Independent Socialist Party (Netherlands)
The party was founded by a group around Jacques de Kadt and Piet J. Schmidt on March 28, 1932. The group had split from the SDAP after a conflict over the internal opposition publication, the De Fakkel. The moderate leadership of the SDAP banned the publication, in reaction to this the leftwing opposition left the party. It entered in the 1933 elections where at won 27,000 votes and nearly one seat. In 1935 the party merged with the Revolutionary Socialist Party, and formed the Revolutionary Socialist Workers Party.
Ideology & Issues
The OSP was an orthodox Marxist, revolutionary socialist party, which opposed both the authoritarian stalinism of the Communist Party of the Netherlands and the moderate reformism of the Social-Democratic Workers' Party. The party's main goal was the proletarian world revolution, which would replace the capitalist system by a system of workers' councils. In the end this would result in a Communist society where inequality, exploitation and class would be eliminated.
The RSP was mainly supported by leftwing intellectuals and educated workers, who were highly concentrated in the large cities.
The party had a strong basis of young militants, united in Socialist Youth Union. (Dutch: Socialistische Jeugd Vereniging; SJV). The party magazine was the De Fakkel (The Torch), which had actually ignited the break between OSP and SDAP. The Youth Union was affiliated to the International Bureau of Revolutionary Youth Organizations.
Relationships to other parties
The OSP was shunned by other leftwing parties, because of its strong opposition to the social-democratic SDAP and the Communist CPH. Cooperation with the small Left-Communist RSP led to their merger with the RSAP in 1935.
The OSP is very comparable to other parties formed as orthodox Marxist opposition within social-democratic parties, like Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany - see anti-Stalinist left and centrist Marxism.
- De Cort, B. (2004) Solidariteit in anonimiteit. De geschiedenis van de leden van de Onafhankelijke Socialistische Partij
- Eekman, M. and H. Pieterson (1987) Linkssocialisme tussen de Wereldoorlogen
- Vossen, K. (2003) Vrij vissen in het Vondelpark. Kleine politieke partijen in Nederland 1918-1940 pp.82-94