This neighborhood has a different history than other already estableshed settlements in the city. In the second half of the 19th century, and first years of the 20th century, the city of Monterrey experienced the boom of the industrialization along with a fast-growing and thriving economy. However, there was a huge demand of cheap labor workers. Thus, the government promoted the immigration of people from other states and the neighborhood Independencia was established with the name of 'Barrio San Luisito' in the late years of the 19th century with poor immigrants mostly mestizo peasants and a few people of indigenous ancestry from the states of San Luis Potosí and Zacatecas. Later the neighborhood was setteled with people from other Mexican states who tried to get into the bracero program to work in the United States, but some were rejected by the program in the US, therefore the Mexican government offered them to settle in a promising city like Monterrey, then having one of the most impressive rates of economic growth in the country. Those new arrivers from San Luis Potosí, Zacatecas and other states from Central and Southern Mexico faced some ethnic and class segregation by the people of Monterrey at first, but eventually were accepted as part of the rest of the society. Despite Monterrey's economic wealth, today it is still one of the poorest neighborhoods in Monterrey. In 2009 Tracy Wilkinson of the Los Angeles Times recalled seeing many dogs and donkeys in the street. As of that year unemployment was common. Independencia had been home to many local drug dealers for many years. Within the two years leading to 2009 major drug cartels (especilly the Zetas) began to make inroads into Independencia and use the residents against the government.
- Capron, Guénola y Salomón González. 2006. Las escalas de la segregación y de la fragmentación urbana, TRACE (49): 65-75.
- Ariza, Marina y Patricio Solís. 2009. Dinámica socioeconómica y segregación espacial en tres áreas metropolitanas de México, 1990 y 2000. Estudios Sociológicos XXVII (1): 171-209.
- Wilkinson, Tracy. "Mexico drug cartels buying public support." Los Angeles Times. March 13, 2009. 1. Retrieved on February 20, 2010.
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