Independent Television Network

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This article is about for the channel in Sri Lanka. For the news channel in the United Kingdom, see ITN.
Independent Television Network (ITN)
Itnltd.jpg
Address
Wickramasinhapura, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Information
Type Government-owned corporation
Established 1979
Website

Independent Television Network Limited (also known as ITN Ltd) is a Sri Lankan state governed television and radio broadcaster located in Wickramasinhapura, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka. ITN was the first tv channel and was brought into sri lanka by Anil Wijewardene (who later married Shyama Fernando and had Saskia and Aquinne Wijewardene). It is a Shrama Abhimani Award winner (Oct 2009) ,[1] broadcasts content to a wide demographic within Sri Lanka as well as the expatriate community. The programmes are broadcast in three languages; Sinhala, Tamil, and English. The ITN broadcast coverage extends to 99% of the island of Sri Lanka.[2][3] The current chairman of ITN Ltd is Mr. Rosmund Senaratne.[2][4]

The ITN channel is the flagship television channel of ITN Ltd. ITN further operates three FM radio stations; Lakhanda, the Sinhala language service; Vasantham FM (or Wasanthan FM), the Tamil language service and Prime Radio, the English language service. Vasantham TV (or Wasanthan TV), a second television channel operated by ITN Ltd, broadcasts content in the Tamil language. ITN recently launched a website ITN News, which is an online portal for the distribution of local news internationally.[5]

History[edit]

ITN Ltd commenced operations on the 13th of April 1979 with the introduction of the ITN television channel.[2] As the first television broadcasting service of Sri Lanka and South Asia they began transmission of the first terrestrial television channel in the country. It was also the first privately owned television station in a region where government was in control of radio and television.[6] The founding board of directors was composed of Mr. Shan Wickramasinghe, Mr. Anil Wijewardene and Mr. Bob Christie. Initially the ITN Ltd studios and transmission station were based in Pannipitiya. A single Kilo Watt (1K.W) transmitter and 65 ft. transmission tower were used to broadcast the ITN channel within a fifteen (15) mile radius of the city of Colombo.[2] Due to the geographical location of the transmission station, local weather and the transmission equipment used early viewers experienced many disruptions and interference to programmes as a result of voltage fluctuations.

On the 5th of June 1979 ITN Ltd was acquired by the state as a business undertaking under a Competent Authority.[2] The duly appointed authority, the late Mr. D. Thevis L. Guruge (ex-Director General of the Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation) contributed significantly to the early development of the organisation. [7] ITN Ltd was the pioneer of colour television transmission in Sri Lanka.[6] On the 05th June 1984 ITN Ltd relocated to its current base of operations in Wickramasinhapura. In 1992 ITN was converted to a public company with the state as the major share holder of the company.[2] Subsequently, the revenue, the diversity of programmes, technical services and coverage expanded significantly.

Lakhanda and Vasantham FM are two of the three FM radio stations operated by ITN Ltd. The Lakhanda radio station which originated as a subsidiary of the Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC) was amalgamated with ITN Ltd on 1 April 1997.[8] This radio station broadcasts content in the Sinhala language. Vasantham FM is a FM radio station also operated by ITN Ltd which broadcasts content in the Tamil language. This radio station was launched in June 2009 in order to fulfill the media requirements of the Tamil speaking community within Sri Lanka.

Furthermore, ITN Ltd commenced transmission of a second television channel, Vasantham TV on the 25th of June 2009.[9][10] This particular television channel broadcasts content in the Tamil language. ITN launched Prime TV and Prime Radio, a television channel and radio station that broadcasts material in English on the 12th of November 2009.[4][11]

Programmes[edit]

ITN Ltd's television channels and radio stations, broadcast a variety of different of programmes in Sinhala, Tamil and English languages. Listed below are some of the programmes broadcast by the television channels and radio stations operated by ITN Ltd.

ITN channel - (Primarily broadcasts content in the Sinhala language)[12]

  • News - (In Sinhala, Tamil and English)
  • Teledramas - (Amaa, Ridee Siththam, Muthu Warusa, Tharu Piri Ahasak, Parana Towuma, Snehaye Dasi, Nethu Piyena Thura, Kopi Kade, Aluth Gedera, Sihina Tharaka & Bonda Meedum-Rep )
  • Films - Classic Sinhala Films
  • Documentaries - Atapattama
  • Educational programmes
  • Children's entertainment
  • Programmes dubbed in Sinhala
  • Game shows
  • Reality TV
  • Religious programmes
  • Political debates

Vasantham TV - (Primarily broadcasts content in the Tamil language) [9]

