Independent Greeks

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Independent Greeks
Ανεξάρτητοι Έλληνες
Abbreviation ANEL
Leader Panos Kammenos
Secretary-General Ioannis Moiras
Spokesperson Terence Quick
Slogan We are many –
We are independent –
We are Greeks
Founded 24 February 2012 (2012-02-24)
Split from New Democracy[1]
Headquarters 196, Syngrou Ave.
176 71 Athens
Ideology Greek nationalism[2][3]
Conservatism[4]
National conservatism[5]

Right-wing populism[6][7]
Euroscepticism[8]
Political position Right-wing[9][10]
International affiliation None
European affiliation None
European Parliament group None
Colours Blue, Red
Parliament
13 / 300
European Parliament
1 / 21
Regions [11]
109 / 703
[citation needed]
Website
http://anexartitoiellines.gr
Politics of Greece
Political parties
Elections

The Independent Greeks (Greek: Ανεξάρτητοι Έλληνες, Anexartitoi Ellines, ANEL) is a right-wing,[12] national-conservative and populist[6][7] political party in Greece. The party won 13 seats in Greece's January 2015 parliamentary election and agreed to form a governing coalition with Syriza.[13]

Foundation[edit]

The party was created on 24 February 2012 by Panos Kammenos, a former Member of Parliament (MP) for the conservative party New Democracy (ND).[14] Kammenos had been expelled from the New Democracy parliamentary group after voting against Lucas Papademos' coalition government in a vote of confidence. The party's founding declaration was issued on 11 March 2012.[15] Ten former ND deputies were founding members of the party, namely Elena Koundoura, Christos Zois (el), Kostas Markopoulos (el), Dimitris Stamatis (el), Spyros Galinos, Mika Iatridi (el), Maria Kollia-Tsaroucha (el), Panagiotis Melas and Michalis Giannakis (el)[16]

On 17 April 2012, the small left-wing anti-bailout party Panhellenic Citizen Chariot reached an election cooperation agreement with the Independent Greeks.[17]

Policies[edit]

Economically, the party calls for revoking the first and second memorandums, loan agreements between Greece, the EU and the International Monetary Fund.[6][7][14] Further, it considers the agreements illegal and calls for lifting immunity from and then investigating and prosecuting Greek ministers, parliamentarians, and officials who negotiated the agreements or who otherwise bear blame for Greece's economic crisis.[6][7][14]

In opposing the memorandums negotiated with 'The Troika', party leader Kammenos said Greece had become a "laboratory animal" in an austerity experiment conducted by the IMF and EU, who "used the public debt as a means of control."[18] Kammenos has focused much of his fire on Germany, stating that “Germany is not treating Greece as a partner but as its master. ... It tries to turn a Europe of independent states into a Europe dominated by Germany.”[19]

The party's official program states it will repudiate part of Greece’s debt because it was created by speculators in a conspiracy to bring Greece to the edge of bankruptcy.[19] It announced in December 2012 that it would start working to create a patriotic Democratic Front, whose aim is to save "Greece from the neo-liberal avalanche."[20]

The party also calls for German war reparations (for the invasion and occupation of Greece in the Second World War).[15]

On social policy, Independent Greeks oppose multiculturalism and want to reduce immigration,[21][22][23] and support development of a Christian Orthodox oriented education system.[24] Roman Gerodimos, a specialist on Greek politics, says the party has a record of xenophobic and homophobic policies.[25]

Representation[edit]

Prior to the May 2012 legislative election, the party had 11 MPs, in the pre-2012 parliament – 10 defectors from New Democracy and one from Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK).

The party gained 10.6% of the vote and 33 MPs in the parliamentary election in May 2012.[26] In the snap June 2012 legislative election, ANEL received 7.5% of vote, reducing the party's representation to 20 MPs.[26]

In the 2014 European Parliament election held on 25 May 2014, ANEL received 3.5% of the vote, electing a single MEP who sits with the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) group. The MEP, Notis Marias, is one of the three Vice-Chairmen of the ECR group.

