Inde

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For the tribe of Native Americans that use the name Indé to describe themselves, see Apache. For the country, see India.


Inde
Indeverlauf.png
River Inde
Map of the Rur Basin.
Origin Hautes Fagnes
Mouth Rur
50°53′58″N 6°21′46″E / 50.89944°N 6.36278°E / 50.89944; 6.36278Coordinates: 50°53′58″N 6°21′46″E / 50.89944°N 6.36278°E / 50.89944; 6.36278
Basin countries Germany, Belgium
Length 54 km
Source elevation ±400 m
River system River Rur (Roer River)

The River Inde is a small river in Belgium, and in North Rhine-Westphalia, western Germany.

Geography[edit]

River Inde in Weisweiler.

The Inde is a left (western) tributary of the River Rur (Roer River), in eastern Belgium and in North Rhine-Westphalia, western Germany.

Its source is near Raeren, in Eastern Belgium. The Inde runs through Aachen-Kornelimünster, Eschweiler, and Inden. Its mouth is on the River Rur near Jülich. Because of lignite opencast mining, a section of the course was diverted near Inden-Lamersdorf in 2003 .

Tributaries of the Inde include the streams: Omerbach, Otterbach, Saubach, Vichtbach, and Wehebach.

Itertalviadukt viaduct of the Vennbahn railway over the Inde.

History[edit]

Its name is of Celtic origin: Inda. The Inde has a counterpart, a "small Inde", in France: the Andelle, which is a 55 km long river in the French département Seine-Maritime and whose original name was Indella.
The suffix -ella is an example for Celtic river names comparing for instance Mosella (= Moselle, i.e. "small Mosa (= Maas)"). For the name "Inde", the Indoeuropean stem *wed (= water) is supposed, like in words like Italian "onda" and French "onde" (= wave).[citation needed]

The River Inde acquired historical importance when Emperor Louis the Pious founded the Kornelimünster Abbey monastery along one of its old courses in 815.

See also[edit]