Independent Jewish Voices (Canada)
|Type||Organizations based in Canada|
|Purpose||Human rights, advocacy|
|Official language||English, French|
|Part of a series on|
|Jews and Judaism|
Independent Jewish Voices (Canada) (IJV(C)) is an organization that describes itself as representing Canadian Jews who have a strong commitment to social justice and universal human rights. The organization was founded in 2008 as a result of a national conference called on behalf of the Alliance of Concerned Jewish Canadians.
IJV promotes the expression of alternative Jewish voices, particularly in respect of the grave situation in the Middle East, which threatens the future of both Israelis and Palestinians as well as the stability of the whole region. It is guided by the following Basis of Unity:
- Human rights are universal and indivisible and should be upheld without exception. This is as applicable in Israel and Occupied Palestine as it is elsewhere.
- Palestinians and Israelis alike have the right to peaceful and secure lives.
- Peace and stability require the willingness of all parties to the conflict to comply with international law.
- There is no justification for any form of racism, including anti-Semitism, anti-Arab racism or lslamaphobia [sic] in any circumstance.
- The battle against anti-Semitism is vital and is undermined whenever opposition to Israeli government policies is automatically branded as anti-Semitic
- 1 Positions
- 2 Activism
- 3 History
- 4 References
- 5 See also
- 6 Further reading
IJV asks that Israeli policies comply with international law and follow international conventions on human rights. This includes withdrawing from land Israel occupied after the Six-Day War in 1967, respecting the universal right of refugees to return to their homes or receive compensation, dismantling the Separation Wall and Israeli settlements on the West Bank and Golan Heights, and correcting laws and practices within Israel that discriminate against the rights of non-Jews.
Criticism of the Canadian Jewish Congress
The IJV has been highly critical of the Canadian Jewish Congress (CJC), now reorganized as the Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs (CIJA). In an interview with the Kelowna Daily Courier, Sid Shniad of IJV accused the CJC of "playing the anti-Semitic card ... because they don't have a lot else. They want to intimidate; they want to shut (the debate) down. They want people to avert their eyes when it comes to the ongoing crisis there to allow them to do what they have been doing." He further added that the CJC is "playing a losing game. They're placing themselves on the wrong side of the issue of free speech. It can't be won. You don't win people's hearts and minds by telling them to shut up and go away." He also stated that it was "outrageous" that Bernie Farber, CEO of the CJC, attended a conference of the United Church of Canada (UCC) "to try to shut down this debate".
Conversely, the Canadian Jewish Congress has often criticized IJV. Bernie Farber, chief executive of the CJC, stated that "no one ever says Israel is perfect" and predicted the fledgling group will have trouble finding support. Farber stated that the alliance "will remain a rump on the edge of Jewish society." In January 2010, Farber described IJV as a "fringe group" that spews "vile, anti-Zionist" rhetoric.
Criticism of Canadian government
In 2010, Canada's bid for a seat on the UN Security Council failed and Prime Minister Stephen Harper blamed it on "a rising tide of antisemitism". Diana Ralph of IJV denied that the criticism of Israeli policies was anti-Semitic and stated, "We believe that it is legitimate and ethically necessary for Canadians of conscience to criticize Israeli human rights abuses and to support non-violent remedies." In response, Melanie Phillips, writing in The Spectator, described Independent Jewish Voices as "...those obnoxious Finklers ... part of that broader coalition of hatred which should surely be called Jews for Injustice Against Jews".
In May 2014, IJV called on the Canadian government to deny entry of Moshe Feiglin, Deputy Minister of the Israeli Knesset, because of his allegedly racist views. According to IJV spokesperson Sheryl Nestel, these include "support for the transfer to neighbouring Arab states of the 1.4 million Palestinians who are citizens of Israel. Feiglin is also an advocate of annexing the West Bank and the Gaza strip and of the exercise of full Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem, both of which are in direct contravention of international law."
Support for BDS
In June 2009, IJV reportedly became the first national Jewish organization to join an international campaign in support of the call for Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) against Israel. IJV stated that it will:
Support the Palestinian call for a campaign of boycott, divestment and sanctions until Israel meets its obligation to recognize the Palestinian people's right to self-determination and complies with the precepts of international law, including the right of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes and properties as stipulated in UN resolution 194.
In 2012, the United Church of Canada decided to boycott goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The Church was accused of bias and anti-Semitism. IJV spokesperson Tyler Levitan defended the Church's campaign in a public statement, saying that "The Israel lobby, unable to defend Israel's occupation and brutal treatment of the Palestinian people, can only slur those who support Palestinian human rights."