  • News
  • Teledramas
  • Films - Tamil / Hindi Films
  • Documentaries
  • Educational programmes
  • Children's entertainment

Prime TV - (Primarily broadcasts content in the English language) [13]

  • News
  • Music Programmes - (Music Runway, House of Rock, Music With Bevil)
  • Debates and Discussions - (The Round Table, Ayubowan Sri Lanka, Prime Sunrise)
  • Educational/Variety Programmes - (Prime Sunset)
  • Drama - (Beverly Hills 90210, Relic Hunter, Queen of Swords)
  • Other - (Sports/Foreign News/Cartoons)

Lakhanda - (Primarily broadcasts content in the Sinhala language) [14][15]

  • News
  • Music - Sinhala
  • Religious programmes
  • Educational programmes
  • Political programmes

Vasantham FM - (Primarily broadcasts content in the Tamil language) [9][16]

  • News
  • Music - Tamil
  • Religious programmes
  • Educational programmes
  • Political programmes

Prime Radio - (Primarily broadcasts content in the English language) [17]

  • News
  • Music

Frequencies and Coverage[edit]

Cummulatively, the broadcasts of ITN Ltd reach over 99% of the country. However, the coverage for the individual radio stations and television channels vary considerably.

ITN [3]

  • Frequency/ies: VHF Ch9, VHF Ch 12, VHF Ch 24
  • Coverage: 99% of country except certain areas in the North
  • International coverage: Live online streaming at The ITN Channel Online

Vasantham TV [9]

  • Frequency/ies:VHF Ch9, UHF 25
  • Coverage:Western Province, North and East
  • International coverage: Live online streaming at / Vasantham TV Online

Prime TV [18][19]

  • Frequency/ies:UHF Ch24
  • Coverage:Western Province
  • International coverage: Live online streaming at Prime TV Online

Lakhanda [20]

  • Frequency/ies + Coverage: 97.6 MHz - Colombo, South / 87.9 MHz - North and 88.5 MHz Islandwide
  • International coverage: Live online streaming at Lakhanda Radio Online

Vasantham FM [9]

  • Frequency/ies + Coverage: 97.6 MHz - Colombo, 97.0Mhz
  • International coverage: Live online streaming at Vasantham FM Online

Prime Radio [21][22][23]

  • Frequency/ies + Coverage: 104.5 MHz - Colombo, 95.5 MHz - Kandy, 99.0 MHz - Galle
  • International coverage: Live online streaming at Prime Radio Online

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The ITN Channel Reporters (2009-10-14). "Shrama Abhimani awards for ITN". The ITN Channel. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f The ITN channel. "About ITN". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  3. ^ a b The ITN Channel. "Receiving ITN". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  4. ^ a b Susitha R. Fernand (2009-11-22). "Prime feat from ITN". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  5. ^ Independent Television Network. "ITN News - Latest Sri Lankan News". Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b Sunday Observer Reporters (2009-09-13). "Digital future". [[Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka)|]]. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  7. ^ Wikipedia Contributor. "Thevis Guruge". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  8. ^ Lakhanda. "Origin of Lakhanda". Retrieved 2009-12-31. [dead link]
  9. ^ a b c d e The Sri Lankan Government (2009-06-25). ""Vasantham TV" transmissions from today". The Official Government News Portal of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  10. ^ Ruwini Jayawardana (2009-06-30). "ITN introduces Vasantham TV". Daily News. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  11. ^ Ruwini Jayawardana (2009-11-11). "Prime TV and Prime Radio breaks into the scene". Daily News. Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  12. ^ ITN Ltd. "ITN Programmes and Schedule". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  13. ^ Prime TV. "Prime TV Programmes". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  14. ^ Lakhanda. "Lakhanda programmes". Retrieved 2009-12-31. [dead link]
  15. ^ Lakhanda. "Lakhanda schedule". Retrieved 2009-12-31. [dead link]
  16. ^ Vasantham FM. "Vasantham FM Programmes and Schedule". Retrieved 2009-12-31. [dead link]
  17. ^ Prime Radio. "Prime Radio Shows". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  18. ^ Prime TV. "Facebook - Prime TV". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  19. ^ Prime TV. "Twitter - Prime TV". Retrieved 2009-12-31. [dead link]
  20. ^ Lakhanda. "Lakhanda". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  21. ^ Prime Radio. "Prime Radio". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  22. ^ Prime Radio. "Facebook - Prime Radio". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 
  23. ^ Prime Radio. "Twitter - Prime Radio". Retrieved 2009-12-31. 

External links[edit]