Independence Day (Croatia)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Independence Day
Spomen poloca 08101991.jpg
The memorial plaque in front of the building where the independence was finally proclaimed
Observed by Croatia
Significance The day when the Croatian Parliament cut its all relations with former Yugoslavia
Celebrations Laying of wreaths, banquets
Date 8 October
Next time 8 October 2015 (2015-10-08)
Frequency annual

Croatian Independence Day (Croatian: Dan neovisnosti) is a national public holiday marked yearly on 8 October that celebrates the unanimous decision of the Croatian Parliament - Sabor to terminate the link between Croatia and SFR Yugoslavia.

History[edit]

The Croatian referendum on independence was held in May 1991, with 93% of voters supporting the independence.[1] On 25 June the Croatian Sabor proclaimed the Croatian independence.[2] Seven days later, on 7 July, Croatia as well as Slovenia signed the Brioni Declaration in which the two countries agreed to suspend all declarations and acts passed by the Croatian and Slovenian parliaments related to those states' secession from Yugoslavia for a period of three months.[3] During that time the Croatian War of Independence started.

On 8 October, the Sabor decided to end relations with Yugoslavia,[4] in the Decision on the termination of the state and legal ties with other republics and provinces of Yugoslavia.[5][6] That session was not held in the House of Parliament but instead in the basement of an INA building, because of the possibility of the repeat of an incident such as the bombing of Banski dvori.[7]

Holiday[edit]

The Independence Day was implemented by the Ivica Račan's government in 2001. It was celebrated for the first time in 2002.[8] Statehood Day is commemorated on 25 June.[8]

References[edit]

Citations
Bibliography
  • Bennett, Christopher (1995). Yugoslavia's Bloody Collapse: Causes, Course and Consequences. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 9781850652281. 
  • Cvitanic, Marilyn (2011). Culture and Customs of Croatia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9780313351174. 
  • Mesić, Stjepan (2004). The Demise of Yugoslavia: A Political Memoir. Central European University Press. ISBN 9789639241817. 
  • Nizich, Ivana; Markić, Željka; Laber, Jeri (1995). Croatia: Civil and Political Rights in Croatia. Human Rights Watch. ISBN 9781564321480. 
  • Ramet, Sabrina (2006). The Three Yugoslavias: State-Building And Legitimation, 1918-2005. Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253346568.