Independent Fianna Fáil

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Independent Fianna Fáil
Leader Neil Blaney
Founded 1972 (1972)
Dissolved 2006 (2006)
Split from Fianna Fáil
Merged into Fianna Fáil
Ideology Irish Republicanism
European affiliation European Free Alliance
European Parliament group Technical Group of Independents (1979–84)
Rainbow Group (1989–94)
Politics of the Republic of Ireland
Political parties
Elections

Independent Fianna Fáil was a splinter republican party in the Republic of Ireland created by Neil Blaney after his expulsion from Fianna Fáil following the Irish Arms Crisis (1969–1970). The party ceased to exist on 26 July 2006. It was never an officially registered political party: Niall Blaney said in 2003 "I am an Independent and a member of an organisation known locally as Independent Fianna Fáil."[1] Its candidates were listed on ballot papers without a party label, and without the optional "Non-party" label available to independents.[2] However, the Oireachtas members' database lists Independent Fianna Fáil members separately.[3]

Overview[edit]

The party existed mainly in County Donegal in the Republic of Ireland and, in particular, in Blaney's former constituency of Donegal North–East. Blaney's nephew Niall Blaney was elected as an Independent Fianna Fáil Teachta Dála (TD) for the constituency and in the 2004 local elections there were two county councillors, both member of Donegal County Council and two town councillors, one a member of Letterkenny Town Council and one a member of Buncrana Town Council. It also had representation on Roscommon County Council where Paddy Lenihan, brother of Mary O'Rourke and uncle of Brian Lenihan, Jnr, defected from Fianna Fáil, and on Leitrim County Council, where Larry McGowan also defected, both doing so in 1981. They both retired in 1999, and neither seat was defended on the party's behalf.

Paddy Keaveney (father of Fianna Fáil Senator Cecilia Keaveney) was elected for Independent Fianna Fáil in the by-election in 1976 following the death of Liam Cunningham. Keaveney lost his seat at the 1977 general election. The group also briefly had a senator James Larkin, which was part of the confidence and supply agreement made with Fianna Fáil after the February 1982 general election.

In 1979 Neil Blaney was elected to the European Parliament for the Connacht–Ulster constituency. He sat in the Technical Group of Independents which was a technical alliance of mainly left wing MEPs who were not allied with either the Communists and Allies group or the mainstream social-democratic parties of the Socialist Group. Blaney served as chair of the group along with the Italian Radical Marco Pannella and Danish left-wing Eurosceptic Jens-Peter Bonde. Blaney narrowly lost his seat in the 1984 election but was returned to serve as an MEP in 1989 election where he sat with the regionalist Rainbow Group.[4]

Independent Fianna Fáil was a founder member of the European Free Alliance in 1981, and remained a member of the organisation until 1995.[5]

In a number of elections Paddy Kelly stood under the Independent Fianna Fáil banner in elections in Donegal South–West unsuccessfully, he was however elected to the council for the Glenties ward and served as a member until 2004.[6]

Tadhg Culbert was a councillor for Independent Fianna Fáil in the 1980s, before becoming an independent and eventually joining the official Fianna Fáil.

Jackie Healy-Rae TD for Kerry South also ran under the banner of Independent Fianna Fáil.[7] Healy-Rae used the Independent Fianna Fáil name on his posters and flyers as part of the canvass for the 2007 general election, although he had no connection to Neil Blaney's Independent Fianna Fáil.

Former Fianna Fail Dublin City Councillor Tony Taaffe ran in the 1997 general election using the Independent Fianna Fail banner but was not associated with Blaney's party.[8]

Blaney legacy[edit]

Absorption by Fianna Fáil[edit]

Following talks with Fianna Fáil over the summer of 2006, Independent Fianna Fáil was absorbed by Fianna Fáil on the 26th of July following a formal application by Niall Blaney to join Fianna Fáil. The merger between the two organisations was opposed by other members of the Blaney family, including all seven children of Neil Blaney and his widow Eva who issued a damning press release prior to Niall Blaney's decision castigating the Fianna Fáil party and disassociating themselves from any so called 'truce' with them.

See also[edit]

References[edit]