Left incus. A. From within. B. From the front.
Auditory tube, laid open by a cut in its long axis.
|Articulations||Incudomalleolar and incudostapedial joint|
|Precursor||1st branchial arch|
|Anatomical terms of bone|
The incus // is a bone in the middle ear. The anvil-shaped small bone is one of three ossicles in the middle ear. The incus receives vibrations from the malleus, to which it is connected laterally, and transmits these to the stapes, medially. The incus is so-called because of its resemblance to an anvil (Latin: Incus).
The incus is the second of the ossicles, three bones in the middle ear which act to transmit sound. It is shaped like an anvil, and has a long limb and a short limb that protrude from the point of articulation with the malleus.:862
This article uses anatomical terminology; for an overview, see anatomical terminology.
- hednk-023 — Embryo Images at University of North Carolina
- Drake, Richard L.; Vogl, Wayne; Tibbitts, Adam W.M. Mitchell; illustrations by Richard; Richardson, Paul (2005). Gray's anatomy for students. Philadelphia: Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 978-0-8089-2306-0.
- Graboyes, Evan M.; Chole, Richard A.; Hullar, Timothy E. (September 2011). "The Ossicle of Paaw". Otology & Neurotology 32 (7): 1185–1188. doi:10.1097/MAO.0b013e31822a28df.
- The Anatomy Wiz Incus