In the legislative election held on 25 January 2015, ANEL received 4.75% of the vote and mandate to return 13 MPs to the Hellenic Parliament.[27] On 26 January 2015, ANEL agreed to form a governing coalition with the Coalition of the Radical Left (SYRIZA).[28]

Election results[edit]

Hellenic Parliament[edit]

Hellenic Parliament
Date Votes Seats Position Size Notes
#  % ± pp # ±
05/2012 670,957 10.6%
33 / 300
Opposition 4th
06/2012 462,406 7.5% Decrease3.1
20 / 300
Decrease13 Opposition 4th
2015 293,371 4.8% Decrease2.7
13 / 300
Decrease7 Government 6th

European Parliament[edit]

European Parliament
Date Votes Seats Size
#  % ± pp # ±
2014 197,701 3.5%
1 / 21
7th

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kammenos attracts another New Democracy breakaway", Athens News, 20 March 2012 
  2. ^ "LAOS questions poor showing in opinion polls", Ekathimerini, 22 March 2012 
  3. ^ "Migration woes take centre stage ahead of Greek election", The New Age, 3 April 2012 
  4. ^ "Venizelos draws battle lines for general elections", Ekathimerini, 15 March 2012 
  5. ^ http://www.parties-and-elections.de/greece.html
  6. ^ a b c d Boyka M. Stefanova (14 November 2014). The European Union beyond the Crisis: Evolving Governance, Contested Policies, and Disenchanted Publics. Lexington Books. p. 261. ISBN 978-1-4985-0348-8. 
  7. ^ a b c d Christian Karner; Bram Mertens (30 September 2013). The Use and Abuse of Memory: Interpreting World War II in Contemporary European Politics. Transaction Publishers. p. 168. ISBN 978-1-4128-5203-6. 
  8. ^ Mannin, Michael (2013). Evaluating the Europeanization Effect. The Europeanization of European Politics (Palgrave Macmillan). p. 210. 
  9. ^ Squires, Nick. "Greek election: who are Independent Greeks?". The Telegraph. 
  10. ^ Chu, Ben. "Greece elections: Who are Syriza and what effect will their new government have on Europe?". The Independent. 
  11. ^ The counselors of the Regions.
  12. ^ Tom Lansford (7 April 2014). Political Handbook of the World 2014. SAGE Publications. p. 549. ISBN 978-1-4833-3327-4. 
  13. ^ Syriza and Independent Greeks agree Greece coalition, BBC, 25 January 2015 
  14. ^ a b c "Ousted New Democracy MP starts own party", Ekathimerini, 24 February 2012 
  15. ^ a b "Kammenos introduces Independent Greeks", Athens News, 11 March 2012 
  16. ^ "Ten former ND MPs move with Kammenos", Capital, 14 March 2012 
  17. ^ "ekathimerini.com - Profile of parties running in May 6 Greek elections". ekathimerini.com. 
  18. ^ "Greek election: who are Independent Greeks?". Telegraph.co.uk. 26 January 2015. 
  19. ^ a b "Greek conservative rebel battles German "domination"", National Post, 23 April 2012 
  20. ^ Independent Greeks respond to the scenarios for the collapse of the party with a founding congress grreporter.info
  21. ^ "螒谓蔚尉维蟻蟿畏蟿慰喂 螆位位畏谓蔚蟼 纬喂伪 渭蔚蟿伪谓伪蟽蟿蔚蠀蟿喂魏蠈". YouTube. 
  22. ^ "螒谓蔚尉维蟻蟿畏蟿慰喂 螆位位畏谓蔚蟼 - 螖蔚位蟿委慰 蟿蠉蟺慰蠀 12/03/2013". anexartitoiellines.gr. 
  23. ^ "螒谓蔚尉维蟻蟿畏蟿慰喂 螆位位畏谓蔚蟼 - 螖蔚位蟿委慰 蟿蠉蟺慰蠀 19/03/2014". anexartitoiellines.gr. 
  24. ^ http://anexartitoiellines.gr/files/parousiasi.pdf
  25. ^ http://www.ibtimes.com/after-syriza-victory-alexis-tsipras-may-find-his-alliance-independent-greeks-short-1795112
  26. ^ a b Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. (1 March 2013). Britannica Book of the Year 2013. Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. p. 427. ISBN 978-1-62513-103-4. 
  27. ^ http://ekloges.ypes.gr/current/v/public/index.htm
  28. ^ "BBC News - Greece anti-bailout leader Tsipras made prime minister". BBC News.