset" (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Algeria Communes". Statoids. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "I-n-Salah." Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 13 Dec. 2008
  4. ^ The Times Books World Weather Guide, E.A Pearce and C.G. Smith, TIMES BOOKS, The New York Times Book Co., Inc.
  5. ^ The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: Scott Fetzer Co., 2007.
  6. ^ "Climate Normals for In Salah". Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  7. ^ "In-Salah, Algeria". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "Routes to/from In Salah Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  9. ^ http://lexicorient.com/e.o/in_salah.htm Lixi
  10. ^ http://www.co2captureandstorage.info/project_specific.php?project_id=71
  11. ^ "Structure relative de la population résidente des ménages ordinaires et collectifs âgée de 6 ans et plus selon le niveau d'instruction et la commune de résidence." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "Taux d'analphabétisme et taux d'alphabétisation de la population âgée de 15 ans et plus, selon le sexe et la commune de résidence ." (in French). Office National des Statistiques Algérie. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  13. ^ "Décret n° 84-365, fixant la composition, la consistance et les limites territoriale des communes. Wilaya de Tamanghasset" (in French). Journal officiel de la République Algérienne,. 19 December 1984. p. 1496. Archived from the original on 2 March 2013 or before. Retrieved 2 March 2013. 


Neighbouring towns and cities