Ina Bauer (element)
|Figure skating element|
|Element name:||Ina Bauer|
|Element type:||Moves in the field|
An Ina Bauer is a "moves in the field" element in figure skating in which a skater skates on two parallel blades. One foot is on a forward edge and the other leg is on a backwards and different parallel edge. The forward leg is bent slightly and the trailing leg is straight. If the leading leg is on the inside edge, the move is known as an inside ina bauer. If the skater is on the outside edge, it is known as an outside ina bauer. Many skaters bend backwards while performing this move, although this is not required. The most flexible skaters can bend over almost completely backward. When performed this way, the move is called a layback Ina Bauer, after the layback position.
The move is named for Ina Bauer, who invented it.
The Ina Bauer element is an extended fourth position in ballet in terms of where the feet are placed. However, the front leg is bent and the back leg is kept straight. It can be entered into through an inside-edge spread eagle, and, like the spread eagle, is commonly used as an entrance into jumps, adding to the difficulty level of the jump under Code of Points. It can be used as an entrance to any jump because the element can be performed on either edge. For example, after the skater exits the Ina Bauer position, a double Axel jump can be executed.
The Ina Bauer can be performed on the inside edge or the outside edge. The outside edge Ina Bauer is considered more difficult than an inside edge. The back position is not mandatory, although most skaters will at least bend a little. The most flexible skaters can bend their backs until their head is nearly upside down.
In singles (inside edge)
Ina bauer (side view) (Joannie Rochette)
Ina bauer (front view)
In singles (outside edge)
Layback Ina bauer (front view)
Layback Ina bauer (side view)
Layback Ina bauer (side view)
Layback Ina bauer (back view)
Ina Bauer (side view)
In pairs skating
In ice dancing
In synchronized skating
Shizuka Arakawa of Japan is famous for her flexible take on the Ina Bauer, during which she bends her back backwards until her head is upside down. This move was highlighted in Arakawa's winning free skating program at the 2006 Winter Olympics, where she performed an outside edge Ina Bauer, then performed a three jump combination (triple salchow-double toe-double loop). Because of this publicity, the term "ina bauer" has been transliterated phonetically into the Japanese word イナバウアー and has taken on a new meaning. It is a "vogue" word that has come to mean anything having to do with bending over backwards, due to the fact that the term was repeated so often that many people mistakenly thought that "ina bauer" referred to the back position, not the skating involved (the back position is more exactly called the layback position, making the move combined with Arakawa's back position a "layback Ina Bauer"). In Japan, it is also known as the "Arakawa way" or the "Arakawa type" (荒川のように), after Shizuka Arakawa.
- Wessling, Susan (December 2007). "Shizuka Arakawa: Living the Dream". International Figure Skating (Boston, MA: Madavor Media) 13 (6): 50–51. ISSN 1070-9568.
- PDF (631 KiB)
- The Arakawa Effect | Sports | Trends in Japan | Web Japan
- Asahi's Ina Bauer patent hopes dry up | The Japan Times Online
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- See Ina Bauer element (MPG)