Independence, New York
|Independence, New York|
|— Town —|
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Jeri Reichman (D)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||34.5 sq mi (89.3 km2)|
|• Land||34.5 sq mi (89.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||2,165 ft (660 m)|
|• Density||34/sq mi ( 13/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979091|
The Town of Independence is in the southeast corner of Allegany County, southeast of the Village of Wellsville.
The first permanent settlement occurred in 1819 at Whitesville, although an attempt was made to settle the town in 1798. The Town of Independence was formed in 1821 from part of the Town of Alfred. Independence was reduced by the formation of the Towns of Andover, New York (1824) and Willing, New York (1851).
From November 16, 1896, through June 1936 Whitesville was served by the New York & Pennsylvania Railway (and predecessors) as part of its Canisteo NY to Ceres NY (via Greenwood NY, Genesee PA, Oswayo and Shingle House PA) main line. Following severe floods in July 1935 the railroad was partially out of service and its abandonment in June 1936 was readily approved by the Interstate Commerce Commission which from an early date approved railroad abandonment to promote highway truck use. The loss of railroad service did much to promote the economic withering of the Whitesville area.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.5 square miles (89 km2), all of it land.
Cryder Creek is a stream flowing out the southwest of the town and Chenunda Creek flows across the northern part of the town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,074 people, 400 households, and 301 families residing in the town. The population density was 31.2 people per square mile (12.0/km²). There were 487 housing units at an average density of 14.1 per square mile (5.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.98% White, 0.37% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Asian, and 0.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.37% of the population.
There were 400 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,438, and the median income for a family was $1,056,050. Males had a median income of $27,961 versus $19,583 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,109. About 11.0% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in Independence 
- Independence – A hamlet at the intersection of County Road 22 and County Road 22A near the northern town line.
- Whitesville – A hamlet at routes NY248 and NY248A near the eastern town line. The community is named after Samuel S White, the first permanent resident in the town and founder of the hamlet.