Inca Roca

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Inca Roca
Emperor Roca
Inca Roca
Title Sapa Inca
Predecessor Cápac Yupanqui
Successor Yáhuar Huácac
Religion Inca religion
Spouse(s) Mama Michay
Children Yáhuar Huácac
several more children
Parents Cápac Yupanqui
Cusi Chimbo

Inca Roca (Quechua Inka Roq'a, "magnanimous Inca") was the sixth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cusco (beginning around CE 1350) and the first of the Hanan ("upper") dynasty.[1] His wife was Mama Michay, and his son was Yáhuar Huácac.

Biography[edit]

Rocaʻs father was the Emperor Cápac Yupanqui, whose heir apparent (by his wife Cusi Hilpay) had been his son Quispe Yupanqui.

However, after Cápac Yupanquiʻs death, the hanan moiety rebelled against the hurin, killed Quispe Yupanqui, and gave the throne to Inca Roca, son of another of Cápac Yupanquiʻs wives, Cusi Chimbo. Inca Roca moved his palace into the hurin section of Cuzco.

Reign[edit]

In legend, he is said to have conquered the Chancas[2] (among other peoples), as well as established the yachaywasi, schools for teaching nobles. More soberly, he seems to have improved the irrigation works of Cuzco and neighboring areas,[1][3] but the Chancas continued to trouble his successors.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Steele, Paul Richard and Allen, Catherine J. (2004) Handbook of Inca Mythology ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, California, page 193, ISBN 1-57607-354-8
  2. ^ Dick Edgar Ibarra Grasso (1963) "Novedades Sobre la Verdadera Historia de los Incas" Journal of Inter-American Studies 5(1): pp. 19-30, page 22, in Spanish
  3. ^ Canseco, María Rostworowski de Diez and Murra, John V. (1960) "Succession, Coöption to Kingship, and Royal Incest among the Inca" Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 16(4): pp. 417-427, page 418

Further reading[edit]

  • Cobo, Bernabe (1979) History of the Inca Empire: An Account of the Indians' Customs and Their Origin, Together with a Treatise on Inca Legends, History, and Social Institutions (translated and edited by Roland Hamilton from the holograph manuscript in the Biblioteca Capitular y Colombina de Sevilla) University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas, ISBN 978-0-292-73025-0
  • Zuidema, R. Tom "Inka Dynasty and Irrigation: Another Look at Andean Concepts of History" pp. 177–200 In Murra, John V.; Wachtel, Nathan and Revel, Jacques (editors) (1986) Anthropological History of Andean Politics Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, ISBN 0-521-24667-9
Preceded by
Cápac Yupanqui
Sapa Inca
c.1350–c.1380
Succeeded by
Yáhuar Huácac