Countering pro-Israel advocacy
In an article written for the Winnipeg Free Press and reprinted widely since, IJV member Jason Kunin wrote that "pro-Israel advocacy depends upon on the active dissemination of Islamophobia. Not surprisingly, engendering hatred in this manner inflames anti-Jewish sentiment among Arabs and Muslims. None of this is a recipe for making Jews safe" and that "Defenders of Israel often argue that Israel is forced to do what it does — to destroy people's homes, to keep them under the boot of occupation, to seal them into walled ghettos, to brutalize them daily with military incursions and random checkpoints — to protect its citizens from Palestinian violence."
In an interview with the Ryerson Free Press in July 2009, then IJV co-chair Diana Ralph expressed confidence that "progressive Jews in alliance with other pro-justice groups had the potential to build a movement powerful enough to expose, weaken and eventually defeat the Canadian Israel lobby." Ralph also claimed that "in spite of heavy pro-Israel propaganda, most Jews are far more progressive than the Israel lobby which claims to speak for them."
2008–09 and 2014 Gaza wars
IJV opposed the 2008–09 Gaza War. In a press release issued at the beginning of the conflict, the group stated that:
Independent Jewish Voices (Canada) condemns this murderous escalation of violence by the Israeli government. Diana Ralph, IJV Coordinator calls this assault “completely disproportionate to the unsupportable firing of Qassam rockets by Hamas fighters which killed one Israeli. It’s important to put this into the context of the deadly siege of Gaza by the Israeli forces, which continued in violation of the terms of the recent six month truce between Israel and Gaza. In the ethics of violent conflicts, it is the responsibility of the force wielding power - the Israeli government in this case - to create the conditions for a just peace.
IJV was again moved to outrage and action in 2014 by the Israeli bombing and invasion of Gaza, and what they saw as the support of Israel's actions by Stephen Harper and other national parties. "The Liberal party is in lockstep with the Conservatives in not even mentioning Palestinian casualties and the NDP won't mention the word Palestine", said Tyler Levitan of IJV. IJV organized and joined protests across Canada.
Opposition to the Jewish National Fund
IJV has criticized the Jewish National Fund (JNF) for "discriminatory policies of ethnic exclusion, and its role in the historic and ongoing dispossession of Palestinians from their lands." IJV has mounted a campaign in conjunction with other organizations to have the charitable status of the JNF's Canadian branch revoked.
Members of IJV and others disrupted an event put on by JNF Canada in Toronto in September 2014.
First national conference
The Alliance of Concerned Jewish Canadians and other activists held a national Independent Jewish Canadians Conference on March 28–30, 2008 with Naomi Klein as its keynote speaker. The participants affirmed their support for international law, their opposition to all forms or racism (including anti-Semitism and Islamophobia), and pledged to counter the view that any criticism of Israel's government and military policies is automatically anti-Semitic. Specifically, they opposed the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza which commenced in 1967.
The conference passed a resolution creating an interim steering committee that would found a national progressive Jewish organization. The steering committee adopted the name Independent Jewish Voices (Canada) shortly afterwards. ACJC co-founder Eibie Weizfeld split with the new group and continues to lead an organization called ACJC which is unconnected with IJV.
The seven stated goals of IJV are:
- To give Jewish Canadians an alternative that works for peace and justice
- To challenge the Jewish establishment's views on the Middle East
- To open up discussion about Israeli government and military actions
- To support the right of Canadians to discuss Israeli policies without fear of being accused of anti-Semitism
- To promote contacts with Muslims and Arabs in Canada and to demonstrate that we can work together for peace
- To oppose wars of aggression
- To work in solidarity with the peace movements and war resisters within Israel
Controversy over Diana Ralph
In 2009, a minor controversy ensued when the National Post publicized former IJV co-ordinator Diana Ralph's contribution of a chapter to The Hidden History of 9-11, in which she wrote that the attacks of September 11, 2001 were being used by the United States government as a pretext to "seize control of Eurasia, and thereby the entire world." She also wrote that "It is difficult to draw another conclusion than that Bush's associates organized the 9/11 attacks to kick-start popular support for this war" and that "The 'war on terror' is a concept modelled on Israel's assaults on Palestinians to provide a cover for campaigns of territorial conquest."
Howard Davidson, a member of the IJV steering committee, stated that Ralph's past has "nothing to do with the IJV" and that "The positions of Diana Ralph stated in those articles do not represent the positions of the IJV."
