National Day (Vietnam)

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National Day
Ngày Quốc Khánh
Ho Chi Minh reading the Declaration of Independence in Ba Dinh Square.jpeg
Hồ Chí Minh reading the Declaration of Independence in Ba Đình Square
Official name Ngày Quốc khánh Việt Nam 2-9
Type National
Significance Declaring Vietnam Independence from French Colonization
Date 2 September
Next time 2 September 2015 (2015-09-02)
Frequency annual

National Day (Vietnamese: Ngày Quốc Khánh) is a national holiday in Vietnam observed on September 2, commemorating the Vietnam Declaration of Independence from France on September 2, 1945. It is the country's National Day.[1]

History[edit]

The Japanese occupied Vietnam during World War II but allowed the French to remain and exert some influence. At the war's end in August 1945, a power vacuum was created in Vietnam. Capitalizing on this, the Việt Minh launched the "August Revolution" across the country to seize government offices. Emperor Bảo Đại abdicated on August 25, 1945, ending the Nguyễn Dynasty. On September 2, 1945, at Ba Đình Square, Ho Chi Minh, leader of the communist Viet Minh organization, declared Vietnam's independence under the new name of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRVN) in a speech that invoked the United States Declaration of Independence and the French Revolution's Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.[2]

Establishment[edit]

Leading up to, and then following, the end of the Vietnam War the Vietnamese Communist Party, thereafter the government of a united Vietnam, established a unified list of national holidays. These new holidays were to include International Labour Day on 1st of May, the anniversary of the August Revolution on the 19th of August, Viet Nam's National Day on the 2nd of September, and Ho Chi Minh's birthday on the 19th of May.[3] The lunar new year, Tết Nguyên Đán and the mid-autumn moon, Tết Trung Thu, continued to be observed as traditionally.

The list of full Public holidays in Vietnam has been revised since 2007 but National Day, 2.9, remains a full public and bank holiday.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lonely Planet Southeast Asia 2010 Page 927 "National Day 2 September; commemorates the proclamation of the Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam by Ho Chi Minh in 1945"
  2. ^ A brief chronology of Vietnam's history Anh Thư Hà, Hò̂ng Đức Trà̂n - 2000 "On September 2, 1945, President Hổ Chí Minh made public the Declaration of Independence at Ba Đình Square (Hanoi), thus founding the Democratic Republic of Vietnam with Hanoi as its capital."
  3. ^ Shaun Kingsley Malarney Ritual and revolution in Viet Nam 1993 "In order to realize this goal, the Party created a series of new national holidays in which villagers would come together and celebrate the great achievements of the people, the nation and socialism. These new holidays were to include May Day, the anniversary of the August Revolution on the 19th of August, Viet Nam's National Day on the 2nd of September, and Ho Chi Minn's birthday on the 19th of May. Two traditional Vietnamese celebration of the lunar New Year (Tet Nguyen Dan) and the mid-autumn celebration for children (Tet Trung Thu) were also to remain as national holidays."
  4. ^ Vietnam - Page 107 Nick Ray, Peter Dragicevich, Regis St. Louis - 2007 "Vietnam's National Day (2 September) Celebrated with a rally and fireworks at Ba Dinh Sq, in front of Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum."
  5. ^ Vietnam, Cambodia & Laos Jock O'Tailan, Claire Boobbyer, John Colet - 2006 "Following Ho's declaration, 2 September became Vietnam's National Day. Coincidentally, 2 September was also the date on which Ho died in 1969, although his death was not officially announced until 3 September in order not to mar ..."