Shortly after the National Post article, Ralph stepped down as IJV's co-ordinator.
- "IJV Basis of Unity / VJI Entente de principes". Independent Jewish Voices Canada. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Independent Jewish Voices Canada. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "IJV Supports the Recommendations of the United Church of Canada's Working Group on Israel/Palestine Policy". July 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "CJN Feature: Making space for critical voices". Canadian Jewish News. September 16, 2014. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
- Church braces for debate by J.P. Squire, Kelowna Daily Courier, August 10, 2009.[dead link]
- Laidlaw, Stuart (April 12, 2008). "A different vision for Israel". Toronto Star. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
- United Church, Jewish group try to reconcile by Kathryn Blaze Carlson, National Post, Friday, January 29, 2010.
- Anti-Semitism on the Rise Here and Abroad, PM Says The Star (Canada) 8 November 2010, accessed 11 November 2010
- Melanie Phillips, Jews for Injustice against Jews, The Spectator, 9 November 2010, accessed 11 November 2010
- Tobianah, Vicky (14 January 2014). "Appointment of new pro-Israel Canadian envoy sparks debate". Haaretz. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Stern, Cara (3 February 2014). "Where’s the line in campus debates about Israel?". The Canadian Jewish News. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "Jewish Group Urges Gov’t To Deny Entry For Hawkish Likud MK Moshe Feiglin". JP Updates. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Independent Jewish Voices (Canada) Joins BDS Campaign Against Israel by Independent Jewish Voices (Canada), The Activist Magazine, June 24, 2009.
- National Canadian Jewish organization votes to boycott Israel, Press release, Independent Jewish Voices (Published in the Electronicintifada, June 18, 2009.
- "Boycott SodaStream". Independent Jewish Voices Canada. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "Independent Jewish Voices Commends United Church For Finalizing Stand Against Israeli Occupation". Independent Jewish Voices Canada. 17 August 2012. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Hopper, Tristin (5 December 2013). "United Church of Canada’s Israeli boycott campaign an ‘assault on the Jewish people,’ Toronto group says". National Post. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "Block the Boat Vancouver". Canada Palestine Association. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- "Criticizing Israel is not an act of bigotry". Arab American News. 2007-03-10.
- Jewish group embraces boycott, makes history, Ryerson Free Press, July 16, 2009.
- INDEPENDENT JEWISH VOICES CONDEMNS ISRAEL’S GAZA MASSACRE, December 28, 2008
- Delegations with IJV member Sandra Ruch enter Gaza from Rafah, IJV Statement, May 26, 2009.
- Lau, Rachel (10 August 2014). "Montrealers demonstrate to show support for Palestine". Global News. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Madondo, Obert (22 July 2014). "In Ottawa, protesters denounce Harper’s support of Israel, war crimes in Gaza". The Canadian Progressive. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Cobb, Chris (27 July 2014). "Pro-Gaza protesters condemn Canada's unqualified support of Israel". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Hempstead, Doug (26 July 2014). "Hundreds march for Palestine". Ottawa Sun. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Omand, Geordon (5 August 2014). "Halifax protesters call on federal NDP to speak out on Israel-Gaza conflict". Metro. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Botelho-Urbanski, Jessica (19 July 2014). "Hundreds rally at the Forks to protest violence in Gaza". Winnipeg Free Press. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Mahichi, Behdad (20 July 2014). "Protesters march through downtown Vancouver in support of Gaza". Vancity Buzz. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Khan, Mohammed Azhar Ali (29 May 2014). "Canadians told to look under Israeli forests". Saudi Gazette. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Siddiqui, Haroon (4 December 2013). "Foreign issues are local in globalized Toronto: Siddiqui". Toronto Star. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Lungen, Paul; Shupac, Jodie (16 September 2014). "Protesters disrupt JNF event". The Canadian Jewish News. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
- Paul Zermebka (2006). The hidden history of 9-11-2001. Elsevier JAI.
- United Church vows more care in funding by Kathryn Blaze Carlson, National Post, September 22, 2009.
- Independent Jewish Voices (Canada)
- Canadian Jewish News article
- True Patriot Love - Jewish Dissent in Canada by ACJC founder Michael Benazon, Outlook, Nov/Dec 2005
- Alliance of Concerned Jewish Canadians, The Jewish Grassroots Revolt. Canadian Dimension. February 19 2007.
- Jewish Canadian Coalition
- Berlin, David (July 2014). "The Dissenters". UC Observer. Retrieved 11 December 2014.